50 Fascinating Facts About Eritrea

Located on the coast of the Red Sea, Eritrea is home to one of the worst dictatorships in history and is sometimes referred to as the North Korea of Africa. It contains one of the world's finest examples of colonial architecture. Here are some fun facts about Eritrea for you to chew on.

Fascinating Facts

In East Africa, Eritrea borders Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Sudan along the Red Sea.
Tigrigna, Arabic, & English are the most widely spoken languages; Eritrea does not have an official national language.
Italy and the United Kingdom both had control over Eritrea until it declared independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
The life expectancy is 65.94 years on average in this region. (2018)
Moreover than 70,000 automobiles are registered in this country, which equates to 13 cars per 1,000 people.
As per is the top-level domain for Estonia. This add-on is used by over a hundred websites.
It is estimated that the country has moreover than 4 010 km of paved roads (0.01 per cent of all roads in the world).
Four of the 13 airports in the nation are on paved surfaces.
The country has a population of 2.6 million people, which makes it smaller than Poland.
Djibouti is 109 kilometers away, Ethiopia is 912 kilometers away, and Sudan is 605 kilometers away from Eritrea.
Emba Soria, at 3013 meters above sea level, is the highest point in the area.
There are around 350 islands inside the Red Sea off the coast of Eritrea's coast
Eritrea has 75920 km2 (or 75% of its total area) of arable land.
Located at the country's highest point, the town of Adi Key is the most populous.
Forests encompass an area of 15496 square kilometers (15.3 per cent)
Sanaa (Yemen) is 565 kilometers away and serves as the nearest major city.
Apia (Samoa) is the furthest capital from Asmara in a straight line, at 16709 kilometers.
In this nation, there are more than 306 kilometers of railroad tracks.
Agriculture in Eritrea includes vegetables, lentils, sorghum (a cereal), cotton (a cotton fibre), corn (a corn stalk), sisal (a sisal fibre), and tobacco (a tobacco leaf).
The national currency is the Eritrean Nakfa.
The name Eritrea is derived from the ancient Greek "Erythra Thalassa," which means the Red Sea, the largest body of water that borders the country.
The wreath's 30 leaves refer to the number of years that Eritrea was embroiled in civil conflict before gaining its independence.
There is an outstanding array of art deco architecture in this city. The Italian colonial period left behind many modernist architecture styles such as rationalist, futurist, art deco, and others.
An ancient human skeleton found in Eritrea is one of the oldest known. A one-million-year-old hominid skull was discovered in Eritrea near the Red Sea coast in 1998 in the hamlet of Buia.
Eritrea was a component of the Aksumian kingdom from the third century until the sixth century. As the "largest market in northeastern Africa," Aksum was a strong ancient monarchy in northern Ethiopia that traded as far as Alexandria beyond the Nile River.
A language indigenous to Eritrea is known as Nara Bana; Nara means heaven or sky in Eritrean. They came to Eritrea as an exile from the Nile region of Africa, and they intermarried with the indigenous pygmy populations.
Eritreans have had a president, Isaias Afwerki, since 1991. Eritrea's presidency has been the same since the country gained its independence from Ethiopia.
In Eritrea's recent history, women have fought side by side with males. During the Italian and Ethiopian wars, women took up guns to aid their male counterparts. This is mainly because Eritrea has a tiny population but has been involved in many conflicts during which hundreds or thousands of men died.
Rare fish species have been found in Eritrea. Fishing is still a popular pastime, particularly among visitors. All you have to do is rent a fishing boat and go fishing while admiring Eritrea's stunning Red Sea coastline. Included among the most frequent sea life found only in the tropics are the deep-ocean dragonet and stargazer fish, along with gobius and snailfishes. Cyprinid Garra fish & Lake Abaeded fish are among the most frequent freshwater fish.
In all, Eritrea has ten official languages, with English serving as the lingua franca.
Eritrea has never had a successful election since gaining its independence in 1993. They've had scheduled and rescheduled elections the entire time I've lived there. As of 1997, Eritrea was a multi-party democracy, thanks to the adoption of a new constitution.
East Africa's Eritrea is a stunning destination with year-round sunshine and warm temperatures. Sudan, Djibouti, and Ethiopia all border it on the other side, and it also has a beach on the Red Sea on the eastern side.
Coastal desert plains and hills in the east, flat to rolling plains in the northwest, and highland topography in the southwest make up the landscape here.
About half the size of the United Kingdom, Eritrea has 46,774 square miles (121,144 square kilometres).
At 5.32 million people in 2019, Eritrea was about 1/10th the size of the United Kingdom.
With a size of 4,694 square miles (12,158 square kilometres) and a population of 804,000 in 2015, Asmara is the country's capital.
A semiarid climate is experienced by Eritreans living in the west; colder and wetter weather is experienced by Eritreans living in the centre; and hot, dry weather is experienced by Eritreans residing along the coast.
To put it another way, Eritrea is in the Afar Depression, one of the world's hotter regions.
Incredibly, Eritrea is home to so many different species of animals despite the country's extreme heat! There are lions, tigers, lionesses, hyenas, polecats, donkeys, otters, giraffes, and gazelles, to name a few!
Around 20% of the 250 coral species in Eritrea's seas are endemic, meaning they can only be found there.
4.7% of the population over the age of 15 is illiterate (approximately 245 716 people).
As a result, there are no elections in Eritrea, which is a one-party state. They call it "one of the most hidden authoritarian governments in Africa."
According to the World Press Freedom Index, Eritrea has the lowest level of the press freedom of any country examined.
Fiat Taglieri has a service station in Asmara. The futurist structure, which was completed in 1938 and resembled an aeroplane, was a huge success.
Known initially as Italian Eritrea, Eritrea takes its name from the Greek word for the Red Sea. The nation's name is derived from Erythrais, the old Greek name of the Red Sea, which connects to the Erythraean Sea. Despite Ethiopian and British occupation, the name stuck. The country's vote for independence in 1993 reaffirmed the name Eritrea.
Eritrea's tallest peak, Emba Soria, rises to a height of approximately 9,902 feet. The Eritrean highlands include Emba Soria, which may be found on Debub's southeast side. Access to the peak is possible by a paved road to Senate city, located 83.9 miles south of Asmara.
A community of monks in the 650-year-old Debre Bizen, established in the 1350s, continues to practise extreme austerity.
Eritrea became a sovereign state in 1993 after a long struggle for independence. Since 2004, no regional or municipal elections have been held in the country, and no national or presidential elections have been held since 1993, resulting in just one president throughout that period.
A whole coastline has been designated a reserve for the first time in this country's history. Dahlak is a collection of deserted islands famous for its pearl production throughout the globe.
In Eritrea's Afar area, a million-year-old cranium exhibiting both Homo Sapien & Homo erectus was discovered. The oldest known fossil of a modern human had been found 600,000 years earlier in Bodo, Ethiopia.