Europe – 34 Facts You Should Know

Including neighboring islands, Europe’s 4,000,000 square miles (10,360,000 square kilometers) make it the sixth-largest continent globally (1992 est. pop. 512,000,000). It’s part of the enormous Eurasian continent, which makes up a peninsula of the same name. Based on historical precedents, it is divided from Asia by three waterways: The Urals and Ural River in the east; the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains in the southeast; and the Black Sea and its tributaries (the Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, as well as the Dardanelles) in the south. Gibraltar Strait and the Mediterranean Sea divide it from Africa. There are two oceans in Europe: the Arctic and the Atlantic. The North Sea and Baltic Sea are linked to both of these oceans.


Europe’s Religion and Language

Europe has long been seen as a Christian continent. Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and Roman Catholic are the three major Christian denominations on the European continent. As long as the Roman Empire lasted, the city of Rome served as the spiritual and physical center of the Roman Catholic Church. Romance-language Latin has been used for 1,500 years by the Catholic Church to spread religion across southern Europe.

When Constantinople, now known as Istanbul, rose to prominence, it caused a rift within the Roman Catholic Church. In the Slavic countries of Eastern Europe and Russia, the Orthodox Church established itself as the dominant force. In the fourteenth century, the Protestant Reformation and a breach with the Roman Catholic Church were brought about by reformers like Martin Luther. Protestant churches have dominated Northern Europe ever since the Protestant Reformation began in the 16th century.

Europe is home to three major Indo-European language families. Even though there are more linguistic groupings, the three most common correspond to the three major religious groups. The Slavic linguistic group dominates in the eastern part of the country, in which the Eastern Orthodox Church is strongest. The Germanic linguistic group may be found in the north along with Protestantism. The Romance languages are more widely spoken in southern Europe, dominated by Roman Catholicism.

Geologic History

Europe’s geological record is an excellent illustration of how a continent has evolved through time. Europe’s Precambrian rocks are between 3.8 billion and 541 million years old. The Paleozoic Era (which ended 252 million years ago), the Mesozoic Era (which lasted 66 million years ago), and the Cenozoic Era (which began 66 million years ago) are all superseded by rocks (i.e., the past 66 million years). It wasn’t until roughly 5 million years ago that Europe took on its current form. Several kinds of rocks, tectonic landforms, and sedimentary basins were formed throughout Europe’s geological history.

The continent’s greatest section of oldest rocks, the Baltic Shield, has been worn to a low relief. The Alpine system, which is still populated by high mountains, has the world’s youngest rocks. Some sedimentary strata produce undulating hills in the Paris Basin and southern England or broad plains on the Russian Platform between those areas. The North Sea is a shallow-water sedimentary basin on the continental edge of the Atlantic Ocean. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the still-open Atlantic Ocean make Iceland a one-of-a-kind European island.


Belgian chocolate is a well-known delicacy. As a result, people flock to Brussels Airport, which sells more chocolate than any other location on Earth. The city is known for its fine chocolate. If you're in Brussels, don't forget to stop by the airport and pick up a few boxes of Belgian chocolate!
The Danish Monarchy has ruled Denmark for more than a millennium since it was established in 935 by Viking monarchs Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth. This is Europe's oldest royal dynasty, dating back to Gorm the Old and including the present Queen Margrethe II.
If you want to give your kid a name that isn't one of the 7,000 permitted baby names in Denmark, you'll have to get approval from the government. Bans have been placed on the names Jakobp, Anus, Ashleiy, Monkey, and Pluto, so if you wanted one of those, good luck.
Almost entirely in the northern hemisphere, the European continent may be found mostly in the eastern hemisphere. The Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea share Europe's northern, western, and southern boundaries.
In 2022, Europe will have 50 nations and around 792 million inhabitants.
More than 13 million people call Moscow home, making it Russia's most populous metropolis. Russia's second-largest city, Saint Petersburg, with 5.3 million residents. Located completely in Europe, Moscow is the continent's most populous metropolis!
Since Vatican City is the world's tiniest nation, it's a safe bet it's also Europe's. Both in terms of population and land area, the city-state, an Italian exclave, is the smallest nation.
Great Britain/UK is the continent's largest island. Greenland is Europe's biggest island since Denmark owns it. As the biggest island in the world, Greenland is often referred to. Greenland, on the other hand, is situated in North America.
The world's tiniest town, Hum in Croatia, is the world's tiniest town. Only 30 people live in the town. Find out more about Croatia by visiting this page.
Istanbul, Turkey's largest metropolis, is sometimes considered Europe's biggest city because of its massive population. There are two continents in Istanbul: the western section is European, while the eastern part is Asian. About 17 million people live in Istanbul. Nonetheless, Moscow is Europe's most populated city by far!
1.8 million years ago, Europe was supposed to have been home to the earliest human-like creatures.
The Minoan civilization was established in Crete in the 27th century BC.
Hundreds of years later, ancient Greece was born in the 7th century BC. Democracy began to take root in ancient Europe.
The Renaissance was a period in Europe from the 14th through the 17th centuries that saw a revival of art, philosophy, literature, and culture. Bridged the gap between both the Middle Ages and today's society. 'The Renaissance'
One of history's most significant eras, the Industrial Revolution, started in Britain in the 18th century and ultimately extended to the rest of Europe, Japan, and the United States.
Are you seeking a spot where mosquitoes aren't a problem? Antarctica and Iceland are the only regions where mosquitoes are not a problem. You're undoubtedly eager to begin planning a vacation to a lovely European nation where you won't have to worry about mosquito bites. Don't forget your insect spray if you're camping somewhere in Europe.
On Sundays in Switzerland, it is against the law to mow your lawn. Other than that, you can't do things like construct anything or hang your clothes outside. Sundays should be quiet and peaceful, with no interruptions from the outside world. Doesn't it sound amazing?
In Denmark, it is mandatory to use a name from an authorized list when having a child. With 7000 names, you are sure to discover something to your liking.
According to the Pew Research Center, about 5% of Europe's population is Muslim. Only 2.4 percent of the world's Muslims fall within this category. Even though just 5% of Europe's population identifies as Muslim, Islam has been the continent's second-largest religion. On the other hand, Europe is home to 26% of the world's Christian population. Christianity is the most common religion in Europe, with 76 percent of Europeans identifying themselves as Christian. 18% of Europeans are unaffiliated with any faith, according to Europe statistics.
Numerous mountain ranges may be found across Europe. Mount Elbrus in Russia is Europe's highest mountain. The Alps, the Carpathians, the Pyrenees mountain range, as well as the Caucasus Mountains are some of the most popular mountain ranges. Hiking and skiing on these breathtaking peaks is a joy. With its snow-capped peaks and quaint chalets, Europe's mountains have long caught the imagination of travelers.
Currently, there are 21 wine-producing nations in the EU. Regulation of wine zones by the European Union helps growers and consumers by ensuring that wine types are clearly labeled. According to statistics, European Union vineyards produce 44% of the world's wine and raisins. European Union member states Italy, France, and Spain produce the most wine globally.
The day to celebrate European solidarity is known as "Europe Day." The fact that there are two distinct celebrations may not help! The inaugural Europe Day was held on May 5, 1949, the day of the Council of Europe's founding. In contrast, the European Union declares May 9 to be "Europe Day." In the 1950s, they started honoring Europe Day as a national holiday.
The World's Richest Economy is located in Europe. According to the World Bank, Europe is home to one-third of the world's total wealth. Even though Europe is the second smallest continent in the globe, it is the wealthiest. The European Union, which consists of 18 nations and uses the euro as its currency, is its biggest economic region.
Europe is home to the world's second-most active volcano. The most active volcano in Europe is Mount Etna. Although it hasn't erupted since 2014, Sicily's Mount Etna is always on the verge of another eruption. Second, only to Mount St. Helens in terms of activity, Mount Etna is the most active volcano on Earth. Kilauea, a volcano on the island of Hawaii, is the world's most active.
The world's largest and the smallest countries may be found in Europe. The smallest and biggest nations are both found in Europe. Rome's Vatican City, the world's smallest sovereign state, is situated inside the city. Size-wise, it's around 0.2 square miles. Russia has an area of 6,602,000 square miles, making it the world's biggest nation. According to Europe data, most of Russia's territory is situated in Asia, yet the European section of Russia is home to around 77% of Russia's inhabitants.
Orkney Islands Westray, as well as Papa Westray, are connected by a 1.7-mile flight operated by Loganair. This critical trip is scheduled to last 90 seconds and is a lifeline for many communities. The record for the quickest flight, on the other hand, stands at 47 seconds. These breathtaking images demonstrate why Scotland has been one of the world's most beautiful nations.
Russian Mount Elbrus, which rises 5,642 feet above sea level, is Europe's tallest peak. Located in the Caucasus mountain range, this peak is a must-see.
Mont Blanc, Europe's tallest mountain, is located in the Alps. The 4,810 m/15,781 ft high mountain stands on the border between Italy and France. The Alps are also the continent's longest and tallest mountain range!
It's estimated that Europe is home to around 10% of the world's total population. More than 110 million people reside in Russia's European region, which accounts for 78 percent of the country's total population. The Romance, Slavic, & Germanic language families account for the vast majority (almost 90%) of the people in Europe.
In no way, shape, or form should you clink your glasses together in Hungary? Don't do it in Hungary if you're accustomed to exchanging "cheers" and "glass clinking" with your buddies. This tradition dates back to the defeat of Hungary by Austria in the 1848 revolution. Clink your beer glasses in celebration of Austria's triumph. Since then, no one in Hungary has raised a glass to a toast by clinking it together. Instead, say "Egészségedre" and look your Hungarian pals in the eye before taking a sip.
Iceland is a mosquito-free zone because there are no small ponds, and the temperature is too cold for mosquitoes to reproduce.
In Europe, people speak more than 200 different languages. While the European Union recognizes just 24 languages as "official," there are more than 200 dialects and dialects spoken throughout the continent. English, French, and German are three of the 24 "procedural" languages. Around38 percent of the European population t
Europe is the world's second-tiniest continent by land area after the United States. There are 50 nations in total, 47 of which are a part of the Council of Europe (CoE). The European Union, which governs economic and political affairs in the area, there are 28 members. In addition to being the cradle of Western civilization, Europe is a sought-after tourist destination today.
The Danish language lacks a word for "please." Danish has no literal equivalent for "please," which is a bit of a surprise considering the country's reputation for happiness. There is no "please" in the Danish language, but it doesn't mean that politeness is out of the question.