50 Fascinating Facts about Mexico

Mexico is located in North America, directly south of the United States. Its official name is the United Mexican States. Mexico not only borders the United States, but it also shares borders on the east by Guatemala, Belize and the Gulf of Mexico. Its home to over 113 million people, making it the 11th most populous country in the world, though, it is the 5th largest country in the world by land mass. The capital is Mexico City, and it is home to 8.85 million inhabitants. The country is comprised of thirty-one states and one Federal District. It follows a federal constitutional republic government, and elects a President each year. The official language is Spanish, but over 60 languages are still spoken in the country today. Most of these are indigenous languages, and are only spoken by 6% of the population. Mexico does not have an official religion, and all of its citizens have a right to religious freedom. The currency used in Mexico is the peso. Its flag is a horizontal flag with three vertical stripes. The stripes are green, white and red, and in the middle of the white stripe lays Mexico’s coat of arms.

Mexico Facts

1
The nominal GDP of Mexico is $1.177 trillion, making it the 14th richest country in the world. Its nominal per capita GDP is $10,247, which is the 66th highest in the world.
2
Mexico follows a federal presidential constitutional republic, electing a President each term along with a President of the Senate, President of the Chamber of Deputies, Supreme Court President and Secretary of the Interior.
3
Mexico has trade agreements with 40 countries, including the United States and many countries in the European Union.
4
Mexico’s main exports include manufactured goods, oil, silver and food products. Its main imports include agricultural machinery, car parts, aircraft parts and electrical equipment.
5
The country imports 48% of its goods from the United States and is a part of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
6
Mexico’s history has been filled with economic instability, however today it is considered a regional and middle power. It is known as a newly industrious country and is slowly finding its place in the world’s economy.
7
Mexico City sinks between 0.2 and 1.3 feet each year. The country is slowly sinking into the ocean, due to over extraction of ground water throughout the country.
8
Stone tools were recently found in parts of the country that suggest that a civilization thrived approximately 23,000 years ago.
9
Mexico is the most populous Spanish speaking country in the world.
10
Mexican foods encompass a wide variety of spices and herbs. Common foods that can be found in the country include burritos, enchiladas and tacos.
11
Soccer is extremely popular in Mexico. The country even hosted the World Cup in 1970 and 1986.
12
A 95 mile long river flows underground beneath Mexico. The river flows through limestone caves and crevices that are below the Yucatan Peninsula.
13
Cinco de Mayo, or the fifth of May, is an American born holiday that is celebrated in parts of Mexico. It is considered a minor holiday, but it does celebrate the Mexican army’s victor over France during the 1862 Battle of Puebla in the Franco-Mexican War.
14
Dia de los Muertos is a traditional Mexican holiday that celebrates and honors family and friends who have passed away. It is a national holiday, and people build altars to honor their friends and relatives and make sugar skulls and traditional foods to celebrate their passed relatives’ and friends’ lives. Celebrations are fun, upbeat and full of colors.
15
Gifts are not given on Christmas in Mexico. Instead, presents are handed out on January 6th, which is the day that Mexicans celebrate the arrival of the Three Wise Men.
16
Independence Day is celebrated on September 15th and 16th. It marks the day when Mexico gained Independence from Spain in 1810.
17
The country will fine anyone who sings the national anthem incorrectly in public. Fines can also be given to people to display the flag or the national seal incorrectly. The Mexican government treats each case individually based on the offender’s financial situation; however fines can reach up to $880 US dollars.
18
100% of indigenous Mexican people do not have wisdom teeth. They almost never appear, and are considered very rare if an indigenous Mexican grows any, they simply don’t have the genes in their DNA that codes for wisdom teeth.
19
Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec nation, was located in present day Mexico. At its peak, it was the largest city in the world with over 200,000 inhabitants.
20
Mexico is the origin of chocolate, chilies and corn.
21
In 1551 Charles V of Spain founded the National University of Mexico. It is known as the oldest university in North America.
22
Monarch butterflies migrate to Mexico each winter from Canada and the United States.
23
About 30% of Mexico's population is Indian. In the southeast, Indian languages are spoken.
24
Mexico has an abundance of natural materials including silver, sulfur, lead, zinc, and copper.
25
Many Mexicans try to cross the border to get jobs in the United States. It is estimated that there are about five million illegal Mexican immigrants in the US.
26
Mexico has been recently experiencing a declining birth rate, which has helped aid in slowing the population growth of the country.
27
The Olmecs, the first society of Mexico, inhabited the land around 1200 B.C.
28
Mexico was ruled by the Spanish until 1821.
29
82.7% of the population identifies their religion as Roman Catholicism.
30
The literacy rate is over 95%.
31
Mexico is the third largest country in Latin America.
32
The jaguar is the largest North American wildcat, and these animals can be found in Mexico.
33
The border between Mexico and the United States is the second longest in the world. It is only second to the border between Canada and the US.
34
Mexico's official name is Estados Unidos Mexicanos, or United Mexican States.
35
Mexico City is the oldest city in North America.
36
Mexico has the second highest number of Catholic citizens. The highest number resides in Brazil.
37
The country is located in the Ring of Fire, a group of volcanoes that are the mot deadliest in the entire world.
38
The world's largest pyramid is located in Mexico.
39
The volcano rabbit is a very rare type of rabbit, and it can be found living near volcanoes in Mexico.
40
The 34th President of Mexico resigned after just one hour on the job.
41
Mexico City has the largest fleet of taxis in the world.
42
About 90% of Mexico's firearms are smuggled in from the United States.
43
The national symbol of Mexico is a golden eagle.
44
Mexico has hosted the World Cup twice: once in 1970 and again in 1986.
45
The world's smallest volcano is located outside of Puebla. It stands just 43 feet tall.
46
Mexico City is bigger than New York City.
47
The government passed a law in 2014 that provides federal protection against space threats, especially meteorites.
48
Mexico City is considered to be the most traffic-congested city in the entire world.
49
Mexico is the world's largest producer of silver.
50
Mexico City has 160 museums, the second highest number in the world, falling short only to London.

Mexico has had a tumultuous past that involved wars for their independence and a highly volatile economy. Today, the country has bounced back and since gaining its independence from Spain in 1810 the country has steadily grown to be an emerging force in the world’s economy. Mexico has a unique and colorful culture that thrives through hard work, perseverance and keeping families and friends close. Today the country is an industrialized country that is slowly rising in the ranks of the economic world.

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