Bahrain is a popular tourist destination for a good reason: it's known for its pearls, has a booming economy, and has a fascinating past. The 33-island archipelago nation is a Middle Eastern powerhouse noted for its unique old and modern architecture fusion. Discover some fascinating facts about Bahrain, whether you're planning a trip there or just interested in the UAE's lesser-known cousin.

Fascinating Facts:

Bahrain is the Middle East's tiniest independent state.
In official documents, Bahrain is officially referred to as the Kingdom of Bahrain.
The Persian Gulf Island nation lies north of Qatar and east of Saudi Arabia.
Arabic is the official language.
1,393,661 individuals were living in Bahrain on the first of the year, according to official estimates.
After the Maldives & Singapore, Bahrain is Asia's tiniest nation, measuring at 765 square kilometers (295 square miles).
Bahrain's capital and largest city, Manama, is located on the Persian Gulf coast. Manama has a cosmopolitan population despite being a central commercial hub in the Persian Gulf for so long.
Bahrain is an archipelago that is primarily flat and dry. With a flat desert plain and a central escarpment, the Mountain of Smoke rises 134 meters (440 feet) above sea level as its highest point.
Most of Bahrain's land has been reclaimed by filling up the dunes along the coasts and connecting sand bars with landfills.
The appearance of "The Tree of Life" is surprising in a nation with a reputation for having little to no rain. A 400-year-old tree remains alone in the desert, with no known water supply for its watering and maintenance needs.
Bahrain is a genuine gem in the world's crown. During the turn of the century, the world learned that Bahraini waters were the source of the world's most delicate pearls.
Photographing citizens without their permission in Bahrain is punishable by jail time since it constitutes an infringement on the individual's rights.
In Bahrain, the weekends aren't Saturday and Sunday, but Friday and Saturday instead. And the weekend used to be Thursday and Friday up until 2006.
The national currency of Bahrain is the Bahraini dinar. The Gulf rupee was phased out in 1965 in favor of this new currency. After the Kuwait dinar, it's the second most valuable money in the world.
When it came to skyscrapers, the Bahrain World Trade Center first used wind turbines. Manama's twin-tower complex, which is 240 meters high, can be located there. Three sky bridges link the towers, each of which houses a 225-kW wind turbine. An estimated 11-15 percent of the tower's total power usage is supplied by them.
Bahrain is Asia's and the world's third-largest power user per capita. Iceland and Norway are the only two countries in the world that utilize more power.
Bahrain's national cuisine is chicken machboos. Composed of delicate chicken and fragrant rice, this dish is spiced with loomi and dried saffron (dried and brined limes).
It has a red backdrop (the typical color for Persian Gulf flags) with a white serrated stripe divided by five triangles (reflecting Islam's five pillars) representing the country's five provinces.
In Arabic, Bahrain's name translates to "two seas" (al-Bahrain).
The King Fahd Causeway, a 25-kilometer motorway that opened in 1986 and connected Bahrain with Saudi Arabia's east coast, is an island nation.
The causeway has been the only bridge where women could drive on one side (Bahrain) but not the other due to restrictions on female drivers in Saudi Arabia from 1957 to 2018. (Saudi Arabia). The causeway's midway point is where the borderline is placed.
Bahrain was the capital of Dilmun's empire for a brief while, which stretched north to modern-day Kuwait and east to eastern Saudi Arabia.
Bahrain is home to 100,000 Dilmun-era burial mounds, most of which date from 2200 BCE to 1750 BCE and were built in various architectural styles. The Dilmun Burial Mounds World Heritage Site includes 21 of these archaeological sites.
With 33 natural islands & 51 artificial ones, the archipelago of Bahrain is comprised entirely of land reclamation operations.
Bahrain is the Middle East's tiniest country and Asia's third-smallest country in terms of land size.
There were just 33 islands when it was founded, but extensive land reclamation has resulted in 84 now. Land reclamation also led to an extra 38 square kilometers of land for the country.
Bahrain has a 100-mile-long coastline but does not share a physical boundary with any other country.
Water scarcity means that agriculture is heavily reliant on irrigation.
It is hot and humid in Bahrain in July and August, while dry in January and February.
The country's highest point is the 134-meter-high Jabal al Dukhan escarpment.
The two most pressing environmental issues facing the country are coastal erosion and desertification.
Bahrain's pearl fisheries were formerly renowned as some of the finest in the world.
The Babylonians, as well as the Assyrians, were two ancient kingdoms that conquered ancient Bahrain.
Bahrain was referred to as Tylos by the ancient Greeks, who called it home because of its cotton fields and textile industry.
During Bahrain's early Christian history, Christianity was the most popular faith.
Bahrain came under Islamic control after Prophet Muhammad approved the Zaid ibn Haritha Expedition in the 7th century.
After conquering the islands in 1521, the Portuguese controlled Bahrain for 80 years.
In 1892, the islands were recognized as a British colony for the first time in their history.
When World War II broke out, Bahrain became engaged and deployed troops to help the Allies.
In 1971, the nation was freed from British colonial authority and joined the Arab League and the United Nations as an independent member state.
As a constitutional monarchy, Bahrain's government is headed by King Hamad.
Bahrain's current prime minister has been in office since 1971, making him the world's longest-serving leader.
Few nations in the Middle East let female citizens vote and run for public office.
For Bahrain, foreign policy is critical, which is why they have 25 embassies across the world. On top of all that, Bahrain was a founding member of a GCC.
Bahrain's 13,000 officers make up a well-equipped defense force. In Juffair, the country has a US military base.
It is the world's second most valuable currency unit and Bahrain's national currency.
With such a GDP per capita of $29,146, Bahrain is one of the world's wealthiest countries.
Bahrain's major exports are crude oil and oil products. The country produces 40,000 barrels of oil each day.
About 55% of Bahrain's overall population are expatriates, most of them being manual laborers from South Asia.
The population density of Bahrain is 4,212 people per square mile, making it the fourth most populous country in the world.