50 Fascinating Facts about Nepal

Nepal is a country located in South Asia. This landlocked country is officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Nepal has a federal parliamentary republic government. It was declared a republic in May 2008. With a total area measuring over 56,000 square miles, it is the 95th largest country in the world. The country has a population that exceeds 29 million people. Kathmandu is the country’s capital city, and it has 1,400,000 people living within its city limits. The urban area surrounding Kathmandu has a population of around 2,500,000. Nepal’s currency is the Nepalese Rupee. It has a unique flag that is the only non-quadrilateral shaped flag in the world. The colors of the flag are red white and blue: red for victory in war, blue for peace.

Nepal Facts

1
The GDP of Nepal is $20.88 billion.
2
The nominal GDP per capita is $2,500.
3
54% of the GDP comes from services, including tourism and textiles.
4
32% of the country’s GDP comes from agriculture.
5
Rice, corn, wheat, and sugarcane are among the chief crops of Nepal.
6
Nepal’s constitutional monarchy ended in June 2008 following the abdication of the throne by King Gyanendra.
7
Twenty years of political turmoil led to the fall of the constitutional monarchy. This includes a violent Maoist insurgency that lasted for almost 10 years.
8
Most people in Nepal live in the central region.
9
Cows are considered sacred and for that reason, many Nepalis do not consume beef.
10
Because they are considered to be sacred, the country has made it illegal to slaughter cows.
11
Though they don’t eat beef, there are plenty of other options when it comes to Nepal’s cuisine. This cuisine is heavily influenced by India and Tibet, and recipe staples include rice and vegetables.
12
Something that is touched by another person’s mouth is considered unclean. This includes food.
13
However, cow dung is considered pure in Nepal, and it is used for cleansing purposes.
14
Arranged marriages are common in Nepal. Nepalis commonly only marry within their own caste.
15
In 2015, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 hit the country. Over 6,000 people died, while more than 13,000 were injured.
16
Lumbini is thought to be the birthplace of Buddha.
17
Nepal has a non-rectangular flag. Its flag is made of two triangles stacked atop one another. The upper triangle represents the moon, while the lower triangle represents the sun.
18
Kumari is the only living goddess in the world, and she resides in Nepal.
19
The Himalayan yeti has reportedly been spotted multiple times in the Nepalese Himalayas.
20
The altitude of the country varies from 59 meters all the way up to 8,848 meters.
21
The highest lake on earth, Tilicho, is 4,800 meters. It is located in this country.
22
Eighty-one percent of the country practices Hinduism, giving Nepal the largest population of Hindus in the world.
23
Indians can travel to Nepal without needing a passport as long as they have identification showing that they reside in India.
24
Nepal’s constitution has only been around since 2015.
25
Even though Nepal has had the internet since 2004, its connections are some of the slowest in the world.
26
Nepal was never colonized. Because of that, the country also does not have an independence day.
27
Saturday is considered the only weekend day in Nepal. Most people work on Sundays, although some only work half a day on Friday.
28
North Nepal is home to eight of the ten tallest mountains in the world, including the world’s tallest mountain, Mount Everest.
29
Residents call Mount Everest “Sagarmatha.” This translates to mean “goddess of the sky.”
30
Over 360 species of orchids can be found in this country.
31
The densest concentration of World Heritage sites is in Nepal.
32
Nepali is the official language of Nepal, although many languages and dialects are spoken throughout the country. This includes Kiranti, Sherpa, and Limbu. A total of 123 languages are spoken in Nepal.
33
Over 80 ethnic groups reside in Nepal, making it a very diverse country.
34
Touching anything with your feet is considered to be unclean in Nepal. Stepping over someone or something is seen as disrespectful.
35
Instead of greeting each other with a handshake, residents put their palms together, bow their head, and say “Namaste.”
36
Free primary education has been available in Nepal since 1975. Primary school in the country lasts for five years.
37
After finishing primary school, students can opt to go to technical schools for ten years or a secondary school for about seven years.
38
Tourism is a huge industry for Nepal. In 2003, about 25% of the over 300,000 tourists were from India.
39
As electricity use in the country increases, most people have to deal with daily power outages.
40
Approximately half of the country’s population lives on just one dollar per day.
41
The head is considered the most sacred part of the body, so touching other people’s heads is a no-no.
42
The snow leopard, red panda and Bengal tiger are endangered species that live in Nepal.
43
The world’s shortest man comes from Nepal. He measures in at just 54.6 centimeters.
44
Nepal has never won a medal in the Olympics.
45
One of the most popular fast food items in Nepal is the momo, which is a type of dumpling.
46
The left hand is not used for eating in Nepal. Only the right hand can be used for eating.
47
Nepal is the world’s largest producer of mustard seeds.
48
Nepal is also the third largest producer of ginger.
49
Over three-quarters of women and over half of men in Nepal have never consumed alcohol.
50
Volleyball is Nepal’s national sport.

Some of the most beautiful sights in the world can be spotted in Nepal. From the towering Mount Everest to the amazing orchids that are unlike any other ever seen, to the unique meals and strong culture, Nepal truly is a country that is one-of-a-kind.

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