50 Fascinating Facts about United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is located on the continent of Europe, and includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The country is a sovereign state whose capital is London. All of the United Kingdom has a population of 63.1 million people, while London is home to 8.1 million people. Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) is fully surrounded by water, with the Atlantic Ocean on its west, the North Sea on its north, the English Channel to the south and the Irish Sea to the west. The Irish Sea connects Great Britain to Northern Ireland. The flag of the United Kingdom is comprised of a white and red symmetric cross with an X behind the cross. Royal blue encompasses the background of the flag. The United Kingdom uses the pound sterling as their official currency through the entire country. There is no official religion in the country, but most people follow some form of Christianity. The official language of the country is English, with numerous different dialects spoken throughout the four countries.

United Kingdom Facts

1
The United Kingdom runs under a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, while the head of state being Queen Elizabeth II.
2
They have a total nominal GDP of $2.434 trillion, with a per capita GDP of $38,591. Their total nominal GDP is the 6th highest in the world, and the 3rd largest economy in Europe.
3
The United Kingdom is also the 8th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity, and they contribute greatly to the world's economy.
4
Automobiles comprise a large part of the nation's GDP, generating around 26.6 billion pounds of revenue each year.
5
Agriculture is also a large part of the nation's economy. They grow over 60% of their own foods, and therefore keep their food imports low. The United Kingdom also has a large amount of natural resources. Their lands are rich in iron, limestone, clay, gypsum, lead and coal.
6
The last Ice Age shaped the geography of the United Kingdom. Today, most of the nation is covered in steep mountains and low valleys.
7
Scotland is home to many small lochs, or narrow streams of water. Legend has it that a giant monster named Nessie can be found in Loch Ness in Scotland.
8
The sports soccer, rugby, golf, boxing, and cricket were all invented in the United Kingdom.
9
The author of the Harry Potter series, J.K. Rowling is from the United Kingdom.
10
England is the largest country in the United Kingdom.
11
The Summer Olympics were held in England three times
12
The Queen’s Birthday is celebrated each year in the United Kingdom during a weekend in June. On the day of celebration there is a parade and many parties. Most businesses are closed, and families get together to have family time.
13
St. Patrick’s Day is a public holiday celebrated in Northern Ireland. Irish people drink beer and spirits while eating pink bacon and celebrating with grand parties.
14
Whenever a royal is married, there is often a holiday. In 2011 when Prince William and Catherine Middleton were married the day was considered a national holiday and everyone was given the day off from work and school.
15
In Scotland, Boxing Day is celebrated each year on the day after Christmas. It commemorates the day in which servants used to receive their gifts from their employers. Today, it is simply known as a bank holiday, and often isn’t celebrated very extravagantly.
16
Big Ben in London actually doesn’t refer to the clock. Big Ben is the bell that is located in the clock tower.
17
For over 300 years, French was the official language of the nation.
18
There is not a point in Britain that is more than 75 miles away from a coastline. Due to this, many British people find themselves vacationing on the beach.
19
Buckingham Palace in England has its very own police station.
20
There are more chickens in England than there are humans.
21
The first King of England, William the Conqueror made a law that everyone had to be in bed by 8pm.
22
The earliest rail lines in the world were found in the United Kingdom.
23
Each year it is estimated that over 80,000 umbrellas are lost in London.
24
The United Kingdom includes the following countries: Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, and England.
25
When Scotland was added in 1707, the area became known as Great Britain. The addition of Ireland in 1801 brought about the name change to the United Kingdom.
26
England is the most populous country in the United Kingdom.
27
The official name for the United Kingdom is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
28
The United Kingdom's 7,700 miles of shoreline is the perfect habitat for a variety of seabirds and seals.
29
In 2016, citizens voted for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union.
30
Almost 60% of people in the United Kingdom are Christian.
31
English is the official language of the United Kingdom. However, there are several regional languages that are recognized, including Welsh, Irish, Cornish, and and Scottish Gaelic.
32
The United Kingdom is home to 28 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Cities, including Bath, Canterbury, and Chester.
33
It is legal for children over 5 to consume alcohol at home or in other private areas in the United Kingdom.
34
In terms of area, the United Kingdom is smaller than the state of Oregon.
35
London, England was the first city in the world to have an undergound subway system.
36
Queen Elizabeth became the longest-reigning monarch in the United Kingdom in 2015.
37
The oldest home in the U.K. is about 6,000 years old. It is furnished with furniture made of stone, which still remains today.
38
The United Kingdom has a limit of 12 minutes of commercials per hour of television.
39
Prince Charles has been heir to the throne for over 60 years.
40
Over 30% of women in the United Kingdom have had an abortion in their lifetime.
41
165 million cups of tea per day are consumed in the United Kingdom.
42
Over 300 languages are spoken in London -- more than any other country in the world.
43
Stonehenge was built approximately 3,000 years ago and is even older than the Great Pyramids of Egypt.
44
There are over half a million vegans living in the United Kingdom.
45
The British Pound reached a 31-year low following the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union.
46
Turning back the clock hands of Big Ben takes a total of four hours.
47
The largest Italian restaurant in the world is located in Britain. The Aakash seats up to 750 people.
48
After hosting the 2012 Olympics, London became the first city to host the games three times.
49
Windsor Palace is the oldest and largest occupied castle in the world.
50
Britain is the only country in the world that does not have a written constitution.

The United Kingdom encompasses four countries, each of which have their own traditions and cultures. They come together with a common love for their nation, and are very hospitable and kind countries. If you would like to travel to the United Kingdom, then you could easily see all four countries due to their close proximity, and easy travel lines between them. The nation was the first industrialized nation in the world, and today, still is a dominant force in the world’s economy.

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