Fascinating Facts about Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South and Central Asia. The country is the 42nd most populous in the world with a population of 33,000,000. The country covers 252,000 square miles and is the 41st largest country in the world by area. The primary religion in the region is Islam. The country has a unitary presidential Islamic republic government with a president and chief executive officer. The capital is Kabul, which is also the country’s largest city. The currency of the country is the Afghani. The nation’s flag features stripes in the colors of black, red, and green, with the country’s coat of arms prominently featured in the center.

Afghanistan Facts

1
The GDP of Afghanistan is $19.02 billion.
2
The nominal GDP per capital is $2,000.
3
Fifty-six percent of the country’s GDP comes from services. Agriculture accounts for 22% of the GDP.
4
At 250,000 square miles, Afghanistan is roughly the size of the state of Texas.
5
Fifteen percent of the population were married by the age of 15, according to UNICEF data.
6
About 33% of the population marries by the age of 18.
7
Thirty-six percent of Afghanistan’s population live below the federal poverty line.
8
Sometimes, the people of Afghanistan are mistakenly called Afghanis. This is actually the country’s currency. The people of Afghanistan are known as Afghans.
9
Buzkashi is the national game of Afghanistan. This challenging game requires players to catch a goat while riding a horse.
10
The caves of Bamiyan in Afghanistan were home to the world’s first oil paintings.
11
Dari and Pushtu are the official languages of Afghanistan, but Turkish dialects are also spoken in some regions.
12
The most common foreign language spoken in the country is English.
13
There are at least 14 tribes found in Afghanistan.
14
The official religion of Afghanistan is Islam. Ninety-nine percent of Afghans practice Islam.
15
Since most Afghans are Muslims, they don’t eat pork or drink alcohol.
16
The new year in Afghanistan is celebrated on March 21, which is the first day of spring.
17
The percentage of Afghans that have access to electricity is one of the lowest in the world.
18
Even though electricity may be scarce, 18 million Afghans own and use mobile phones.
19
Poetry is a big part of Afghanistan’s culture and has been a part of its history for over 1,000 years.
20
Afghanistan was first settled over 9,000 years ago.
21
Many shops and businesses are closed on Friday, which is considered a holy day in Afghanistan.
22
Fasting and praying is mandatory during Ramadan. Some exceptions are for foreigners, people who are sick, and people who are traveling.
23
Even though foreigners do not have to fast during Ramadan, they are still forbidden from eating, drinking, chewing gum, and smoking in public.
24
During Ramadan, the work day is reduced to six hours.
25
Family is very important to Afghans. After marriage, a son and his wife traditionally stay in the family home, in a separate room.
26
Afghan women are expected to dress modestly. Revealing clothing should not be worn, and most women wear headscarves.
27
While handshakes are a common greeting, it is rare and unusual for men and women to shake hands with each other.
28
In Afghanistan, men and women also avoid eye contact as much as possible.
29
Kandahar airfield in Afghanistan is believed to be the busiest single runway airstrip in the world.
30
Arranged marriages are common in Afghanistan, and factors including wealth, status, and tribe are taken into consideration when making a pairing.
31
Defending a person’s honor is a cause for violence in Afghanistan. It is not uncommon for someone to retaliate when they or their family has been dishonored.
32
Just under 12% of Afghanistan’s land is arable.
33
Each year, Afghanistan sees over 300 days of sunshine
34
The world’s two largest Buddha statues once stood in Afghanistan. However, they were destroyed by the Taliban in 2001.
35
In the Afghan city of Herat, Thursday nights are poetry nights, where men, women, and children gather to recite and listen to poetry.
36
Afghanistan is a landlocked country that shares its borders with six other countries.
37
Popular Afghan dishes include a steamed dumpling known as manti, and rice cooked in broth that is called palao.
38
Snow leopard, red flying squirrel, corsac fox, and desert hedgehog are just some of the animals that call Afghanistan home.
39
Afghan rugs are a popular export that are found in homes around the world.
40
Hamid Karzai was the country’s first democratically elected president. He was voted into office in 2004.
41
The country is the world’s largest supplier of opium.
42
Afghanistan is attempting to rebuild its economy following years of instability and invasions.
43
At least 9 million people in the country are unable to read and write, making Afghanistan one of the most illiterate countries in the world.
44
UNICEF data show that about 25% of children are involved in child labor, primarily because of the high rates of poverty.
45
Under the Taliban’s rule, girls and women were not allowed to attend school in Afghanistan.
46
About half of the country’s residents have access to the internet.
47
The Hindu Kush is the tallest mountain in the country, and it measures in at over 18,000 feet.
48
Modern Afghanistan was founded in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani.
49
Meals in Afghanistan are served with naan, an unleavened, flat bread
50
Afghans drive on the right side of the road.

Afghanistan is a country that has a much different culture from other countries around the world. However, the Afghans have a rich culture rooted in deep religious beliefs and a loyalty to family.

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