Africa – 40 Facts You Should Know

Africa is regarded as the birthplace of humanity in many scientific circles, with 54 sovereign states and a diverse array of indigenous peoples, cultures, economies, and histories. You’ll find a wide range of natural landscapes here, such as enormous deserts and tropical rain forests, as well as steep mountains and lush pastures. Flora and animals on this continent are unlike anything else on the planet.

Visitors worldwide are enthralled by this awe-inspiring continent, which attracts new visitors each year. Many Africans live in poverty despite the continent’s natural bounty and beauty, with 70% of the population subsisting on less than $2 a day. Disease and famine claim the lives of millions of Africans each year, and only the most basic of education is denied to many children in the continent’s 15 least developed nations.



Physical Features

Africa’s southern and northern regions are about equal size as the Equator divides Africa into two equal portions (lengthwise). The north and south experience the same climate and physical characteristics. When it comes to climate, South Africa has a lot in common with the Mediterranean region, including the Kalahari Desert and the Karoo Desert.

All other continents are tropical, but Africa is the driest. Tropical rain forests, tropical deserts, savanna grasslands, and Mediterranean climates and flora are all represented. More than 10.4 million square kilometers (about 1800 kilometers north to south and 5600 kilometers east to west) make up the Sahara Desert, the biggest of its type in the world.


All other continents are tropical, but Africa is the driest. African continents are the only ones that cross the Equator, making them home to the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, respectively. It’s no coincidence that the climate in Africa’s northern half is much milder than that found further north due to the equatorial anomaly. As a consequence of this form difference, the northern part of the continent has the Sahara Desert, while the southern part has the Kalahari Desert. Once again, the form difference causes the southern part of Africa to be colder than the northern part.

Because Zambia and Niger are both 15 degrees south of the Equator, East Africa was a more attractive location for European colonization than West Africa. The climate of Africa hasn’t always been the same, as shown by archaeological investigations and satellite photographs. The Sahara Desert and other arid portions of Africa used to be more humid. In Africa, rainfall is the most critical climate component. Because of its proximity to the Equator, the continent experiences high temperatures. Compared to temperate regions, the temperature range is substantially smaller, and the presence of wind is much less prevalent in tropical climates.


As the second most populous and culturally varied continent, Africa has a lot to teach us about the globe. The author, Benjamin Ofori-Amoah, uses cutting-edge geographic mapping technology to debunk prevalent myths and misrepresentations about Africa’s geography. African history, culture, economics, and politics are all examined in depth in this book, which places them in the continent’s perspective as a whole. Knowledge of the continent’s economy, climate as well as biogeography, transportation and telecommunications systems, industry and commerce, mining, and agriculture are all covered in this book.

This book is ideal for teaching a wide range of subjects in the classroom since it provides a flexible and effective pedagogical framework. Students benefit by studying the continent as a complete and dynamic nature of its countries, cultures, and economy when they cover the whole continent. Storytelling that is both engaging and accessible helps students retain information, while examples of historical and current events pique their curiosity. A must-have resource for cross-disciplinary research into Africa’s interesting geography, Africa’s Geography is innovative and distinctive.


The continent of Africa is enormous. This is one of the most crucial things to know in terms of Africa. It is enormous. Asia is indeed the biggest and most populated continent on the planet, but Africa comes in second and occupies a significant amount of real estate.
This is an essential truth about Africa. To give you an idea of how massive Africa is, it takes up 6% of the earth's total surface area. Isn't that impressive? Let's see, it works out to 11.7 million square kilometers, right? Africa is home to 16% of the world's population, about 1.2 billion people as of 2016. It's a lot of information.
More than half of the continent's 54 nations are found in the archipelagos of Madagascar and other islands off the southeast coast. Nine regions and two mainly unknown independent entities round out the list of officially recognized nations.
On a global scale, Africa has the world's youngest population. According to Census data, the population's average age was 19 years old in 2012. On a global scale, people were turning 30 at the same time in 2008. My favorite African truth to share with others is this one!
With nations in both the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere, it is the only continent that has temperate zones in both the northern and southern hemispheres — as well as a plethora of other temperature zones and biospheres in between.
Algeria occupies almost a million square kilometers of territory in this region (919,595). Moreover, Nigeria has a population of 186 million people, making it the most populated nation in Africa and the seventh-most populous globally. Seychelles is an archipelago of islands in the Indian Ocean and the smallest nation in Africa.
As early as 3300 BC, the pharaohs' histories began to be documented. In Africa, that's a crazy fact. It's even more mind-boggling to think about how long this society was. The Egyptian kingdom lasted until 343 BC in all its pyramidal splendor. Nearly 3,000 years of Pharaonic impact, with traces of the civilization found in Libya and even Crete.
There Was A Race For Africa Among the Colonies. Initially, it was known as the "African Scramble." Europe went berserk over the acquisition of Africa. All major European powers sought a piece of the pie from roughly 1881 until 1914. For decades, things have been screwed up.
A fascinating fact about Africa is that its length and width are almost the same distance. Its length, north to south and east to west, is about 4,660 feet.
This continent is home to around 12 percent of the world's population and is the second-largest land area.
There are an estimated 120-140 million people in Nigeria, making it Africa's most populous nation. This is the least populous nation globally, with just a little over 80,000 inhabitants.
There are roughly 3,000 ethnic groupings on the African continent, with around 370 of these tribes legally recognized in Nigeria alone. These pages include further information about African culture.
The African continent is home to more than 2,000 languages, each with a distinct dialect, and Arabic is the most frequently spoken.
The Equator divides Africa in half, north and south, traveling about 2,500 miles from west to east across the continent. It travels through a number of African countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Uganda, and Kenya.
According to fossil records, Africa seems to have been the first continent in which humans were discovered. According to scientists, fossil evidence suggests that humans first arrived on the African continent some 7 million years ago.
The world's longest river, the Nile, flows across Africa and reaches the ocean at a distance of 4,150 miles. Due to its route through various African nations, including Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, and Egypt.
The 19,340-foot-tall Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa's tallest peak. With 26,560 square miles, Lake Victoria is Africa's most significant body of water.
Located just off the continent's east coast, Madagascar is Africa's most significant island by landmass. It is about 1,000 miles long and 350 miles wide. This island is the fourth-largest on the globe.
The world's most incredible flora and animals may also be found in Africa. It is home to some of the world's most abundant fauna. Wildebeest, Some of the land's fastest creatures, such as the cheetah, gazelle, and lion, may be found here. Here, you may learn more about the creatures of Africa.
The mining industry in Africa is well-known, and it accounts for at least half of the world's diamonds and gold. There is still a significant amount of precious metals and gemstones produced in other nations.
The Blyde River Canyon, located in South Africa, is the world's third-biggest canyon and largest green canyon.
University of Karueein (Athens of Africa), established in 859 AD by Fatima al-Fihri near Fez, Morocco, is the oldest educational institution in the world that is still in operation today. Founded in 1088 in Italy, Bologna University is the oldest university in Europe.
A mature African elephant may weigh up to six tonnes and measure up to seven meters in length, making it the most significant land mammal. It is the tallest mammal in the world, the giraffe, with males reaching a height of up to six meters and females a height of four and a half meters
One of the tallest commercial bridge bungees globally, Bloukrans Bridge Bungy, soars 709 feet over the Bloukrans River. Bloukrans Bridge upon this N2 Highway in the Tsitsikamma region of South Africa's Garden Route is where you'll find it, marking the boundary between the Eastern and Western Capes.
Nigeria is Sub-Saharan Africa's most populous country (158.4 million people), accounting for 19% of the continent's total population.
According to nominal prices, South Africa's and Nigeria's GDP accounted for roughly half of the entire SSA GDP.
The GDP of the Southern African Development Community (SSA) increased by 5%. The fastest-growing countries were Chad (13 percent), Liberia (10 percent), Ethiopia (9.9 percent), and Zimbabwe (9 percent). At the same time, 26 of the 48 nations in the Southern Hemisphere had a growth rate of more than 5%.
Guinea Bissau ($244 million) has the lowest real GDP in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) at $187 billion.
There is 76 times more GNI per capita in the wealthiest Sub-Saharan African nation (Equatorial Guinea) than in the lowest (Democratic Republic of Congo.).
PPP GNI per capita in Sub-Saharan Africa grew by 15% between 1990 and 1999 and 63% between 2000 and 2010 (from $1,176.3 to $1,357.2).
Both exports and imports increased in SSA in the last year. By contrast, imports climbed by 15% from $3.3 trillion in 2008 to $3.9 trillion in 2010, while exports increased by 25% from $300 billion to $375 billion.
Within the sub-Saharan African nations, one or two items account for at least 75 percent of total exports in 21 percent of these countries.
ODA recipients in Sub-Saharan Africa got 72 times more money from the most significant recipient than the weakest recipient. In terms of funding, the Democratic Republic of the Congo has received $3,543 million in aid, whereas So Tomé and Principe have received just $49 million in aid funding.
Agriculture value-added as a proportion of GDP was over 40% in Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, and Togo; in South Africa, it was only 2.5 percent.
At 4,532 kW/h, South Africa's per-person electricity use was the highest in 2009, while Ethiopia had the lowest (45 kW/h).
More women aged 15-24 are in Tanzania's workforce (81%) than Mauritania's (22%), which has the lowest. In Equatorial Guinea, 88 percent of the workforce is made up of males ages 15-24; Gabon has the lowest (27 percent ).
In 27 nations, the percentage of women participating in the workforce is greater than the average for the region (64.3 percent). Female involvement percentages are more significant in Burundi, Mozambique, Malawi, and Rwanda than males. Sudan and Mauritania rank worst and first, respectively, for women's political engagement (29 and 32, respectively).
When it came to carbon dioxide emissions, South Africa had 8.9 metric tonnes, whereas Burundi had just 0.02 metric tonnes per person in 2008.
Seychelles has 41 internet users for every 100 inhabitants, whereas the Democratic Republic of The Congo, Guinea, Ethiopia, and Niger have one internet user for every 100 people.
Swaziland had the highest rate of TB per 100,000 residents (1,287 per 100,000 people). Compared to the lowest estimate, this was 58.5 times more significant (Mauritius at 22 per 100,000 people).