Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South and Central Asia. The country is the 42nd most populous in the world with a population of 33,000,000. The country covers 252,000 square miles and is the 41st largest country in the world by area. The primary religion in the region is Islam. The country has a unitary presidential Islamic republic government with a president and chief executive officer. The capital is Kabul, which is also the country’s largest city. The currency of the country i

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Algeria

Algeria is located on North Africa's Mediterranean coast and is the largest country Africa. It is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia and Libya, to the west by Morocco, the Western Saharan territory and Mauritania, and to the south by Mali and Niger. The Mediterranean Sea lines the northern coast of Algeria, providing a gateway to Europe. However, the Sahara desert also covers a huge part of the country. The northern city of Algiers is the country's capital and most populous city with more than

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Argentina

Argentina is a beautiful tropical country that is located in the southern portion of South America. It is home to 23 provinces and is known as the second largest country in South America. Geographically, it is bordered in the South and West by Chile, in the North by Bolivia and Paraguay, and in the Northeast by Brazil and Uruguay. The official language of Argentina is Spanish, and most people there speak the Castilian Spanish dialect. This dialect is very similar to the Spanish spoke in other pa

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Australia

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of land mass. The entire country of Australia includes the Australian continent and numerous islands off the coast of the continent including Tasmania. Countries that surround Australia include Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north and New Zealand to the south. The country is home to approximately 23 million people with 4.6 million of them living in the largest city of Sydney. The country uses the Australian dollar as

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Austria

Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe with a very mountainous terrain. Only 32% of Austria is below 1,640 square feet (500 m). With a high per capita GDP of $49,436, Austrians have a high standard of living. Approximately 47% of the country is covered with forests which gives Austria a lot of greenery. With beautiful waterfalls and meadows, there are many great places to walk or hike. Austria, the birthplace of many famous composers and Nobel Prize winners, is rich in cultural histor

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Bangladesh

The country of Bangladesh is located in South Asia. The official name of the country is the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The country's population is 163,187,000, making it the 8th most populous country in the world. At just 56,990 square miles, it is the 92nd largest country in the world. Bangladesh is a unitary parliamentary republic with a president and a prime minister. The primary group is Bengali -- 98% of the population falls into this group. The primary religion in the country is Isla

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Barbados

The island of Barbados is situated in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles, and is an independent British Commonwealth nation. Having been previously claimed by the Spanish, the English took possession of the island in 1625 and colonial rule continued until 1966, when the island became an independent member of the Commonwealth headed by Queen Elizabeth II. Reflecting its independent status, the flag of Barbados features a three-point trident that represents the three principles of democracy: government

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Belgium

Belgium meets high standards of living and has a progressive high-income economy. This developed country, according to the Global Peace Index, is rated as one of the most peaceful countries in the world, with a population of approximately 11.3 million. Brussels, the capital of Belgium, is also known as the unofficial capital of the EU. Brussels houses the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, and the European Commission. Belgium’s currency is the Euro as they are part of the Eu

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Bolivia

In 2009, Bolivia's official name became the Plurinational State of Bolivia, in recognition of the ethnically diverse nature of the country and the enhanced status of Bolivia's indigenous peoples under its new constitution. The nation is certainly multi-ethnic: its population of 11 million is made up of Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. While Spanish is the predominant language, an impressive 36 indigenous languages also have official status in Bolivia. Geographically, Bolivi

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Brazil

Brazil is the largest country in South America and is the world's fifth largest country. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, by Venezuela, Guyanna, Suriname and French Guiana in the north, by Bolivia and Peru in the west and by Uruguay in the south. It has a large coastline of over 7400 kilometers, which allows it to have a bustling tourism economy due to its numerous beaches. The country has a total population of 193 million people, and its capital city of Brasilia is hom

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Canada

Canada is a country located in northern North America directly above the United States. It consists of ten provinces and three territories. It encompasses almost 10 million kilometers of land, making it the second largest country in the world. However, Canada only had a population of 33.4 million people, making it the 35th largest country in the world. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and it is home to 883,391 people. Canada has two official languages, French and English. English is spoken throughout

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Chile

Chile lies along the western edge of South America's Pacific coastline, its famously narrow outline stretching more than 6,000 kilometers along the coast. But this ocean-facing country is also mountainous, and its capital city, Santiago, is situated in a valley surrounded by the Andes and Chilean Coast Range of mountains. The mineral-rich Atacama Desert is in northern Chile, while the southern part of the country has many forests, lakes and volcanoes. Off the coast, but part of Chilean territory

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China

China is located on the continent of Asia and is the most populated country in the world. It is surrounded by Russia, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Pakistan,Myanmar, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Laos, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Tajikistan, North Korea and Bhutan. China’s population is constantly growing, and the most recent population of China (2013) is 1.38 billion people. The country was established in 221 BC and was ruled by many ancient Chinese dynasties until January 1, 1912. It was then that the Republic

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Colombia

Colombia is a South American country that has some territories located in Central America. The official name of Colombia is the Republic of Colombia. The country has an estimated population of over 49 million, making it the 28th largest country in the world based on population. It’s total area of 44-,831 square miles makes it the 25th largest country by area. The largest ethnic group in the country are Mestizo and White. The official language is Spanish, but English is official in certain region

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Costa Rica

Costa Rica is a small country that is located in Central America. It is bordered by Nicaragua to its north, Panama to its south, the Caribbean Sea to its east and the Pacific Ocean to its west. The country has a population of 4.5 million, and its capital city of San Jose is home to approximately 300,000 citizens. Costa Rica has a total area of 19,653 square miles (51,100 square kilometers). The official language of the country is Spanish, but Mekatelyu and Bribri are both recognized indigenous l

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Cuba

Cuba is a small country that is located in the Caribbean Sea that is a part of the North American continent. It is an island country that consists of numerous archipelagos. The main island is known as the Isla de la Juventud. Cuba is home to 11.1 million people. Its capital city of Havana has a population of 2.1 million citizens. The total area of Cuba is 42,426 square miles (109,884 square kilometers) making it the 105th largest country in the world. Cuba’s official language is Spanish. They do

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Denmark

Linked to nearby Sweden by the Öresund bridge, Denmark is a Scandinavian country made up of the Jutland Peninsula and numerous islands. Copenhagen, its capital city, is home to royal palaces, the Tivoli amusement park and the iconic Little Mermaid statue. Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen, best known for his fairy tales, is from the city of Odense. Although Denmark is a relatively small country (it covers an area of 42,924 km2 and has a population of around 5.5 million), its territory includ

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Ecuador

Ecuador is a small country located in South America. It is bordered in the north by Columbia, on the east and south by Peru and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. Ecuador has an area of 109,484 square miles (283,520 square kilometers). The country’s capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site in the 1970s by UNESCO. The country is home to over 15 million people, while Quito has over 2 million inhabitants. The country’s official language is Spanish, but Kichwa, Shuar and other

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Egypt

Egypt is known as a transcontinental country due to the fact that it lies on both Africa and Asia. The Sinai Peninsula connects southwest Asia to northeast Africa, and it is part of the country of Egypt. Most of the country lies in Africa though. Egypt is bordered by Israel to the north, the Red Sea in the east, Sudan in the south and Libya in the west. It is very populated, and is home to 84 million people, making it the 15th most populous country in the world. Its capital city is Cairo, and it

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a country that is located in what is known as the Horn of Africa. Its official name is the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. This African country is the 27th largest in the world by area, which measure 426,400 square miles. The country's population exceeds 100 million, making it the 12th most populous in the world. The country is a federal parliamentary republic. It does not have an official language, but Amharic is a working langage, and the country has multiple regional lang

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Finland

Finland is a small country of a little over 5 million people, sandwiched between Russia and Sweden. Archaeological discoveries suggest that Finland was first inhabited by humans about 125,000 years ago. Some claim that the first Finnish-speaking people settled in the country in the eighth century. Other scholars believe that a form of Finnish has been spoken in Finland as far back as 3000BC. Settlements were firmly established by the stone age around 8500 BC and Archaeologists have since reconst

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France

France is located in Western Europe and is the third largest country on the continent of Europe. It is also known as the largest country in all of Western Europe. The official language of France is French; however you can also hear English in some of the metropolitan areas. Paris is the capital city of France, and has a total population of 2.2 million people. The entire country of France has a population of 65.3 million, making it the 19th largest country in the world. France does not have an of

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Germany

Germany is located in western-central Europe and is home to 80.3 million people. Its capital city of Berlin has a population of 3.3 million people. Germany has the largest population of all of the countries in the European Union, and is considered a major political and economical power in Europe. Its currency is the Euro, which is also used widely across Europe. The official language of Germany is German, and the country does not have an official religion. Although, Christianity is practiced wid

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Ghana

Ghana is a country located in West Africa. Its official name is the Republic of Ghana. It is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. It has a total population of 27,410,000. The country has a unitary presidential constitutional democracy type of government. The official language of the country is English. Its capital city is Accra, which boasts a population of 2,270,000. Accra is also the largest city in the country. Ghana has the 45th highest population in the world. Its curren

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Greece

Greece is located in Southeast Europe, and is comprised of 11 different geographical areas. The country is home to 11 million people, and its capital city of Athens is populated with 3.7 million people. Greece is surrounded by Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey to the north, the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The country also has the 11th longest coastline in the world, which is approximately 13,676 km long. Greece’s 11 million cit

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Greenland

Although Greenland is Geographically part of the American continental shelf, it has, for the past millennium. been integrated into Europe, being controlled first by Norway and then by Denmark. It even joined the EU in 1973 when the country was part of Denmark, but it subsequently left. Its original inhabitants are Inuit Eskimos who came over to Greenland from Canada. It is interesting to see on a map just how it is situated in the world.

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Guatemala

Guatemala is located in Central America and is bordered by Mexico and Belize to its north, the Pacific Ocean, Honduras and El Salvador to its south, and the Pacific Ocean to its west. The country is 42,043 square miles (108,890 square kilometers) large and has a total population of 13.2 million people. Its capital city of Guatemala City is home to 1.1 million people, and is constantly growing. The official language of Guatemala is Spanish, and it does not recognize an official religion. However,

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Guyana

Guyana is located on South America's North Atlantic coast. A former British colony, its capital city, Georgetown, is known for its colonial architecture, which includes St. George's Anglican Cathedral. Guyana is the only country in South America to be predominantly English-speaking (although most people speak Guyanese Creole, an English-based creole language) and retains many aspects of its colonial history (cricket is a major sport), which blends with its Caribbean culture. Beyond the capital c

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Haiti

Sitting the tropical Caribbean Sea, the Republic of Haiti is part of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles chain of islands which includes Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rico. More than any other country in the Caribbean, Haiti is associated with slavery, the legacy of which is evident in everything from the people to the land itself. Unique in many ways, Haiti is the only country in the world to grow out of a successful revolution by an enslaved population. Its natural beauty and diversit

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Honduras

The Central American country of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala and El Salvador, and to the southeast by Nicaragua. Its southern coast lies along the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and its northern coast by the Gulf of Honduras, an inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, including the Maya, known for its hieroglyphic writing system, art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system. Honduras was invaded by the

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong is an autonomous territory in southeastern China. It is a vibrant urban center, a major port and global financial hub, and a very popular tourist destination. Formerly a colony of the British Empire, with the exception of the Second World War, Hong Kong remained under British control until 1997, when it was returned to China (effectively ending the British empire, as Hong Kong was the last major British colony). It is now a special administrative region that maintains a separate politi

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Iceland

Iceland is a Nordic island country with an intriguing history and spectacular natural attractions that bring many tourists to the island. Volcanically active, much of the land is covered by sand and lava fields, mountain and glaciers. Iceland is a country that has learned how to take advantage of its natural resources while also protecting them, and its geothermal hot springs are hugely popular with residents and tourists alike. Although it has many visitors, Iceland remains the most sparsely po

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India

India is a country located in South Asia that is known as the seventh largest country in the world. It is also the second most populated country in the world, and is home to over 1.2 billion people. Bordering its southern border is the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The country also shares its borders with Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Burma, Bangladesh and Nepal. The Indian flag is comprised of four colors. Orange, white and green stripes encompass the flag, and there is a smal

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Indonesia

Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia. Some of its territories lie in Oceania. The official name of the country is the Republic of Indonesia. The country has a population of over 263 million, making it one of the world's most populous countries. In terms of area, the country is 735,358 square miles and is the 14th largest country in the world. The country has a unitary presidential constitution republic government with a president and a vice president. The official language is Indones

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Iran

Iran is a country located in Western Asia. The official name of the country is the Islamic Public of Iran. The country has a population that exceeds 79 million, and it is the 18th largest country by population. In terms of area, it is 636,372 square miles and is the 17th largest country by area. The country is an Islamic Republic and has a Supreme Leader, President, and Vice President. The official religion of the country is Islam. The official language is Persian. The capital city is Tehran, an

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Ireland

Ireland is a beautiful green country located in northwest Europe. It is an island that is separated from Great Britain by the Irish Sea. The island is considered the 20th largest island in the world, and encompasses 84,421 kilometers squared of land. It is home to 6.4 million people, and the capital city of Dublin has a population of 1.273 million people. The island has a hilly geography with numerous plains and rivers cutting through the land. Its currency is the Euro. The country’s official la

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Italy

Italy is located in Southern Europe between France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The country is located in the Mediterranean Sea and also governs numerous islands throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Italy and all of its islands are home to 59 million people. Its capital city, Rome, is home to 2.7 million people. Italy’s official language is Italian, and it does not have an official religion. However, Christianity is practiced by 91.6% of Italy’s people and Catholicism is the primary religion

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Jamaica

Jamaica is an island that is located in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Since gaining their independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, the country has grown to a population of 2.8 million people, while its capital city of Kingston is home to approximately 1 million of the country’s inhabitants. The official language of Jamaica is English, due to the fact that the United Kingdom ruled over the country for many centuries. However, the country also recognizes

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Japan

Japan is an island country that is located in East Asia. The country is technically an archipelago, and is comprised of more than 6800 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Shikoku and Kyusha and they make up approximately 97% of Japan’s land area. The country is home to over 126 million people, making it the tenth largest country in the world in terms of population. Its capital city is Tokyo, and is has a growing population of 30 million people. The country does not have an of

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Kenya

Kenya is a country that is located in East Africa. The country is home to 43.5 million people, while its capital city of Nairobi is home to 3.1 million people. Nairobi is also the largest city in the country. Kenya has a hot climate due to its location. It lies directly on the equator, and is surrounded by Uganda to the south, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia to the north. The country’s official languages are Swahili and English. It does not have an official religion, though; Christianity is hi

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Madagascar

Madagascar is an island nation located off of the coast of Africa. Its official name is the Republic of Madagascar. The country is one of the largest islands in the world. It is a popular tourist spot and is well known for its biodiversity. It is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. The history of Madagascar dates all the way back to 2000 BC. Evidence has shown that Madagascar was once part of the mainland before breaking off into the island it is known as today. The coutnry has a

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Mexico

Mexico is located in North America, directly south of the United States. Its official name is the United Mexican States. Mexico not only borders the United States, but it also shares borders on the east by Guatemala, Belize and the Gulf of Mexico. Its home to over 113 million people, making it the 11th most populous country in the world, though, it is the 5th largest country in the world by land mass. The capital is Mexico City, and it is home to 8.85 million inhabitants. The country is comprise

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Mongolia

When most people think of Mongolia, they think of Genghis Khan, the famous and feared founder of Mongol Empire. However, there's a lot more to this remote, landlocked nation than that: from its vast rugged expanses to the northern mountains and southern Gobi Desert, Mongolia is land of contrasts, steeped in history and influenced (not to mention somewhat overshadowed) by its links to bordering countries China and Russia. The majority of Mongolia's three million population live in the capital cit

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Morocco

The Kingdom of Morocco is a sovereign state in the far north west of Africa. Most of its 1,800 km coastline is on the Atlantic Ocean, with about a quarter on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the 25th largest country in Africa, and the westernmost country of the Maghreb region. Its population is almost 34 million, who mainly live in the coastal cities. These include Rabat, which is Morocco's capital city, and Casablanca, its largest. Its currency is the Moroccan dirham, and it has a robust economy wh

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Nepal

Nepal is a country located in South Asia. This landlocked country is officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Nepal has a federal parliamentary republic government. It was declared a republic in May 2008. With a total area measuring over 56,000 square miles, it is the 95th largest country in the world. The country has a population that exceeds 29 million people. Kathmandu is the country’s capital city, and it has 1,400,000 people living within its city limits. The urban area

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Netherlands

The Netherlands is a socially tolerant country in northwestern Europe bordered by Germany and Belgium. Dutch people as a whole, tend not to be fans of flashy behavior. If you are making lots of money, it is felt that much of it should be returned to the system for the greater good of society as a whole. It’s not surprising that this country is also a world leader in regard to environmental issues. With a maritime climate, weather can change depending on what is happening with the ocean. Extremel

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New Zealand

New Zealand is an island that is located east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. The country is also located south of New Caledonia, Tonga and Fiji. It is comprised of multiple islands, with the North and South Island being the largest, and the most populated. Some of the smaller islands that are a part of New Zealand aren’t populated by humans. New Zealand’s total population is 4.4 million, while the capital city of Wellington is home to 395,000 people. The country has three official languages,

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Nicaragua

Nicaragua is located on the Central America isthmus directly between Honduras and Costa Rica. On its west is the Pacific Ocean, while the Caribbean Sea borders the country to the east. Nicaragua has a total area of 50,193 square miles (130,375 square kilometers). The <a href='http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/nicaragua-population/'>population of Nicaragua</a> is estimated at 6.15 million people as of 2016, while its capital city of Managua is home to 927,087 people. The country’s offici

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Nigeria

Nigeria is a country located in West Africa. The official name of the country is the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The country has a population of 188,462,640 people, making it the 7th most populous country in the world. In terms of area, it is the 32nd largest country at 356,669 square miles. The country is a federal presidential republic with a president and vice president. The capital city is Abuja. However, the largest city is Lagos. The official currency is the Naira. Nigeria's flag features

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North Korea

North Korea is a country in East Asia. It is the 97th largest country in the world, and has land borders with China, the Russian Federation and South Korea. It has an estimated population of nearly 25.4 million, governed from its capital and largest city, Pyongyang. Its currency is the North Korean won, which trades at approximately 0.001 of a US dollar. The country's official language is Korean. It has no official religion. The national flag is red bordered by thin white and broad blue bands, w

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Norway

The Kingdom of Norway is a country in northern Europe. It is the 68th largest country in the world, covering about 385,000 square kilometres of the Scandinavian peninsula. Its population in 2017 was 5.27 million, most of whom live in its cities, including its capital and largest city, Oslo. The Norwegian Krone is its currency, and it has a very stable, prosperous economy. There are two official languages, Norwegian and Sami. The Church of Norway is a Christian denomination and the country's Stat

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Pakistan

Pakistan is a country located in South Asia. Its official name is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The country has a population that exceeds 201 million, making it the 6th most populous in the world. The country is 340,509 square miles, making it the 33rd largest country by area. The country's capital is Islmabad. Its largest city is Karachi. The official religion of Pakistan is Islam, with over 96% of the population practicing this religion. The official languages are Urdu and English. The cou

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Panama

Panama is a narrow country that links Central and South America. It has borders with Costa Rica to the west and Columbia to the east, while its coasts face the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The Panama Canal, an impressive feat of human engineering, cuts through the center of the country, linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create an essential shipping route. Revenue from the canal continues to represent a significant portion of the country's GDP, and Panam

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Paraguay

Paraguay is a landlocked country that shares a border with some of the largest countries in South America: Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia. Due to its location, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de Sudamérica ('Heart of South America') and it is the smallest landlocked country in the Americas. Paraguay is mainly composed of large swaths of swampland, subtropical forests and scrubland. The capital city of Asunción lies on the banks of the Paraguay River, and is home to the grand Government Pal

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Peru

Peru is located in the western part of South America. Ecuador and Columbia border the country to the north, Brazil borders it to the east and Chile and Bolivia border the country to the south. The west side of the country is completely bordered by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is the 20th largest country in the world, and encompasses 496,225 square miles (1,285,216 square kilometers). The entire country is home to over 30 million people, making it the 40th largest country in the world by population al

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Philippines

The Philippines is an island country located in Southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of the Philippines. The country is made up of over 7,000 islands. In total the islands make up a total area of 120,000 square miles, making this the 72nd largest country in the world. However, even though it is not that large, with over 100 million people, it is the 13th most populated country in the world. The capital city is Manila. The largest city is Quezon City. The official languages are Filip

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Poland

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. The country is the sixth most populous state in the European Union, with a population of over 38 million. The country, in terms of population, is the 34th largest in the world. In terms of area, Poland is 120,726 square miles, making it the 69th largest country by area. Over 94% of people that live in Poland are Polish. The capital of Poland is Warsaw, which is also the country’s biggest city. The country has a unitary parliamentary republic governm

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Portugal

Portugal is the oldest state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest European nation-states, having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Portugal established the first global maritime empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. Today, Portugal is a socially progressive developed country with an advanced economy and high living standards. In addition to the mainland, Port

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Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is an island country that is located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. It is directly east of the Dominican Republic, and west of the British and the United States Virgin Islands. The country is comprised of one large island, where most of the inhabitants live, and many smaller islands. The country is home to 3.6 million people, while its capital city of San Juan is home to almost 400,000 people. The primary languages are both Spanish and English. The country is one of few in the wo

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Romania

Romania – Right at its centre we have the region of Transylvania, famous for its Medieval towns and Castles, birthplace of the fictional Vampire, Count Dracula in the Carpathian Mountains. The country’s name derives from the conquest of Transylvania at Dacia by the Romans in the beginning of the second century AD. The Romanian language has evolved from Vulgar Latin. What can we glean from the country’s chequered and rich history? Here are 50 facts that might surprise you in some cases.

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Russia

Russia is a massive country that is located in northern Eurasia. The country is so large that it is a part of both the European and Asian continents. Russia shares borders with fourteen different countries including Finland, Estonia, Poland, Norway, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It can also be connected to Japan through the Sea of Okhotsk, and to Russia through the Bering Strait. The official language of the country is Russ

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is an Arab country located in Western Asia. The country makes up most of the Arabian Peninsula. With an area of 830,000 square miles, this country is the fifth largest in Asia, and the second largest Arab country, falling second only to Algeria. The country has a population estimated to be 33 million, making it the 40th largest country in the world based on population. Saudi Arabia’s primary ethnic group is Arab, and the main religion is Sunni Islam. The government is a Unitary Isla

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Scotland

Scotland is a country in the United Kingdom, in Northwest Europe. Covering an area of 77,933 square kilometres, its mainland is part of the island of Great Britain, and it has 290 other islands. It has a population of about 5.4 million, most of whom live in its cities. Its capital is Edinburgh, but its largest city is Glasgow. Scotland's currency is the Pound Sterling in common with the rest of the UK, and its economy is very varied throughout the country. Its official language is English, and C

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Singapore

Singapore is both an island country and sovereign city-state, located in Southeast Asia. The entire country contains one main island in addition to 62 small islands. Nearby countries are Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei. Singapore has an estimated population of 5,607,300 (as of 2016). Singapore’s currency is the Singaporean dollar. Being a global transport, commerce, and finance hub, it is no surprise it is the third-largest foreign exchange market. The official languages of Singapore are English

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South Africa

South Africa is a country that is located in the southernmost part of Africa. The official name for the country is the Republic of South Africa. South Africa has a population of 54,956,900 people, making it the 25th most populous country in the world. The country stretches across 471,445 square miles, making it the 24th largest in the world. South Africa is unique in that it has eleven official languages. Because it is a secular state, there is no official religion, and citizens are free to wors

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South Korea

South Korea is a country that is located in East Asia. The official name for the country is the Republic of Korea. A population of over 51 million makes this the 27th largest country in the world based on population. The country has a total area of 38,690 square miles. The country has a unitary presidential constitutional republic government with a president and a prime minister. Seoul is the country's capital, and it is also the most populous city in the country. Over half of South Koreans do n

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Spain

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is located on the Iberian Peninsula and is part of Southwestern Europe. Spain is a sovereign state and is almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. To its northeast are France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay, while to is northwest is Portugal. Spain also has many territories throughout the world. Spanish territories include the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, the cities Ceuta and Melilla in North Africa, Alhuecemas, Velez de la Gomera, Al

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Sudan

The Republic of Sudan is also known as the Sudan and North Sudan (South Sudan gained independence in 2011 and is its own country). With 46% of people under the poverty line, there is a lot of hardship in this country. There have been many conflicts in the Sudan, over the years, that have left many people dead due to war, famine, and disease. Women have very few rights in this country. Human rights groups have spoken out against atrocities against people of other faiths or beliefs. There are some

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Sweden

Sweden is located in Northern Europe and is part of Scandinavia. It is bordered by Norway and Finland, and is connected to Denmark via a land bridge. The country is the third largest country in the European Union by area, but only is home to 9.5 million people, making its population density very low. The country’s capital is Stockholm, and it is home to approximately 871,990 people. The country’s official language is Swedish. The country does not have an official religion, however over 7 million

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Switzerland

Switzerland is a beautiful country that is located in Western Europe. Switzerland borders Germany to the north, Italy to the south, France to the east and Liechtenstein and Austria to the east. The country is completely landlocked, and encompasses an area of 15,940 square miles (41,285 square kilometers). The country’s population is approximately 8 million people, and its capital city of Bern is home to 125,000 people. The country has four main languages, including German, French, Italian, and R

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Tanzania

Located just south of the equator, Tanzania is an East African country that became a sovereign state in 1964. It includes the three spice islands of Zanzibar, Mafia, and Pemba. Three of Africa’s great lakes lie partially in Tanzania. In Tanzania, the poverty level is extremely high. 67.9 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Tanzania is a country with religious freedom as quite a few world religions have been a part of the country’s history. While there are over 100 languages s

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Thailand

Thailand is a country that is located in Southeast Asia. The country's official name is the Kingdom of Thailand, and it used to be called Siam. The capital city of Thailand is Bangkok, and it is also the largest city in the country. The country has a population of 67,959,000, making it the 20th most populous country in the world. The country has a total area of 198,120 square miles and is the 50th largest country in the world based on area. The country is a constutitional monarchy and has been s

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Uganda

Uganda is a country that is located in East Africa. The landlocked country is bordered by five countries. The official name of the country is the Republic of Uganda. The country has a population of almost 38 million, ranking it as the 35th largest country in the world in terms of population. With an area of over 93,000 square miles, it is the 81st largest country in the world by area. The capital city is Kampala, and it is also the largest city in Uganda. It has a dominant-part semi-presidential

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Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the 46th largest country in the world, and the largest completely in Europe. It has land borders with seven other countries and sits on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south. It has a population of 42.5 million spread over a land mass of 603,628 square kilometres, making it quite sparsely populated by area. Much of its population live in its large towns and cities, including Kiev, its capital and largest city. Ukraine's economy is based on i

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is located on the continent of Europe, and includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The country is a sovereign state whose capital is London. All of the United Kingdom has a population of 63.1 million people, while London is home to 8.1 million people. Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) is fully surrounded by water, with the Atlantic Ocean on its west, the North Sea on its north, the English Channel to the south and the Irish Sea to the west. The Irish

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United States

The USA is a country located in North America. Its official name is the United States of America, or it also known as simply the United States. The country has a population of over 325 million, making it the third most populous in the world. In terms of area, it is over 3 million square miles and is the third largest by area. While there is no official language, over 70% of people in the USA practice some form of Christianity. The country has a federal presidential constitutional republic govern

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Vatican City

Vatican City is an independent city-state surrounded by Rome and is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. It is home to the Pope, who is the ex officio Head of State. Vatican City is known for its spectacular art and iconic architecture, which includes ancient Roman sculptures such as 'Laocoön and His Sons', St. Peter's Basilica and the Sistine Chapel, with its famous ceiling painted by Michelangelo. Vatican City is the smallest state in the world by both area and population, with an ar

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Venezuela

Venezuela is located in northern South America on the coast. It is the 33rd largest country in the world with a total area of 353,841 square miles (916,445 square kilometers). The population of Venezuela is 28.9 million, while its capital city of Caracas is home to 1.9 million people. The country’s official language is Spanish. It does not have an official religion, however like most other South American nations; the majority of the country follows the Roman Catholic religion. Venezuela’s flag i

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Vietnam

Vietnam is a country located in Southeast China. Its official name is the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The country has a population of 92,700,000, which makes it the 14th largest country in the world by population. In terms of area, the country is 128,455 square miles and is the 65th largest country in the world by area. The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi. The largest city in the country is Ho Chi Minh City. The official and national language is Vietnamese. Over 86% of people who live in Vietnam

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