50 Fascinating Facts About Eswatini (fmr. "Swaziland")

Eswatini is a landlocked country bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. It was previously known as the Kingdom of Swaziland but changed its name to Eswatini recently. It is one of the world's last remaining absolute monarchies, with a healthy population, diverse terrain, and rolling hills. The country is a popular tourist destination and is home to some of the gorgeous landscapes on the continent. Swaziland's lush and hilly Kingdom, now officially known as eSwatini, is Africa's last absolute monarchy, bordering Mozambique in the southeast. This tiny but scenically stunning country is a hiker's paradise, with green peaks, rivers, ravines, undulating valleys, and waterfalls. Nature reserves are the primary draw here. While only a few of them are home to the Big Five, they all offer an intimate game viewing experience, beautiful mountain scenery, and an abundance of species. Swaziland also takes pride in preserving its enthralling culture, traditions, and festivals. Nonetheless, there are several fascinating and peculiar fun facts about the country that many people may or may not be aware of. The following are some enthralling facts.

Fascinating Facts

1
They rebranded themselves in 2018. Swaziland had been the country's name since colonial times.
2
It is one of Africa's best-watered countries. Numerous African countries face water scarcity, but not Eswatini.
3
The Hlane Game Sanctuary is home to the country's largest herds of game and is one of the few remaining areas in Swaziland.
4
Eswatini is Africa's last surviving monarchy.
5
Sibebe Rock in Eswatini is the second-largest monolith (single piece of rock) globally, trailing only Australia's Uluru
6
Until the preceding King, King Sobhuza II, Eswatini was a diarchy, with power evenly split between two heads of state.
7
Swati is a small country located between South Africa and Mozambique.
8
Eswatini is blessed with incredible wildlife, flora, and fauna, with 132 mammalian species, 500 bird species, and around 3,500 indigenous plant species. Additionally, you should be aware that it is one of the few areas in the world where both black and white rhinos can be found!
9
Regrettably, a large portion of Eswatini's wildlife has been decimated due to human expansion throughout the country.
10
In Eswatini, visitors can view the famed big five, including the lion, leopard, rhino, elephant, and buffalo. Additionally, the Kingdom is one of the few places in the world home to BOTH black and white rhinos.
11
The Swazi Market, a must-see destination for souvenir-hungry travelers, is in Mbabane, Swaziland's cool-climate capital.
12
Eswatini is one of Africa's smallest countries. Eswatini is the seventh smallest country in the region, with 54 nations.
13
Mswati III presently has fifteen wives. His forerunner had 125. He may choose a new spouse at the yearly reed dance, a cultural celebration of virginity and purity.
14
The defeated Kuomintang administration retreated to Taiwan following the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949.
15
Swaziland derives its name from one of its most illustrious kings, Mswati I.
16
The world's only remaining absolute monarchy.
17
Eswatini is made up of around 70 distinct clans. The Dlamini are the most prominent clan, having arrived in the territory in the nineteenth century.
18
King Sobhuza II, the current King's father, reigned from 1899 to 1982, occupying the throne for 82 years and 253 days. This makes him the world's longest-reigning monarch.
19
Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary is in the beautiful Ezulwini Valley and is one of Swaziland's first conservation zones and most popular game reserve.
20
Eswatini is one of the few places on Earth where black and white rhinos coexist together.
21
Reed dance, a world-famous festival, is held in Eswatini every year. Tens of thousands of women from across the country attend the festival.
22
There are other gorgeous mountain ranges throughout the world, from the Atlas to the Himalayas, but nothing compares to what you'll find in Eswatini in terms of age.
23
The British awarded independence to the country in 1968.
24
Reed Dance is an annual cultural festival that honors virginity and purity.
25
The country's primary export is sugar, although many Swazis visit South Africa to send money to families in Eswatini.
26
This ironic anecdote is entirely accurate. Additionally, Eswatini is renowned for having the world's youngest monarch at the time of his coronation. King Mswati III, the present monarch, was only 18 years old when he took to the throne
27
The 18,000-hectare Malolotja Nature Reserve in northwest Swaziland is the country's largest protected area.
28
Eswatini cultivates various crops, including sugar cane, corn, rice, citrus fruits, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts, and pumpkins. Additionally, it is home to numerous cotton farms
29
According to Swazi legislation, game rangers in Eswatini have the authority to shoot and kill poachers caught in the act.
30
Visitors to Eswatini are particularly taken with the monarchy. Members of the royal family can be identified by their crimson headdresses.
31
Eswatini is recognized for hosting some of the continent's largest and most magnificent cultural festivals. Dance is a vital aspect of Swazi culture and is performed at a variety of events.
32
Here is Africa's most significant nesting vulture population.
33
According to UNICEF data, Eswatini has the highest HIV prevalence rate in the world.
34
The country is home to the oldest mine in the world. Ngwenya Mine, located north of the Kingdom, is believed to be the world's oldest mine, with iron ore concentrations that date back to one of the world's earliest geological formations
35
Mlawula Nature Reserve is scenic and diverse, occupying a transitional zone spanning the Lowveld to the Lebombo Mountains.
36
Every year, the Bushfire Festival takes place. This festival attracts visitors from all over the world to Eswatini.
37
Eswatini is a landlocked country, meaning it is surrounded by land and has no sea access. There are 45 such countries and five partially recognised states now.
38
Between 85 and 90% of Eswatini's population is Christian.
39
The country is a famous tourist destination, with gorgeous scenery and an abundance of wildlife.
40
It is home to the second-largest rock in the world — Sibebe Rock!
41
Sibebe Rock in Eswatini is the world's second-largest monolith. Australia is home to the world's largest monolith.
42
The country is divided into two capital cities.
43
A visit to Swaziland is incomplete without seeing its vibrant culture and welcoming people. Visitors are welcome to observe portions of the two major festivals' ceremonies.
44
Since Eswatini was a British colony until 1968, English was the official language.
45
Eswatini has a low life expectancy rate, with men living an average of 55.1 years, women living an average of 59.3 years, and the whole population living an average of 57.2 years. It is rated 215th out of 223 countries and territories on the UN's list.
46
Hlane Royal National Park is a birdwatcher's haven. The Park is home to Africa's most significant nesting vulture population.
47
The small and humble National Museum in Lobamba is set in lovely gardens and features excellent displays about Swaziland's history, culture, and natural history.
48
Ceremonial dances are a significant component of Eswatini's culture, with the Umhlanga Reed Dance and the Incwala being the two most notable
49
For an extremely long period, Eswatini has been home to talented painters.
50
In comparison to most monarchs worldwide, the Eswatini monarchy is distinctive due to its large number of royals.

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