Located in Northern Europe, the Republic of Estonia is the official name of this country. In terms of square kilometers, it's 45,228 square kilometers in size. Tallinn, the country’s capital, and largest city is located on the Baltic Sea. Estonian is the country's official language. The Euro (€) is the country's official currency (EUR). Latvia, Russia, and Finland form its three external borders. Estonia is a landlocked nation located on the Baltic Sea's eastern shore. Tallinn's Old Town, museums, and observation deck of the Tallinn TV Tower, which rises to 314 meters, are all highlights of the capital. Let's take a closer look at this place!

Fascinating Facts

1
Starship Technologies, founded in 2014 by Skype co-founders Janus Friis and Ahti Heinla, has built the world's first self-driving delivery robots, some of which could be seen moving through Tallinn's suburbs.
2
For a country with a land area of just over 45,000 square kilometers, the population is estimated at 1.3 million people, making it one of Europe's least densely inhabited; over half of the country is covered in forest.
3
According to specific accounts, St. Olaf's Church was reputedly the world's tallest structure between 1549 and 1625. The church's 125-meter tower was built in 1590 and has been struck by lightning ten times. Since its construction in the 1200s, the church also has burnt down three times.
4
As a component of Peter, the Great's naval fortification, the Seaplane Hangars, which house the Seaplane Harbour Museum today, were constructed between 1916 and 1917. When built, the hangars were the most giant reinforced concrete shell constructions ever built. Charles Lindbergh even made an appearance in the area during his flight over the Atlantic, arriving in the 1930s.
5
Walter Zapp, a Baltic German residing in Estonia in 1936, invented the "spy camera" known as the Minox subminiature camera. Minox is still active in the optical and photography equipment business today.
6
According to a 2011 poll, Estonia is one of the world's "least religious" countries, with just 29% of the people declaring that religion is significant in their everyday lives. That does not mean that the remainder of the Estonian population is atheist; Neo-Pagan, Buddhist, or Hindu beliefs have grown in popularity in the recent decade.
7
Every country has its share of Christmas customs, some of which may seem a little strange to foreigners, and Estonia is no exception. Instead of leaving milk and cookies out for Father Christmas, Estonian children leave slippers on the windowsill for the elves, who will, in return, leave sweets in the morning.
8
Sült (head cheese), roasted pig, and potatoes are all traditional Estonian Christmas fare. Blood sausage is another popular dish, paired with lingonberry jam & sauerkraut. Many Tallinn restaurants offer special Christmas menus that include some of the city's most popular specialities for the holidays. At the Town Hall Square Christmas Market, blood sausage and sauerkraut, as well as a hot cup of glögg, may all be sampled (mulled wine).
9
Many celebrations, including Christmas, were outlawed during the Soviet era. Instead, Estonians observed the festival of näärid. Even though going to church on Christmas Eve was against the law, many Estonians did it secretly and informally in their houses with close friends and family, generally behind drawn curtains, on Christmas Day.
10
As the name implies, Pööripäev, or the Winter Solstice, occurs on December 21st. As opposed to summer's longest day (the longest night of the year), which has 18 hours of daylight, just 6 hours of daylight remain on the solstice.
11
The 'pouring of luck' is a popular New Year's Eve custom known as one calamine. Lead is melted in a metal spoon over a fire and poured into ice-cold water rapidly or slowly. Interesting lead figures will appear, and they will reveal your karma and your luck for the upcoming year.
12
In Estonia, the coldest months are January & February, when lows reach -35C. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Estonia was -43.5C on January 17th, 1940, in eastern Estonia.
13
Did you know that various parts of Estonia speak distinct dialects of the same language? Like the Setos in southern Estonia, whose dialect and kingdom have around 12,000 speakers, they have their unique language and culture. There are about 75,000 people who speak Vru's native dialect. Both dialects are listed as endangered by UNESCO.
14
Only three cities in Estonia have populations larger than 50,000, despite Estonia's size. When it comes to population size, Tallinn, Tartu, & Narva are the clear front runners.
15
Were you aware that certain towns in Estonia have a name? Pärnu is the summer capital, followed by Otepää in winter, Türi in spring, and Otepää in fall.
16
The Tartu Marathon, an annual gathering of thousands of skiers in Otepää, takes place every year. Two marathon lengths are available as part of the Worldloppet cross-country skiing series: 63 km and 31 km. There are also activities specifically designed for children!
17
The terrain of Estonia is not entirely flat. Located at 317.2 metres, the highest peak is known as Suur Munamägi (Big Egg Hill). Estonians take great pride in Suur Munamägi being the highest point in the Baltics.
18
In Estonia, you're allowed to drive on the ice. That is if it is chilly outside. You may travel between Estonia's islands if the winters are frigid (like the ones we used to get). There are road signs and speed restrictions to guide drivers.
19
Even though it's dark outside, the fluttering reflectors (also known as helkurid) on everyone's jackets and luggage provide a glimmer of light. Many youngsters do, but adults are required to wear them as well.
20
Exports of wooden homes from Estonia are among the highest in Europe. In addition to Scandinavia, Germany, the UK, and Japan, Estonian businesses export 85-90 per cent of their products to these countries and South Africa and South Korea.
21
The Northern Mariana Island has a lower ratio of men than Estonia, where there are 84 women for every 100 men.
22
Do you know about the upcoming fifth season? The "fifth season" floods of melting snow and heavy rains are what make Soomaa National Park famous.
23
Arvo Pärt is the most performed composer in the world today. Tintinnabuli is a compositional method he created. He is well-known for his minimalist style.
24
Tallinn has the distinction of being a former Olympic host city. Tallinn hosted the Olympic regatta at the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics.
25
Estonia is a small country with a smattering of islands along its coastline. Estonia contains 2222 islands, 318 of which are larger than a hectare (a unit of measurement equivalent to one square kilometre). There are year-round residents on twenty-two of the world's islands.
26
Estonians are known to be sprats obsessed. When in doubt, go with tinned vürtsikilu and black bread for an Estonian experience.
27
Estonians provided the first meal eaten in orbit. In 1962, a Pltsamaa manufacturer became the Soviet space program's caterer and began packing ready-made meals inside tin tubes, the only accessible container at the time.
28
More than 500 names or stories have been written about the wolf in Estonian mythology. As a result, the wolf was selected as Estonia's national animal for the year, only fitting.
29
One of the most massive meteorites ever to strike the Earth landed in the town of Kaali on the Estonian island of Saaremaa. According to one estimate, Saaremaa is also the geographic centre of Europe.
30
When marzipan was initially employed as a medicine in Estonia because of its supposed healing powers, it was one of its oldest desserts. It's estimated that just six professional marzipan artists remain in the entire European Union.
31
Estonians created their sport, kicking, which they first played in mediaeval times. It consists of a swing with steel arms that allows a person to rotate 360 degrees around the axis of the wing. The winner of the sport is the one who can swing the farthest over the fulcrum with the most swing arms.
32
2015 European Tree of the Year Award was given to an oak tree in Orissaare called Saaremaa.
33
The number of startups per capita in the nation is also the highest in Europe.
34
In 2011, Estonia became the third country to use the Euro as its official currency.
35
The first Christmas tree was erected in Estonia in the 15th century.
36
You may file your tax return in less than 10 minutes in Estonia and establish your company online using the public system in less than 5 minutes. In 2012, it was the third-best country in the world for press freedom.
37
Since entering the EU, Estonia has been an increasingly central transhipment zone for narcotics, including marijuana, coke, heroin, and opioids.
38
The country's name derives from the "Ests" people who first inhabited the area.
39
Near 2005, a 48.6-meter-tall tree in Plvamaa, Estonia, was recognised as the countries tallest.
40
Estonians are fans of all things dark, including dark bread and dark humour.
41
Estonians use the word "normal" to describe what they consider to be excellent.
42
The Republic of Estonia is the driving force behind E-Residency, a new digital nation for worldwide citizens. Since Estonia is the first country to offer e-Residency, the digital ID issued by the government may be used worldwide.
43
In 1248, Tallinn was granted city status. The Old Town of Tallinn has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
44
The country also has the distinction of being the first to impose a single rate of income tax.
45
As a result, Estonia is one of the most pristine locations in the world to breathe.
46
Nearly half of the land is covered in forest, while just 22% is used for agriculture.
47
Even if you only spent a few euros in Estonia, you'd get a receipt for it.
48
The use of dipped headlights while driving is likewise mandated in Estonia.
49
It is the EU member state with the smallest population.
50
In addition to English, a significant number of people in the nation speak Russian.

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