50 Fascinating Facts About Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is in the west of Africa. Historically, this country was called Spanish Guinea. They eventually achieved freedom from colonialism in 1968. Nonetheless, the primary language of the country is Spanish. They do, however, speak French or Portuguese. These three languages are also regarded to be the official languages of the nation. Spanish is the only official language in this country.</p> <p>Additionally, it received its name due to its closeness to the Gulf of Guinea and the Equator. It's straightforward enough to comprehend. Another fascinating fact about Equatorial Guinea is that it is a member of the United Nations despite being Africa's smallest country. Fortunately, there are more important things you'd like to learn about this country.

Fascinating Facts

1
Equatorial Guinea is indeed a West African nation bordered by Cameroon and Gabon.
2
Equatorial Guinea is comprised of the continent of Africa's Ro Muni (alternatively called Continental Equatorial Guinea) plus five islands.
3
Equatorial Guinea was discovered by a European in 1471 when Portuguese sailor Fernao do Po discovered the island of Fernando Po, today known as Bioko.
4
Portugal conquered the islands of Annobon & Fernando Po (now Bioko) before giving them to Spain in return for territories in Latin America. As a result, Bioko developed to become a vital hub for the slave trade.
5
The Spanish established a colony at Ro Muni on mainland Equatorial Guinea in 1844, renamed it Western African Territories in 1904, and then Spanish Guinea.
6
Spanish Guinea won independence in 1968, becoming the Republic of the Equatorial Guinea, headed by Francisco Macias Nguema.
7
Equatorial Guinea's flag is composed of horizontal green, white, and red stripes, with a blue triangle just on the left and the national coat of arms inside the center. Blue represents the sea, green represents greenery, white represents peace, and crimson represents the blood lost during the freedom fight.
8
According to total land area, it is the tiniest African country to become a member of the United Nations.
9
It also has the highest rate of adult literacy in Sub-Saharan Africa.
10
Pygmies are indigenous to central Africa, extending from the Congo basin to Gabon or Equatorial Guinea. Pygmies are well-known for their diminutive stature, seldom exceeding half the height of an ordinary adult. Some of them might reach no higher than the knees of an average-height guy.
11
The nation has a tradition of carving masks and sculptures. The crafts from this region are often one-of-a-kind, and they're ideal if you want something to remember your visit to this beautiful part of the nation.
12
Did you realize that beer in Equatorial Guinea is costly? However, a reasonably priced native sugarcane brew is widely accessible across the country.
13
Equatorial Guinea has a tropical environment that is hot and humid with minimal temperature change, so bring your shorts!
14
Equatorial Guinea's national cuisine is succotash, a vegetarian meal of lima beans, vegetables, and fresh herbs cooked in butter. It sounds delectable!
15
Although not many people in this nation love the heat, it's nevertheless fascinating to observe how it thrives in a tropical atmosphere. Additionally, there is minimal fluctuation in the climate of this country. If you're planning an out-of-season summer trip, you might like to consider tanning at this location.
16
A fascinating fact regarding Equatorial Guinea is that they take pleasure in their masks and sculptures. The crafts from this region are often one-of-a-kind, and they're ideal if you want to take something home with you to remind you of the country's natural beauty.
17
Fortunately, this country has mineral and oil resources. That proved to be a disadvantage, as the country's elites kept most of the money for themselves. As just a result, the population of the country is less affluent than it should be. While the capital city has made great strides, it cannot be disputed that it still has a substantial poverty line.
18
With such a wealthy country, it's unsurprising that the president would cling to his position when possible. With that stated, Teodoro Obiang is one of Africa's longest-serving leaders. However, his objectives are primarily selfish, not for the greater good of the community.
19
With a country of this size and wealth, one would anticipate more schools and colleges. Naturally, this is not the case. The only one offered is at the Universidad Nacional de Guinea Equatorial. Additionally, its main campus is just five miles from the capital city.
20
Even though crooked authorities control the country, the people are incredibly kind. Of course, they're struggling to survive in poverty, yet they manage to be kind to others. Even with the country's appalling human rights record, you can see in the people's eyes that they are doing everything they can to seek a brighter tomorrow. They indeed are this country's hope.
21
Equatorial Guinea's primary religion is Christianity, which is practised by 93 per cent of the population. The great majority of Christians (87 percent) are Roman Catholics, followed by Protestants (5 percent) and other religions (5 percent).
22
The Republic of the Equatorial Guinea is the country's official name.
23
A mainland region called Ro Muni and five small islands called Bioko, Annobón, Elobey , and Corisco make up the country's territory.
24
The mainland region, Ro Muni, is bounded on the north by Cameroon and on the east and south by Gabon.
25
Equatorial Guinea's population was projected to be 882,963 persons as of 1 January 2017.
26
It is the world's 141st biggest nation in terms of land area, covering 28,050 square kilometres (10,830 square miles).
27
Equatorial Guinea's capital is Malabo. It is located on the shores of Bioko's north shore. Malabo is Equatorial Guinea's oldest city. Numerous buildings were constructed in the colonial style during Spanish control, coexisting alongside modern structures been built since independence.
28
Equatorial Guinea is indeed a Central African nation.
29
Ro Muni, a sandy coastal plain of the mainland region, climbs to the Crystal Mountains' modest slopes and spurs. East of the mountains, most of the nation is covered in tropical rainforest on a vast plateau.
30
The most significant island, Bioko, is located 32 kilometers (20 miles) off Cameroon's coast. It is a dormant volcano with an area of approximately 2,018 square kilometers (779 square miles). The other islands are likewise volcanic in origin but are far smaller in size than Bioko.
31
Pico Basilé (previously Pico de Santa Isabel), located on the island of Bioko, is Equatorial Guinea's highest peak. With a peak elevation of 3,011 meters (9,878 feet), it is the biggest and tallest of the island's three basaltic shield volcanoes.
32
Equatorial Guinea's coastline measures 296 kilometers (184 miles) in length.
33
Equatorial Guinea's network of protected areas spans around 19 percent of the country's total land area (5,330 square kilometers / 3,310 square miles). It consists of three national parks, as well as nature reserves and other forms of protected land.
The territory that is now Equatorial Guinea's earliest occupants is thought to have been Pygmies, of which only small enclaves survive in northern Ro Muni.
35
From 1827 until 1843, the United Kingdom maintained a post on Bioko to combat the slave trade. After a deal with Spain in 1843, the base was relocated to Sierra Leone.
36
In 1900, the Treaty of Paris resolved opposing claims to the mainland, and the mainland regions were administratively unified under Spanish authority periodically.
37
This country's wealth is not divided evenly among its citizens. Indeed, a sizable part of the population continues to live in poverty.
38
The nation's autocratic government has one of the world's poorest human rights records, routinely placing among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual study of political rights.
39
Pre-independence Equatorial Guinea exported coffee, wood mainly to Spain and Germany and United Kingdom.
40
Equatorial Guinea's primary religion is Christianity, which is practiced by 93 percent of the population.
41
Equatorial Guinea's climate is tropical, with distinct rainy and dry seasons.
42
The coat of arms depicts a silk-cotton tree (also known as the god tree), the country's motto in Spanish – "Unión, Paz, Justicia" – and six golden stars representing the country's five major islands and the mainland.
43
Equatorial Guinea had grown to be one of Sub-Sahara Africa's largest oil producers since 1995 when it discovered oil. However, a sizable percentage of the population remains impoverished.
44
Only Equatorial Guinea & Cameroon are home to the world's most enormous frogs. Goliath frogs (Conraua goliath) may reach a length of 34cm and a weight of more than 3.2kg.
45
Equatorial Guinea does have one of the lowest life expectancy rates in the world. As of 2021, it had the tenth-lowest life expectancy in the world, at just 58.4 years.
46
Ureca, a small town in Equatorial Guinea, is Africa's wettest location and one of the wettest on Earth, getting up to 10,450mm (411 inches) in rain every year.
47
Equatorial Guinea does have the second-highest literacy rate in Sub-Saharan Africa, at 94 percent. The Seychelles is the only country with a higher rate (96 percent ).
48
The exports of crude oil & petroleum gas make for almost 90% of Equatorial Guinea's total exports. It is Africa's fifth largest oil exporter and the world's 26th largest.
49
The average life expectancy in this region is 58.40 years (2018).
50
Equatorial Guinea's national cuisine is succotash, a vegetarian meal made of lima beans, vegetables, and fresh herbs cooked in butter.

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