50 Fascinating Facts about Nicaragua

Nicaragua is located on the Central America isthmus directly between Honduras and Costa Rica. On its west is the Pacific Ocean, while the Caribbean Sea borders the country to the east. Nicaragua has a total area of 50,193 square miles (130,375 square kilometers). The <a href='http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/nicaragua-population/'>population of Nicaragua</a> is estimated at 6.15 million people as of 2016, while its capital city of Managua is home to 927,087 people. The country’s official language is Spanish, but it also recognizes English, Miskito, Rama, Sumo, Miskito Coastal Creole, Garifuna and Rama Cay Creole as spoken languages. The Nicaraguan flag is very simple, and contains two blue stripes that hug a single white stripe. In the middle of the white stripe is the country’s coat of arms. Religious freedom is a significant part of the Nicaraguan culture, and therefore the country does not have an official religion. Roman Catholicism is widely practiced though. The country’s currency is the Cordoba, which has been in use since 1912.

Nicaragua Facts

1
Nicaragua runs under a unitary presidential constitutional republic, and has had their current constitution since 1987.
2
The total nominal GDP of Nicaragua is $10.5 billion, while its nominal per capita GDP is $1,756.
3
Agriculture is responsible for 17% of Nicaragua's GDP, which is the highest percentage in all of Central America.
4
Another 15% of their GDP is due to remittances from Nicaraguans living abroad.
5
Nicaragua's main exports include meat, cheese, sugar cane, textiles, and coffee. Their main imports are medicines, yarn, oils, and cars.
6
Even though their nominal GDP is high, over 75% of the country's people live on less than $2 per day, and 48% of the citizens live under the poverty line.
7
Tourism is huge in Nicaragua. Each year for the past decade, tourism has grown at least 10% annually. Tourists enjoy the beaches, the beautiful city architecture and the nature in Nicaragua.
8
The oldest city in Central America is Ruins of Leon Viejo, Nicaragua which is over 1500 years old.
9
Lake Nicaragua is the largest lake in Central America. Today, it is used as a water supply for many parts of the country, and is a huge tourist attraction.
10
The infamous Dual Volcano is located in Nicaragua. It is the only volcano in the world that is fed by two different magma flows, meaning that it can erupt with two types of magma channels.
11
Out of a total of 88 constellations found in the night sky, 86 of them can be seen clearly in Nicaragua.
12
Nicaraguan culture has many influences from their European, African and Caribbean roots.
13
The Pacific coastal region of Nicaragua celebrates many religious festivals, and utilizes music and dance to celebrate.
14
The Caribbean coast of the country was once ruled by Great Britain, and therefore they speak English and have traditions similar to what you could find in Great Britain.
15
Nicaraguan food is a mixture of Creole and Caribbean food. Nicaraguans incorporate fresh and locally grown food into their dishes, and often cook a lot of corn, seafood, rice, beans and peppers.
16
Baseball is played by almost every culture in Nicaragua. It is a favorite pastime of many citizens, and their professional baseball league thrives. Families enjoy going to baseball games and spending time together during the weekends.
17
The only freshwater sharks known in the world can be found in Lake Nicaragua.
18
There are no street names in Nicaragua. A person's address is given by whatever major landmarks they live near.
19
There are 70 protected regions of land and water in Nicaragua, which aid in saving many rare endangered species found in the country. These species include various monkeys, sloths, sea turtles and boa constrictors.
20
The name Nicaragua comes from the words nicarao and agua. Nicarao Indians were the first Indian tribes to occupy Lake Nicaragua, and the world agua means water in Spanish. When the Spaniards arrived in the country in the 1500s, they named it after the people they met and the vast amount of water in and around the country.
21
Nicaragua is considered the safest Central American country to travel to. They consistently have had less crime than any of their fellow countries in the region.
22
In terms of area, Nicaragua is just slightly larger than the state of New York.
23
Nicarguans use steam from the country's volcanoes as geothermal energy.
24
The country's Mosquito Coast receives the most rainfall in all of Central America. The region can receive up to 250 inches of rainfall per year.
25
Volcanoes, earthquakes, and hurricanes are constant threats to this Central American country.
26
The president and vice president of Nicaragua serve a five-year term.
27
Nicaragua is considered the poorest country in Central America and has high rates of poverty and unemployment.
28
Spain ruled the country from the 16th century through the 19th century.
29
In 1821, the country gained its independence from Spain and became a part of the Mexican empire.
30
Gold cordoba is the official currency of Nicaragua.
31
Managua is the capital, and in addition to being the country's largest city, it is one of the most populous cities in Central America.
32
Spanish is the country's official language. English and indigenous languages are spoken in areas along the Caribbean and in the Atlantic coastal plain.
33
Over 50% of the population cite their religion as Roman Catholicsm.
34
The literacy rate in Nicaragua is over 82%.
35
Over half of the country is mestizo, a combination of Amerindian and white.
36
The country is not divided into states or provinces, but is divided into 15 departamentos.
37
Nicaragua is divided into three regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the Atlantic Lowlands, and the North-Central Highlands.
38
There are over 400 volcanoes found in Lake Nicaragua.
39
Mayans and Aztecs are believed to be the earliest inhabitants of Nicaragua.
40
William Walker from Tennessee seized control of the country in 1856, wanting to turn it into a slave country for the U.S.
41
Violeta Chamorro was elected as president in 1990. She was the first female president in Nicaragua, as well as Central America.
42
An earthquake hit Managua in 1972 and killed over 19,000 people. It also destroyed about 90% of the city's downtown area.
43
Hurricane Mitch in 1998 displaced over two million people and killed around 3,000.
44
The sister cities of Managua are Los Angeles and Miami.
45
Though the majority of Nicaraguans are Roman Catholic, the country has no official religion.
46
Nicaragua has one of the youngest populations in the world. The median age for the country is 21 years old.
47
The Palo de Mayo is a folk dance performed in Nicaragua. Dancing is a big part of celebrations and holidays in this country.
48
Each city has a patron saint (or Santo Patrono) and they celebrate with festivals, as well as giving gifts to the saints in exchange for blessings.
49
Only 29% of Nicaraguan children finish the mandated six years of schooling.
50
Poetry is one of the most beloved and practiced arts in this country.

Nicaragua is a beautiful country that attracts tourists all year round. Its tropical climate and biodiversity is enough to make anyone want to visit. The country is thriving, and has a high nominal GDP, however much of the country still lives in poverty as well due to numerous rural areas and lack of jobs. Nicaraguans are very family oriented, and often live in close proximities to their families in order to spend time with them, and help each other out. Many tourists who visit will notice the great hospitality and kindness that Nicaraguans cherish.

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