Algeria is located on North Africa's Mediterranean coast and is the largest country Africa. It is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia and Libya, to the west by Morocco, the Western Saharan territory and Mauritania, and to the south by Mali and Niger. The Mediterranean Sea lines the northern coast of Algeria, providing a gateway to Europe. However, the Sahara desert also covers a huge part of the country. The northern city of Algiers is the country's capital and most populous city with more than

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Egypt is known as a transcontinental country due to the fact that it lies on both Africa and Asia. The Sinai Peninsula connects southwest Asia to northeast Africa, and it is part of the country of Egypt. Most of the country lies in Africa though. Egypt is bordered by Israel to the north, the Red Sea in the east, Sudan in the south and Libya in the west. It is very populated, and is home to 84 million people, making it the 15th most populous country in the world. Its capital city is Cairo, and it

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Ethiopia is a country that is located in what is known as the Horn of Africa. Its official name is the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. This African country is the 27th largest in the world by area, which measure 426,400 square miles. The country's population exceeds 100 million, making it the 12th most populous in the world. The country is a federal parliamentary republic. It does not have an official language, but Amharic is a working langage, and the country has multiple regional lang

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Ghana is a country located in West Africa. Its official name is the Republic of Ghana. It is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. It has a total population of 27,410,000. The country has a unitary presidential constitutional democracy type of government. The official language of the country is English. Its capital city is Accra, which boasts a population of 2,270,000. Accra is also the largest city in the country. Ghana has the 45th highest population in the world. Its curren

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Kenya is a country that is located in East Africa. The country is home to 43.5 million people, while its capital city of Nairobi is home to 3.1 million people. Nairobi is also the largest city in the country. Kenya has a hot climate due to its location. It lies directly on the equator, and is surrounded by Uganda to the south, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia to the north. The country’s official languages are Swahili and English. It does not have an official religion, though; Christianity is hi

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Madagascar is an island nation located off of the coast of Africa. Its official name is the Republic of Madagascar. The country is one of the largest islands in the world. It is a popular tourist spot and is well known for its biodiversity. It is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. The history of Madagascar dates all the way back to 2000 BC. Evidence has shown that Madagascar was once part of the mainland before breaking off into the island it is known as today. The coutnry has a

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The Kingdom of Morocco is a sovereign state in the far north west of Africa. Most of its 1,800 km coastline is on the Atlantic Ocean, with about a quarter on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the 25th largest country in Africa, and the westernmost country of the Maghreb region. Its population is almost 34 million, who mainly live in the coastal cities. These include Rabat, which is Morocco's capital city, and Casablanca, its largest. Its currency is the Moroccan dirham, and it has a robust economy wh

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Nigeria is a country located in West Africa. The official name of the country is the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The country has a population of 188,462,640 people, making it the 7th most populous country in the world. In terms of area, it is the 32nd largest country at 356,669 square miles. The country is a federal presidential republic with a president and vice president. The capital city is Abuja. However, the largest city is Lagos. The official currency is the Naira. Nigeria's flag features

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South Africa

South Africa is a country that is located in the southernmost part of Africa. The official name for the country is the Republic of South Africa. South Africa has a population of 54,956,900 people, making it the 25th most populous country in the world. The country stretches across 471,445 square miles, making it the 24th largest in the world. South Africa is unique in that it has eleven official languages. Because it is a secular state, there is no official religion, and citizens are free to wors

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The Republic of Sudan is also known as the Sudan and North Sudan (South Sudan gained independence in 2011 and is its own country). With 46% of people under the poverty line, there is a lot of hardship in this country. There have been many conflicts in the Sudan, over the years, that have left many people dead due to war, famine, and disease. Women have very few rights in this country. Human rights groups have spoken out against atrocities against people of other faiths or beliefs. There are some

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Located just south of the equator, Tanzania is an East African country that became a sovereign state in 1964. It includes the three spice islands of Zanzibar, Mafia, and Pemba. Three of Africa’s great lakes lie partially in Tanzania. In Tanzania, the poverty level is extremely high. 67.9 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Tanzania is a country with religious freedom as quite a few world religions have been a part of the country’s history. While there are over 100 languages s

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Uganda is a country that is located in East Africa. The landlocked country is bordered by five countries. The official name of the country is the Republic of Uganda. The country has a population of almost 38 million, ranking it as the 35th largest country in the world in terms of population. With an area of over 93,000 square miles, it is the 81st largest country in the world by area. The capital city is Kampala, and it is also the largest city in Uganda. It has a dominant-part semi-presidential

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