50 Fascinating Facts about Argentina

Argentina is a beautiful tropical country that is located in the southern portion of South America. It is home to 23 provinces and is known as the second largest country in South America. Geographically, it is bordered in the South and West by Chile, in the North by Bolivia and Paraguay, and in the Northeast by Brazil and Uruguay. The official language of Argentina is Spanish, and most people there speak the Castilian Spanish dialect. This dialect is very similar to the Spanish spoke in other parts of South America; however its pronunciation is slightly different. Castilian Spanish speakers also utilize the pronoun ‘vosotros’ while other Spanish dialects do not. The primary religion of Argentina is Roman Catholicism. Pope Francis, the 266th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church is from Argentina. The capital city of Argentina is Buenos Aires. Even though Buenos Aires has claimed autonomy since the 1800s, the city is still considered the capital of Argentina, and has a population of 2,890,151 citizens. Argentina as a whole has a large population as well, and in 2012 was estimated to be the home of 42,192,500 people. The country uses the Argentine peso as their main form of currency, and has used the peso since the early 1800s. Argentina’s flag is comprised of three main colors. Two blue stripes surround a white stripe of color. In the middle of the white stripe, there is a yellow sun. The sun is also found on Argentina’s coat of arms.

Argentina Facts

Around 97% of Argentina’s population is home to people of European descent, while 1.5% of people are of Amerindian descent, 0.2% of people are of Asian descent and 1.5% of their population is classified as Mestizos.
Argentina is governed under a federal presidential constitutional republic, and established their government after declaring their independence from Spain on July 9, 1816.
Since declaring their independence they have grown to have the third-largest economy in South America. Their total nominal GDP is estimated to be $474.812 billion while their per capita GDP is around $11,572. Their nominal GDP ranks Argentina as having the 27th best economy in the world, while their GDP per capita is ranked 62nd.
The country is home to an abundance of natural resources, a growing agricultural sector and a booming industrial market.
Argentina is known as one of the highest literary countries in the world, and prides itself in producing highly literate citizens that can easily maneuver around and succeed in the global business world.
Argentina’s history is entangled with European history. The Europeans first arrived in Argentina in 1502 and established their own settlement in Buenos Aires. Throughout the next two hundred years settlements were established and then abandoned.
In 1816 Argentina wrote its own Declaration of Independence. Then, in 1856 they established a constitution that is still used today in the country. Today, the government is comprised of a President, Vice President and Supreme Court President. Argentina also has a legislature that contains Congress, Senate and a Chamber of Deputies.
Adults and children both travel home after lunch each day to take a siesta. Siestas are short naps that people all around the country partake in. During siestas many businesses and schools close down, and everyone in the country relaxes. There are even a few hotels in the capital city that rent rooms specifically for siestas.
Soccer is a very popular sport in Argentina. Kids and adults both get into the game and love to play it during their free time. Often kids will start up a game of soccer in the streets outside their house and play all evening with their friends.
Pampas are large grassy areas that the Argentinean people use to herd cattle. Many pampas are owned by gauchos, or cowboys. Gauchos herd cattle and ensure that all of their cows are properly fed and kept healthy.
Since Argentina is located in the Southern Hemisphere its climates are completely opposite than the climates in the Northern Hemisphere. When it is summer time in the United States, it is winter in Argentina.
Part of The Andes Mountain range is located in Argentina. The Andes Mountains are great tourists attractions and provide people with abundant hiking and camping lands.
The Argentinean people love to dance. Ballroom dancing is a great activity that many people partake in on a daily basis. Many ballroom dances originated in the country including the tango. Historically, the tango originated in the slaughterhouse district in Buenos Aires. At first, the elite citizens in Argentina looked down upon the dance, and thought of it as a dance of the poor people, however as their children began entering the ghettos of Buenos Aires in search of a good time the dance became popular. These teens brought the tango back to their friends and families and it immediately gained popularity throughout the country and the world.
The very first animated film in the world was created by an Argentinean man. Quirino Cristiani created the film “El Apostol” in 1917. This film was 70 minutes long and had over 58,000 frames.
Argentina was the first country to utilize fingerprinting in order to determine if a person was guilty of a crime. The first instance of fingerprinting occurred after a particularly gruesome murder occurred in a small Argentinean town. The murder was not witnessed by anyone; however the murderer left a bloody fingerprint at the crime scene. The police used the bloody fingerprint to correctly identify the murderer.
Paleontologists flock to Argentina each year to participate in archeological digs. The oldest dinosaur species ever to be identified was traced back to both Argentina and Brazil. For this reason, many paleontologists travel to Argentina to search for more clues about this rare dinosaur and others.
In the Latin language the world Argentina means silver. The original European settlers believed that the country was full of silver, and established towns in the country in order to search for the precious metal. Unfortunately, no silver was ever found.
Argentina is the Latin American country that has the most Nobel Prize winners. Five people from Argentina have won Nobel Prizes in the categories of science and peace.
More Argentinean people utilize public transportation than driving their own cars.
El Dia de Tradicion is a festival that is celebrated around November 10th in Argentina each year. This festival celebrates the birth of Jose Hernandez, an Argentinean poet who is considered to be one of the greatest literary figures of the country. The festival is a weeklong and contains concerts, food, parades and parties.
The currency of Argentina is the Argentine peso. This was introduced to the country in 1992. Prior to this, the county had the Peso Ley, Escudos, Soles, and Reales.
The primary language of Argentina is Spanish. This language has been heavily influenced by immigrants, including Italian French settlers. English is quickly growing to become the second language, particularly in the metro areas of the country.
Over 10% of the world's flora is found in Argentina. Parana Pine and Evergreen Beeches are very common to the area.
The country has 14 sites classified as Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance. According to 2003 data, about 6.6% of the country's land is protected.
The port of Buenos Aires is where approximately 80% of the country's imports and exports arrive and depart.
Previously, the mayor of Buenos Aires, Argentina, was elected by the country's president. This practice ended in 1996, and following constitutional reforms, mayor is now an elected position.
Approximately 35% of the country's workforce belongs to a union. Unions began during the reign of Juan Perón, who built up the General Confederation of Labor to include approximately 6 million members.
Argentina is one of the biggest food producing and exporting countries in the world. The country has over 86 million acres of arable land for crops. This is approximately 12.8% of the country's total land area.
Wheat is the leading crop in Argentina. The country produces so much wheat, it is the fifth leading wheat exporting country in the world, and grows over 60% of the wheat in South America.
Argentina is a country known for making - and exporting - wine. In 2004, the country exported over 159,000 tons, which accounted for 2% of the world's total wine exports.
Children in Argentina are required to attend school from ages 5 to 14. The school year in the country begins in March and ends in November.
José de San Martín, or the Protector of the South, is thought to be the most famous person of Argentina. He is known for leading South America to freedom from Spanish rule.
Argentina is divided into seven different regions. These regions include Northwest, Cuyo, Pampas, Pantagonia, Mesopotamia, Gran Chaco, and Sierras Pampeanas.
After the death of Juan Peron in 1976, the military took control, beginning a period known as the dirty war. During this time, it was estimated that between 20,000 to 30,000 people were killed.
Buenos Aires, Argentina is frequently called the Paris of South America due to its European influences. As many as 95% of people in Argentina are of European descent.
The national sport of Argentina is pato, a game that is played on horseback. However, the most popular sport in the region is football - or what Americans know as soccer.
This country is known for winning more international polo championships than any other country in the world.
Argentines consume the second most beef per capita in the entire world, only being beaten out by Hong Kong.
The city of Ushuaia, located in Argentina, is believed to be the most southernmost city in the entire world.
Argentina holds the records for both the highest and lowest recorded temperatures on the continent. The record-high temperature of 120.4 degrees was reached in 1920, while 1907 saw a record low of -27 degrees.
The Avenida 9 de Julio -- or July 9 Avenue -- located in Buenos Aires is the widest street in the world. The street has a total of twelve lanes, or six on each side.
July 20th markes Friends Day, which is celebrated every year in Argentina. It is the only country in the world to have a day that is designated for the celebration of friendships. On this day, friends spend the day together, parties are thrown, and activities can last well into the late night hours.
Argentina is the first country in the world that recognized children with two fathers. In 2012, a child was born and had two fathers listed on the birth certificate, something that had never happened before anywhere else in the world.
The country is home to the Perito Moreno Glacier, which is not just the third-largest freshwater source in the world but is also a glacier that is growing, instead of shrinking.
Argentina is becoming known around the world for being a hub for plastic surgery due to the low cost of procedures. It is estimated that 1 in 30 Argentines have undergone some form of cosmetic plastic surgery.
Unfortunately, the focus on good looks extends beyond just plastic surgery in this country. This country has the highest per capita rates of Anorexia in the world. The problem is not confined to just females, either, as research has shown that one-eighth of patients being treated for the disease are male.
Che Guevera was known for his role in the Cuban Revolution, but he wasn't Cuban. In fact, he was born in Rosario, located outside of Buenos Aires. He was raised in Argentina and only left for the revolution after training to become a doctor.
The world's earliest plants were found in Argentina. Liverworts, which had no roots or stems, have been dated back approximately 472 million years ago.
Forty percent of the workforce in Argentina is comprised of females. Approximately thirty percent of the congressional seats in the country are held by women.

The country of Argentina has been a thriving country since its independence from Spain in the 1800s. Its people are laid back, fun and hard working. The country’s solid educational system has produced a society full of highly literate people who have helped the country go up in the world’s business rankings. Today, Argentina is home to many traditions and loves to keep their culture alive by celebrating holidays and historical events in a grandiose and traditional way. The country is a great place to visit, and loves having tourists come and glimpse into the unique lifestyle of Argentina.