50 Fascinating Facts about Denmark

Linked to nearby Sweden by the Öresund bridge, Denmark is a Scandinavian country made up of the Jutland Peninsula and numerous islands. Copenhagen, its capital city, is home to royal palaces, the Tivoli amusement park and the iconic Little Mermaid statue. Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen, best known for his fairy tales, is from the city of Odense. Although Denmark is a relatively small country (it covers an area of 42,924 km2 and has a population of around 5.5 million), its territory includes Greenland, the world's largest island, as well as the Faroe Islands. Both have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 and are now autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic. Denmark, Sweden and Norway were ruled together during the Kalmar Union, but this ended with Swedish secession in 1523. However, the Scandinavian nations continue to have close relationships and, along with Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, Denmark is part of the Nordic Council. The red and white Danish flag holds the record of being the oldest continuously used national flag in the world, dating back to the fourteenth century.

Denmark Facts

Denmark is the most Southern of all the Scandinavian countries and is a Nordic country and Sovereign State
The currency in Denmark is the Danish Krone
Christianity is the main religion in Denmark
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark
Danish is the main language, English and German are the second most spoken foreign languages as they are both compulsory in school
Denmark, Sweden and Norway were ruled under the Kalmar Union until 1523
The Kalmar Union joined these three nations under one single monarch
The union ended when Sweden separated from the Union in 1523
Denmark remained under the union with Norway until 1814
Denmark inherited the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland which are also well known for killing approximately 650 whales a year
Even though they are part of Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands do have governments of their own
It is considered to be one of the happiest countries in the world due to their high standard of living
The world bank classes Denmark as one of the high income economies
Denmark pays the highest income tax rates in the world
Denmark is renowned for having the most highly regarded health and educational systems
All education in Denmark is free including further education
Has 443 islands with only 70 of them actually inhabited
The largest island in Denmark is Zealand
Football is the national sport in Denmark and the team is called Danish Dynamite
In 1992, Denmark were crowned the European champions
Another very popular sport in Denmark is handball
The national flag is the oldest flag in the world that is still in use
Denmark’s flag dates back to 1219
Danish has the oldest monarchy in the world consisting for over 1000 years
Denmark is home to the first and second oldest amusement park in the world. The second oldest is called Tivoli and is known to be the inspiration for Disneyland after Walt Disney visited it
Denmark is home of Klitmoller which is also known as Cold Hawaii, in Scandinavia, it is regarded as one of beaches which is best to surf on. It has become a surfer’s colony
Denmark is the fifth in the world for exporting food, with England first importing from there in 1867
There is no place in Denmark that is more than 30 miles from the sea or over an hour drive
The longest river in Denmark is the Gudena river and came into existence 15,000 years ago
The popular Danish Pastry is also known as Wienerbrod, which is Viennese bread and was introduced in the 1870s.
Wienerbrod was introduced when there was a strike amongst Danish bakers and they were replaced by immigrant bakers from Vienna
Denmark has three letters in its alphabet that are not found in the English alphabet
Please and thank you are not in the Danish vocabulary
Denmark is one of the countries that holds the highest number of divorce rates
It also has the oldest film making company in the world called Nordisk Film
It took Jens Olsen 27 years to build the world clock in Copenhagen
The world Clock is supposed to keep time accurately for the next 570,000 years. It must be wound once a week
Following America, Denmark holds the largest 4th July celebrations
The word and toy Lego, derive from the two Danish words Leg Godt which translates as Play Well. It was invented in 1932 by a Danish carpenter called Ole Kirk Christiansen
The famous author Hans Christian Andersen was from Denmark
According to tradition, if you are not married by the time you are 25, you get cinnamon thrown over you on your birthday and If you are not married by the time you are 30, you get pepper thrown all over you
According to statistics, Denmark is the least corrupt country in the world
Denmark was the first country to legalise pornography in 1969 and it can be purchased anywhere including the petrol stations and is found on all televisions without parental control
Denmark is a very strong cycling nation and one of the most common forms of transport, as there are over twice the amount of bicycles as there are cars
One of the national specialities is Smorrebrod which is an open sandwich on rye bread
Another common speciality is Frikadeller which are veal or pork meatballs. There are many variants of this dish used through Europe sometimes as a side dish and more often as a main dish
Denmark is also well known for its Carlsberg and Tuborg beer
It is common for babies to be left outside while their parents are busy in the shops or cafes as the Danes believe that it is necessary for babies to have plenty of fresh air for good health and development
There is a list of 7,000 pre-approved names that parents can choose from when having a baby
Denmark was the first country to legalise same-sex unions in 1989

Denmark is an economically and socially progressive country with a high standard of living. It consistently ranks highly on metrics of national performance including education, health care and the protection of civil liberties. Denmark also has the highest level of social mobility in the world, as well as a high level of income equality. Happiness is important to Danes, so it's not surprising that the country is also listed as among the happiest in the world and has its own Happiness Research Institute in Copenhagen. The Danish concept of 'Hygge' (meaning comfort and coziness) has even become popular around the world in recent years and is a defining characteristic of Danish culture, which is centered on family and friends, the home, and spending time in nature.


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