50 Fascinating Facts about Poland

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. The country is the sixth most populous state in the European Union, with a population of over 38 million. The country, in terms of population, is the 34th largest in the world. In terms of area, Poland is 120,726 square miles, making it the 69th largest country by area. Over 94% of people that live in Poland are Polish. The capital of Poland is Warsaw, which is also the country’s biggest city. The country has a unitary parliamentary republic government. The country’s currency is the Polish Zloty. Poland’s flag has a simple design – one white stripe atop one red stripe.

Poland Facts

1
Poland has a GDP of $474.8 billion.
2
The nominal GDP per capital of Poland is $27,700, according to estimates from 2016.
3
About 90% of the Polish population identify as Roman Catholic.
4
Germany invaded Poland in 1939, and Poland was the site of the Auschwitz concentration camp.
5
Germany’s invasion of Poland marked the beginning of World War II.
6
Poland joined NATO in 1999.
7
The white-tailed eagle is Poland’s national symbol.
8
Polish is the country’s official language and is spoken by over 40 million people throughout the country. Polish is considered to be one of the most difficult languages to learn by non-native speakers.
9
Poland was under communist rule for many years before becoming a multi-party democracy in 1989.
10
Poland celebrates its independence day on November 11.
11
Poland is home to more winners of the World’s Strongest Man title than any other country in the world.
12
There are over 2,000 lakes located throughout Poland.
13
Mielno is a popular resort area in Poland that attracts many people to its beaches, restaurants, and attractions June through August.
14
The first record of a ruler of Poland was Mieszko in A.D. 963.
15
The tallest structure in the world was Warsaw Radio Mast before it was torn down in 1991. It stood at 2,121 feet.
16
The Wieliczka Salt Mine was built in the 13th century and is one of the world’s oldest salt mines.
17
There are 32 letters in the Polish alphabet.
18
The oldest restaurant in Europe is located in Poland. Piwnica Swidnicka has been open since 1275.
19
Pizza is available in Poland, but it’s not the type of pizza that most people think about. Instead, it is a type of street food that consists of a baguette covered in ketchup, mushrooms, and melted cheese.
20
Poles peel bananas from the blossom end, opposite the stem.
21
Poland is known for its vodka, which it has produced for over 500 years.
22
The earliest maps of the moon were published by Johannes Hevelius, who was from Poland.
23
A total of 17 Nobel Peace Prizes have been awarded to Poles.
24
The first democratically elected president in Poland was Gabriel Narutowicz, who was elected in 1922.
25
Poland is the 9th largest country in Europe.
26
Ninety percent of Poles have at least completed their secondary education.
27
In Poland, the first floor is marked as “0” on an elevator. Pressing “1” will take riders to the second floor.
28
Poland had the world’s second Constitution. It was also the first Constitution of a European country.
29
Foreign movies that are aired on Polish TV have voiceovers performed by one person. One man does all of the voiceovers, even those of women and children.
30
Maksymilian Faktorowicz hails from Poland and is known for inventing the Max Factor line of cosmetics.
31
Poland exports more amber than any other country in the world.
32
Poland shares its border with seven other countries: Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, Germany, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, and Russia.
33
Poland is home to 14 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
34
Over 30% of Poland’s land is covered in forests, and it is the fourth most forested country in Europe.
35
Football, or soccer as it is known in the United States, is the country’s most popular sport.
36
Over 50,000 Poles gave their lives to save over 450,000 Jewish people – the most of any other country.
37
Marzanna Day is used to celebrate the end of winter. A straw doll representing the season is thrown into a body of water, “killing” the cold and welcoming in spring.
38
Poland is mainly comprised of lush countryside, but it does have a desert, the Bledow Desert.
39
A total of 24 national parks are located in Poland. There are over 1,200 natural reserves in the country.
40
One hundred million Polish donuts, called paczki, are consumed each year on the Thursday before Ash Wednesday.
41
Pryzstanek Woodstock is a free live music event that is the largest open-air festival in Europe.
42
A traditional dish in Poland is called bigos. It is a type of stew that is made with meats, sausage, sauerkraut, prunes, cabbage, mushrooms, and spices.
43
There are over 1,300 lakes covering the surface of Poland.
44
People in Poland celebrate imieniny, or Name Day, which is considered to be more important than a person’s birthday.
45
The borders of Poland have changed multiple times throughout history. Its current borders were set following World War II in 1945.
46
Poland is home to some of Europe’s most endangered species, including lynxes, wild horses, and brown bears.
47
Poland has one of the highest literacy rates in the world.
48
Poland is located in the heart of Europe – right in the very center.
49
A channel devoted to the Pope can be found on Polish TV.
50
Poland has 16 castles that are open to the public.

Although some of Poland's history is dark, following World War II, the country has flourished. This country is known for its beautiful countrysides, wildlife, beautiful beaches, and historic landmarks.

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