50 Fascinating Facts about Cuba

Cuba is a devastated island nation that is a part of North America in the Caribbean Sea. Many archipelagoes make up this island nation. Cuba has a population of total 11.1 million. Since Cuba is about 109,884 square kilometers, it is the 105th largest country on the planet. Spanish is the official language of Cuba. Even though they don't have an official religion, Roman Catholicism is prevalent throughout the country. There are blue and white stripes on the backdrop of the Cuba flag, which is horizontal. There is a red triangle on the left side of the flag with a white star in the center. The Cuban peso, often called the Cuban convertible peso, is the island nation's official currency. Officially, two currencies can be used in various parts of the country. As a general rule, most people in Cuba are paid in both currencies and can utilize the Cuban peso to pay for most of their daily needs and purchase luxuries.

Fascinating Facts

1
A member of the Castro family has been in charge of Cuba's government since it became a Marxist-Leninist single-party state.
2
At $68.7 billion in nominal GDP, the country ranks as the world's 63rd largest economy. In terms of total nominal per capita Gross Domestic Product, they rank 88th globally with $6,106.
3
In Cuba, the majority of the labor force is owned and controlled by the state.
4
Fish, medicinal products, coffee, and citrus fruits are some of their most popular exports. Oil, food, chemicals, and machinery are some of their most common imports
5
Cuba's economy used to be heavily dependent on Soviet support. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Cuba's economy went into a steep slump known as the Special Period. Because of this, the government made it legal for businesses to accept U.S. dollars and started enabling self-employment.
6
One of the world's highest literacy rates, at 99.8%, can be found in Cuba.
7
In terms of population, Cuba is the most populous Caribbean nation.
8
Only 90 nautical miles separate Cuba and the southernmost tip of Florida.
9
In Cuba, you can find the world's smallest bird. It's the Bee Hummingbird, a little creature that only reaches a length of 2 inches.
10
On the island nation of Cuba, you'll find a statue of Beatles legend John Lennon. Castro built it in 2000 after declaring John Lennon a revolutionary musician.
11
Spices abound in Cuban cuisine, a mashup of Spanish and Caribbean influences. Common ingredients in classic Mexican dishes
12
are black beans, shredded beef, rice, and plantains.
13
All Cuban children must attend school between the ages of six and fifteen. The color of a student's school uniform indicates the student's grade level.
14
Universal health care is a hallmark of Cuba's medical community; it has contributed tremendously to the advancement of healthcare around the globe.
15
Cubans place a high value on dance. For example, Bolero, Mambo, and Cha Cha originated here.
16
Dolls are burned on New Year's Eve in Cuba to symbolize the end of terrible times and the beginning of better ones in the New Year.
17
Cubans aren't known for compiling their culinary creations. Oral transmission is the only method used by the indigenous peoples.
18
Cubans call the island El Cocodrilo, which means "the crocodile" in Spanish. This is because the island looks like a crocodile from above.
19
It wasn't until 1997 that Christmas in Cuba became a recognized national holiday. When Pope John Paul II came to Cuba in 1998, the country made Christmas a national holiday to prepare for his arrival.
20
In Cuba, there are around 20 newspapers published every day. In the 1950s, there were 58 newspapers published daily.
21
Before 2011, the country's import prohibition meant that the only vehicles on the road were classics dating back to 1959. To make way for more up-to-date automobiles, the ban has been gradually relaxed since 2011.
22
His best-known piece, "For Whom the Bell Tolls," was written while he was a resident of Cuba.
23
Over 4,000 islands and cays make up Cuba. Located in the Western Hemisphere, it is the largest island.
24
Over a quarter of Cuba's territory has been designated as a national park.
25
Since Fidel Castro established Cuba as a communist state, more than one million Cubans have emigrated to the United States.
26
Fidel Castro stepped down as Cuba's president in 2008 after 49 years in office.
27
As a result, the country has the world's highest doctor-to-patient ratio, and many of its doctors are deployed abroad to assist countries that lack adequate medical personnel.
28
Only once has it snowed in Cuba's history. In 1857, an uncommon occurrence occurred.
29
In Cuba, it is against the law to photograph members of the armed forces, law enforcement, or airport officials.
30
Surgery to change one's gender has been lawful in Cuba since 2007 as part of the country's public health care system.
31
A cell phone was outlawed in Cuba until 2008.
32
Locals use one currency, while tourists use the other. This is because of the country's dual currency system.
33
More than $4,000 annually goes to Guantanamo Bay's lease from the United States. Since 1959, Cuba has refused to make the payment.
34
In 1492, Christopher Columbus made his way to Cuba and found the island. For more than 400 years, the territory was held by Spain, which Christopher Columbus claimed.
35
After 54 years of hostility, the United States and Cuba reestablished diplomatic ties in 2015.
36
Residents of the United States had to get permission from their government before traveling to Cuba to restore diplomatic relations.
37
In Cuba, hitchhikers must be picked up by government cars.
38
As of 2013, the average monthly salary in Cuba was around $20.
39
Only a quarter of Cubans had access to the internet in 2011. On the other hand, this number only includes people who have access to state-controlled sites. Access to the open internet was available to only 5% of the population.
40
Computers were unavailable to Cubans until 2008 when the government lifted the embargo.
41
Founded in 1959, Cuba was the first communist-run republic in the Americas.
42
Havana is the world's sixteenth-largest city.
43
Cuba's president is elected for a five-year term. The phrases that can be served are limitless.
44
The most popular sport in Cuba is baseball. Additionally, boxing is well-loved in the nation.
45
Men and women in Cuba must serve two years in the military between the ages of 17 and 28.
46
Cuba's government owns and controls the country's radio and television stations.
47
A new state was born in 1902 when Cuba declared independence from the United States of America.
48
Cubans are required by law to vote.
49
Cuba is home to an ancient fish known as Manger. This fish can only be found in one area on Earth.
50
Cigars from Cuba are often regarded as some of the best in the world. The same firm makes quality Cuban cigars of every variety.

There's a lot of history in the small island nation of Cuba. Because of its decades-long control, Cuba has built up an impressive government structure. Currently, the country is attempting to strengthen its economy and recover from the Special Period that it experienced earlier this decade. A large part of the country's economic resurgence can be attributed to local physicians' exportation of medical services. Despite their poverty, Cubans have a zest for life. They value family above all else and celebrate all major holidays with large get-togethers.

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