50 Fascinating Facts about Hong Kong

Hong Kong is an autonomous territory in southeastern China. It is a vibrant urban center, a major port and global financial hub, and a very popular tourist destination. Formerly a colony of the British Empire, with the exception of the Second World War, Hong Kong remained under British control until 1997, when it was returned to China (effectively ending the British empire, as Hong Kong was the last major British colony). It is now a special administrative region that maintains a separate political and economic system from mainland China. Hong Kong is among the most densely populated regions in the world, with a total population of almost 7.5 million people occupying 426 square miles. The flag of Hong Kong features a beautiful five-petal Hong Kong orchid tree flower against a red background – a nod to the significance of the color red in Chinese culture.

Hong Kong Facts

1
Hong Kongs official title is, the Special Administrative Region of The People’s Republic of China
2
Hong Kong is located on the South Coast of China
3
Hong Kong is not classed as a country but as a special region of China
4
It is composed of more than 200 islands, some of which are uninhabited, others are unreachable even.
5
The currency is the Hong Kong Dollar
6
Hong Kong translates as fragrant harbour
7
The population in Hong Kong is 7,409,800 people
8
40% of the country consists of country parks
9
It is thought to be the fourth most over populated region in the world
10
The official languages in Hong Kong, are Chinese and English
11
Hong Kong was occupied by Britain from 1842 – 1997
12
The flag of Hong Kong was adopted on 4th April 1990 and contains the national flower, the orchid tree flower, also known as the Bauhinia Blakeana
13
Hong Kong has the highest IQ average of 107, anywhere on earth.
14
The education system in Hong Kong is largely based on the UK education system
15
It has the 35th largest economy in the world
16
Hong Kong is home to the world’s longest outdoor escalator
17
The Hong Kong peak tram was the first tram in Asia, created in 1888 and is still working today
18
The number four is considered unlucky in Hong Kong and the word four sounds like the Chinese word for death
19
Hong Kong is known to be the world’s most expensive place to buy a home
20
Seawater is used to flush the toilets
21
Hong Kong is home to the Tsing Ma Bridge, which is the largest road and rail suspension bridge in the whole world
22
The bridge was built to connect the urbanised areas, to the largest island of Lantau, as it was only accessible by water
23
The bridge took 5 years to build
24
Hong Kong houses the eighth busiest airport in the world
25
Hong Kong has 1,223 skyscrapers, 36 of which are classified as the worlds’ 100 tallest buildings
26
The skyline in Hong Kong is known to be one of the best
27
The oldest remaining structure is the Railway Clock Tower in Tsim Sha Tsui
28
Another famous landmark in Hong Kong, and one of the world’s largest Buddhas, is the Tian Tan Buddha, also referred to as Big Buddha which is 34 metres
29
It took three years to build the statue and it is supposed to represent harmony between man and nature, people and faith
30
Due to the high population and over-crowding, burials are exhumed after 6 years
31
Hong Kong is known for its organised and sophisticated transport system. The most common form of transport was the ferry
32
The star ferry began in 1888 and it has proved to be the most popular and convenient way to travel through Hong Kong
33
In Hong Kong, 90% of the daily journeys are made through public transport
34
The Octopus Card was launched in 1997 and is a contactless smart payment card, which is accepted on all public transport and is used to make payments in shops too
35
Hong Kong is known as Gourmet Paradise
36
One of the most popular dishes in Hong Kong is the Poon Choi, which is a dish made with 10 different ingredients, that is served in one pot
37
It normally takes three days to prepare and cook Poon Choi and it is often served during religious rituals, festivals, special occasions or weddings. If It isn’t served at a wedding, this could signify that the village does not approve of the marriage
38
Another famous dish in Hong Kong is Sweet and sour pork
39
9.8 million kilograms of tea is consumed yearly, which is triple the figure of the world’s average of tea consumption
40
It is tradition to serve Dim Sum with tea, which is a range of different foods served on small wooden platters
41
Dim Sum translates as touch the heart and was originally created as snack food for travellers
42
In Hong Kong, there is one restaurant for every 600 people, which makes it the busiest country in the world for cafes and restaurants
43
Hong Kong has the highest annual incomes in the world
44
It also has the world’s longest life expectancy
45
There are more Rolls Royce per person in Hong Kong than anywhere else in the world
46
Mahjong is a very popular game and social activity in Hong Kong that is taken very seriously
47
Hong Kong hosts the largest rugby tournament in the world, which is known as the The Hong Kong Sevens
48
It is a popular belief and superstition, that eating noodles on your birthday boosts long life and blessings
49
The Cheung Chau Bun Festival, marks the eighth day of the fourth month in the Chinese calendar, and is celebrated as the tradition of keeping hungry ghosts residing on the island content
50
Hong Kong was the first country that launched a McDonalds wedding party service, and they are now known to offer wedding packages including balloon wedding dress, balloon rings, Mcdonalds fries photo frame, Bridegroom’s wedding hat, gifts for guests, as well as plenty more decorations and gifts for you wedding

Hong Kong is a world-class city in many respects: it is a significant global financial center, has the highest Financial Development Index score in the world and consistently ranks as the most competitive economic area in the world. It is the world's seventh-largest trading entity and its legal tender, the Hong Kong dollar, is the thirteenth-most traded currency. However, although the city boasts one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it also suffers from severe income inequality, with many people living in poverty. Nevertheless, Hong Kong has a high Human Development Index ranking and the world's longest life expectancy at 87 years for women and 81 years for men (numbers largely attributed to low rates of smoking).

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