50 Fascinating Facts About Burundi

Burundi is located in Central and East Africa's Great Lakes area. It is a landlocked country that shares borders with Tanzania, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Burundi occupies an area of approximately 10,745 square miles yet has a population of over 9.8 million people. For at least 500 years, the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa peoples have lived in the country. Burundi was an autonomous monarchy for approximately 200 years until Germany colonized it at the turn of the twentieth century, followed by the Belgians following World War I. When the country obtained independence in 1962, it was ruled by a monarchy, but regime changes, assassinations, and instability in the region forced the establishment of a one-party republic.</p> <p>In the 1970s and 1990s, the country was ravaged by civil conflicts and genocides. Burundi is predominantly rural, with about 13% of the people living in cities. It is a developing nation with inadequate infrastructure and essential services. The country's three national parks, Kibira, Rusuzu, and Ruvubu, are under severe strain due to population growth, which has resulted in deforestation, soil erosion, and loss of habitat. Burundians face numerous challenges, including poverty, inadequate infrastructure, corruption, limited access to health care, education and unemployment. The World Happiness Report in 2018 placed the country's citizens as the worlds least happy.

Fascinating Facts:

1
Burundi is a landlocked African country. Landlocked countries are surrounded by land and do not have access to the sea.
2
Burundi's Parliament voted in January 2019 to relocate the country's capital from Bujumbura to Gitega to encourage urbanization and infrastructure development.
3
In Kirundi, the country's motto, "Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere," translates as "Unity, Work, Progress."
4
Burundi gained independence from Belgium on July 1, 1962, and established itself as a constitutional monarchy.
5
It is bounded on the north by Rwanda, east and south by Tanzania, and west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
6
Unlike many other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Burundi's borders were not drawn by European powers. Rather than that, they were established by Burundi's initial monarchy.
7
Burundi won its first Olympic gold medal in 1996. Thus, it became the world's poorest country ever to earn an Olympic gold medal.
8
Soil erosion Deforestation is becoming a worry for Burundi's population due to farming and overgrazing.
9
HIV/AIDS is also a significant threat to the country's population.
10
Burundi's entire land area is 10,747 square miles - about twice the size of Yorkshire. This makes it to be one of Africa's tiniest countries.
11
Burundi's flag is composed of two colors: red, which symbolizes the freedom struggle, and green, which symbolizes hope for future growth. There is a white cross and a white disc in the center, both of which represent peace.
12
Gustave Is Burundi's Giant Man-Eating Crocodile. Gustave is a colossal crocodile that lives in Burundi. At almost 18 feet and 2,000 pounds, he is considered the world's most enormous crocodile.
13
Burundi prohibits group jogging. The country's president outlawed the activity in 2014, citing the possibility that such walks could aid individuals in planning subversive (anti-government) activities.
14
Burundi's majority of inhabitants live in communities scattered over the highlands.
15
Burundians reside in rural areas is greater than 80 percent of the country.
16
Burundi had a population of 11.53 million people in 2019 - roughly twice the number of Yorkshire.
17
Germany colonized and conquered Burundi and surrounding Ruanda in 1890.
18
Burundi is a small country with a dense population. It is somewhat smaller than Hawaii but has an eightfold population.
19
Burundi's populace consumes very little protein and fat. As a result, a disorder called kwashiorkor is prevalent.
20
Burundians have a tropical climate, which varies according to elevation.
21
Between February and May and September and November are two rainy seasons.
22
Belgium controlled Burundi till 1962 when it declared independence and established the Kingdom of Burundi.
23
Burundians rely heavily on starchy cereals and tubers. Corn is the primary dietary source.
24
On September 8, 1961, the country held its first election.
25
Beer, which plays a significant role in Burundi's social relations, is consumed with straws.
26
Burundi's official languages are French and Kirundi.
27
Burundi has been troubled by tensions between the generally dominant Tutsi and the Hutu since independence.
28
Burundians adore their cows, not just for the milk and meat but also as a symbol of riches.
29
The country was once known as Ruanda-Urundi.
30
After a cow dies, its meat is consumed, and its horns are buried near the house. Burundians believe that this offers them good fortune.
31
Burundi's history as a country date back more than 500 years.
32
If you want to sample some banana wine or local beer, you'll need to exchange your cash for Burundian Francs, the country's official currency.
33
Burundi has been the site of two genocides. Government troops slaughtered over 100,000 Hutus in 1972. Then, in 1993, the president's assassination precipitated an ethnic conflict that killed over 300,000 lives.
34
Burundi is among the few African nations whose current borders have stayed consistent with the boundaries of ancient Kingdoms.
35
Louis Rwagasore, the very first Prime Minister, was executed just weeks after the election.
36
With a high rate of illiteracy, limited industrial skills, and a scarcity of capital, most Burundians rely on agriculture as their primary source of income.
37
Burundi's national sport is football.
38
From 1993 to 2005, a 12-year ethnic civil conflict raged.
39
Burundians, like other traditional African cultures, adore their conventional alcoholic beverages. The customary way to drink beer is to sit in a circle with a pot in the center.
40
The country's capital, Bujumbura, is home to the country's largest port.
41
Burundi is disproportionately afflicted with sex trafficking and child labor.
42
The life expectancy is relatively low in this area. The average life expectancy in this region is 61.25 years.
43
Burundi has one of the worst internet access rates in the world. Only 3percent of the populace has an internet connection.
44
For the past five hundred years, Burundi has been inhabited by the Twa, Hutu, and Tutsi peoples.
45
Burundi cultivates coffee, tea, sugar cane, cotton, and corn, as well as livestock. Textiles, soap, and the assembling of foreign components are among its industries.
46
Burundi was named the world's hungriest – or most malnourished – country for the third year running in the 2014 Global Hunger Index.
47
Burundians frequently face poverty, corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and lack of accessibility to health and education.
48
The Tutsi people have dominated economic and political life in the country, oppressing the Twa and Hutu majority.
49
Burundi is the world's poorest country when GDP per capita is converted to purchasing power parity (PPP).
50
East Africans, especially Burundians, are well-known for their banana beer production.

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