50 Fascinating Facts about Brazil

Brazil is the largest country in South America and is the world's fifth largest country. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, by Venezuela, Guyanna, Suriname and French Guiana in the north, by Bolivia and Peru in the west and by Uruguay in the south. It has a large coastline of over 7400 kilometers, which allows it to have a bustling tourism economy due to its numerous beaches. The country has a total population of 193 million people, and its capital city of Brasilia is home to 2.6 million people. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, and even though it isn’t an official language, most people also know Brazilian Sign Language because it is taught in schools. The country does not have an official religion but most of its people follow the Roman Catholic faith. Brazil also has many Protestant followers. The flag of Brazil is predominantly green with a yellow rhombus in the middle. Inside the rhombus is a blue disc with stars and the national motto inscribed on it. The country's primary currency is the Brazilian Real which has been used in the country since 1994.

Brazil Facts

1
Brazil runs under a federal presidential constitutional republic and have had their current constitution since 1988.
2
The nominal GDP of Brazil is 2.4 trillion dollars, making it the seventh largest in the world, while its per capita nominal GDP is $12,079, the 58th largest in the world.
3
One aspect of Brazil's economy today is their manufacturing of commercial jets. They are the third largest commercial jet manufacturer in the world.
4
In the next few decades it has been predicted that Brazil will have one of the fifth largest economies in the world if it keeps growing at the rate it is now.
5
Brazil's unemployment rate is 6.2%.
6
Brazil's main exports include agriculture and mining products. They also are active in manufacturing and many service sectors.
7
Over the past decade Brazil has expanded its economy into the commodities markets and exports a variety of commodities including vehicles, textiles, footwear, steel, coffee and soybeans.
8
When Brazil began using the Real as their currency, they pegged it to the U.S. dollar; however after a major financial crisis in East Asia and a few financial pitfalls around the world, Brazil changed their currency to free-floating in 1999.
9
Brazil received its name from the tree brazilwood, which is abundant in the country.
10
Brazil was under the rule of Portugal from 1500 to 1822, which is why Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, not Spanish.
11
Brazil encompasses large amounts of land, and shares borders with every country in South America except for Chile and Ecuador.
12
The Amazon River flows through a large portion of the country.
13
Brazil is home to approximately 2500 airports.
14
Futbol (soccer) is a huge sport in Brazil. Each year they send a team to the world cup, and the country's team has won five times.
15
You can often find people who speak English, German or French in Brazil because a second language is normally taught to children in school.
16
Carnaval is the most internationally recognized festival that Brazil has. It occurs each year before Lent, and involves massive parades, balls and parties. The event is so large, that many tourists flock to the country each year just to attend Carnaval.
17
In Rio de Janeiro Reveillon occurs each New Year's. It begins early in the day, when restaurants offer guests brunch buffets and ends around midnight with everyone joining together on the beach to watch the midnight fireworks that signify the New Year.
18
Besides futbol, many Brazilians either partake in or love watching Capoeira. Capoeira is a form of martial arts that originated within African slaves. It is an artistic sport that resembles dance, and is a favorite pastime of many Brazilians.
19
Catholicism is a primary religion in the country, and many Catholics celebrate religious festivals each year. Candomble is another religion that is popular is certain regions of the country. One major Candomble tradition is to celebrate Boa Morte. The phrase translates into beautiful death, and the celebration involves dancing and playing samba music in the streets.
20
Every time a child loses a tooth the mother throws the tooth outside for birds, and says a little rhyme. Birds will only take clean teeth, and then the child receives a prize. If the tooth is not taken, then it means it is too dirty, which gets the child to brush their teeth more often.
21
Brazilians are very fashion conscious. They often travel to European cities to shop, or buy clothes online from France and Italy.
22
Brazil has numerous different types of flowers growing on its lands. It is known as having the largest collection of exotic flowers in the world.
23
170 different groups of Indigenous people live around the Amazon River in Brazil. The country is home to 225 groups total.
24
Same-sex marriage is legal in Brazil.
25
Portuguese is not just the official language of Brazil, but it is also not spoken in any other country in South America.
26
Rainforests cover over 60% of Brazil, or almost 2 million square miles. It is home to one-third of the world's rainforests, including over half of the Amazon.
27
In 2007, it was made into law that sexual reassignment surgeries were to be made free under Brazil's public healthcare system.
28
Brazil is home to over 60 national parks, and it also has over 200 conservation areas.
29
Brazil was once connected to West Africa. However, the two areas moved apart due to movements of the earth's plates.
30
Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world and has held this position for over 150 years.
31
By 1985, 92% of vehicles sold in the country were made to run using E100 ethanol fuel.
32
In 2002, Brazil became the first country in the world to ban the use of tanning beds for cosmetic purposes.
33
In 1808, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Portugal -- and the first European capital to be located outside of Europe.
34
The oldest pottery in the Western Hemisphere was found in the Amazon Basin region of Brazil. It was dated to be approximately 8,000 years old.
35
The national drink of the country is the caipirinha, which is made up of sugarcane liquor, ice, sugar, and crushed limes.
36
There is meaning behind Brazil's flag. The green color is a representation of the country's forests, while the yellow represents mineral wealth, and the blue circle and stars represents the sky on the evening the country declared itself a republic.
37
Brazil's Royal Library, which has about 60,000 books, was opened to the public in 1810.
38
Samba music originated in Brazil during the 19th Century. It was a combination of European-stylized music and tones sung by slaves.
39
The 2016 Summer Games held in Rio de Janeiro were the first to be held in South America.
40
Voting in Brazil is mandatory. Those who do not vote must make an appearance at the voting office to present his or her reason for not voting, as well as pay a small fine. If the fine is not paid, other penalties may apply.
41
The minimum age for voting in Brazil is just 16 years old.
42
About 54% of Brazil's population is of European descent.
43
Over 40% of the country's population lives in the Southeast region of the country, which includes the cities of Rio de Jeneiro and Sao Paulo.
44
Tumucumaque National Park in Brazil is the largest tropical forest park in the world.
45
Only 43% of adults in Brazil have their high school diploma.
46
There is a replica of the Statue of Liberty erected in Brazil. It is located in Bangu, a neighborhood in Rio de Jeneiro.
47
A prison in Santa Rita do Sapucai allows prisoners to reduce their sentences by pedddling specialized exercise bikes attached to car batteries. These batteries are used to power street lights.
48
Brazil is home to about half of South America's population. It is also close to half the size of the entire continent.
49
Approximately 4 million slaves were brought from Africa to Brazil. Because of this, over 44 percent of Brazil's population is comprised of black or mixed race individuals.
50
Brazil has the 16th longest national coastline in the world.

Brazil is a thriving country that has gone through many hardships to become the country it is today. After receiving its independence from Portugal in 1822, it has grown its economy and population. Today, the country has the seventh largest economy in the world and is constantly growing. The Brazilian way of life is very relaxed and friendly. Family life is important as well, and most families live in close proximity to each other so that they can all take care of each other as they grow older.

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