Bosnia and Herzegovina, situated on the Balkan Peninsula, was formerly a part of Yugoslavia but declared independence in 1992. This enthralling land has a long history of being dominated and conquered by numerous nations and cultures. The country's most attractive feature is its East-meets-West environment, which Ottoman influences have infused. With many historical ruins, one-of-a-kind villages and cities, breathtaking mountains, waterfalls, Bosnia and Herzegovina offers something for every traveler. Due to the country's tiny heart form, it is nicknamed the ``Heart Shaped Land.`` ``Bosnia`` is derived from the Indo-European term Bosana, which translates as ``water.`` This is appropriate given the country's abundance of magnificent lakes, streams, rivers, and a sliver of the Adriatic Sea. Additionally, there is a district, the Brcko District, that is overseen globally. Bosnia and Herzegovina's currency is the Marka.

Fascinating Facts:

1
Bosnia accounts for approximately 80% of the nation, whereas Herzegovina accounts for 20%.
2
Sarajevo's tram system is one of the oldest in Europe, having functioned initially as a test track for Vienna's trams. It was inaugurated on New Year's Day 1885.
3
Land mines remain a genuine concern 20 years after the conflict.
4
This is one of Europe's few remaining jungles.
5
Sarajevo hosted the first winter games in a totalitarian city.
6
Bosnia and Herzegovina officially speak three languages: Serbian, Bosnian, and Croatian.
7
Mostar is the most polarised city in Bosnia & Herzegovina.
8
Bosnia and Herzegovina rank eighth in the world in terms of coffee consumption per capita.
9
Bosnia and Herzegovina won the world championships in volleyball in the 2004 and 2012 Summer Paralympics. Numerous team members lost limbs during the Bosnian War.
10
The country produces excellent wine. Herzegovina produces the majority of the country's wine. Alaska is the region's most popular white grape variety.
11
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, you can see a rainforest. Sutjeska National Park, which borders Montenegro, encompasses 3,500 acres of rainforest.
12
Bosnia and Herzegovina's national flower is the Golden Lily, Lilium Bosniacum. It is a native flower that has always been associated with gifts; it is also used to embellish cakes.
13
Bosnia and Herzegovina are best renowned for their snow-capped mountains, but the country also has beaches.
14
Bosnia has been settled since the New Stone Age.
15
Bosnia and Herzegovina's currency is the Marka, which cannot be purchased or exchanged anywhere in the world.
16
Due to the War, over 200,000 mines remain to be cleared, and as a result, Bosnia and Herzegovina have one of the world's most serious land mine problems.
17
Bosnia and Herzegovina's environment is predominantly mountainous.
18
Each year, approximately 33 600 children are born in this country (0.9 percent of the population), while over 37,000 people die (1.0 percent of the population).
19
Bosniaks are traditionally connected with Islam, with approximately 50 percentage points of the population being Muslim. Orthodox Christians, mostly Serbs, account for approximately 30% of the population, whereas Catholics, primarily Croats, account for approximately 15% of the population.
20
The Sarajevo Sahat Towers is a historical timepiece considered the world's only lunar-time clock.
21
Medjugorje, a small village in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is immensely famous among Catholic pilgrims. Since 1981, the site has been visited by millions of pilgrims. This is in response to claims of the Virgin Mary allegedly appearing to six local children.
22
Steak is a type of medieval gravestone that can be found scattered throughout rural Bosnia and Herzegovina.
23
In 1995, amid the Bosnian War, the Sarajevo Film Festival began. It has grown to become the Balkans' and South-East Europe's largest and most renowned film festival.
24
Each year, about one million people visit Bosnia. According to the World Tourist Organization, the country's tourism industry will develop at the third-fastest rate in the world between 1995 and 2020.
25
Bosnia is derived from the Indo-European term for water, owing to the country's abundance of waterfalls, rivers, and lakes.
26
Bosnia was also on the 14th-century map. There was formerly the Kingdom of Bosnia. It existed between 1377 and 1463.
27
If you wish to see Bosnia & Herzegovina in detail, there are numerous tour guides are available. The country is becoming an increasingly attractive destination for individuals seeking an escape from the mundane without leaving Europe.
28
5.9 percent of traffic deaths were caused by drunk drivers.
29
An adult smoker consumes approximately 190 cigarettes each month.
30
This country has around 22 926 kilometers of paved roads, including over 130 kilometers of expressways.
31
The country is around six times the size of Poland.
32
Christianity and Islam are the two major religions.
33
Bosnia is the name of the country's northern region, derived from the Bosnia River.
34
An average adult in Bosnia and Herzegovina consumes approximately 7.1 liters of hard liquor per year.
35
Bosnia and Herzegovina levy a 10% income tax.
36
Bosnia and Herzegovina are ranked 123rd in the world's most excellent armies rating.
37
Inflation was 1.9 percent in 2018.
38
Lukomir is the country's highest city.
39
Bosnia and Herzegovina have a gold reserve of 3000 kg (2018).
40
Mostar had the most significant temperature of 43.2 Degrees C.
41
Women giving birth to their first child in this country are on average 26.3 years old.
42
A person driving a vehicle is permitted to have a blood alcohol concentration of 0.3 per mile.
43
At the age of 65, both men and women can retire.
44
It is Europe's first country to lack public television.
45
Men and women can marry in this country at the age of 18.
46
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, compulsory schooling lasts nine years.
47
Heart failure is the most lethal disease in this country.
48
In this country, 1.5 percent of adults over the age of 15 cannot read or write.
49
Veliko Polje recorded the coldest temperature of -42 Degrees C.
50
Sarajevo was the city that was most besieged following World War II. For 44 months beginning in 1984, nearly 55 000 tons of artillery munitions were dropped.
51
Magli is Bosnia and Herzegovina's highest mountain.
52
Alcohol can be purchased in this country at the age of sixteen.

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