50 Fascinating Facts About Gambia

The Gambia is one of several African nations with a long history shaped mainly by the transatlantic slave trade. In 1765, once Portugal's dominion had come to an end, Britain invaded and created the Province of Senegambia on the continent. Elizabeth II became Gambia's Queen after the country gained its independence from the British Empire in 1898.</p> <p>The Gambia has been increasingly popular as a vacation destination in recent years. Even though the country's environment allows visitors to visit all year round, eateries and beaches with fine sand are seldom crowded. A peaceful beach where one may unwind and replenish one's energy resources is easily accessible to those who like to spend their holidays and rest by themselves. Unfortunately, not enough is known about the country's history, people, and culture. After much deliberation, we've chosen to rectify the situation and provide our readers with information that will help them better understand the Gambia and the people who live there. Let's look at these facts.

Fascinating Facts

The Gambia is a West African nation.
The Gambia (officially known as the Republic of The Gambia, but commonly referred to as the just Gambia) is a tiny country located on the floodplain of the Gambia River in West Africa's interior.
Except for a tiny stretch of shoreline along the Atlantic Ocean, it is entirely encircled by Senegal.
Despite its tiny size, The Gambia has a high population density for a non-island country. It's estimated that urban dwellers make up half of the country's total population.
Banjul, the country's capital, is situated on the Atlantic Ocean's coast.
Passengers, cargo, and mail may all be transported down the Gambia River, which runs the whole length of the country.
As a slave from The Gambia, Kunte Kinte was the hero of the novel Roots, which became a worldwide success because of the character.
Humans are prohibited from visiting Baboon Islands, a chimpanzee rehabilitation facility.
Bird watchers are drawn to the area because of the 569 different kinds of birds that can be found there.
Borash, a type of wrestling prevalent in The Gambia, is a popular sport. In the 13th century, tribes fought for supremacy in what is now known as a sport.
The Gambia's main export is peanuts, which are utilized in a variety of local cuisines.
he Republic of A Gambia is the country's full name on official documents.
Except for the western extremity of its coastline on the Atlantic Ocean, The Gambia is entirely bordered by Senegal.
English is the country's official language.
At 10,689 square kilometers, it's the 159th-largest nation in the world (4,127 square miles). It is the continent's tiniest nation.
Informally known as the City of Banjul, Banjul is The Gambia's capital. It was once known as Bathurst. Bamako is located on the Gambia River's estuary, on St. Mary's Island (Banjul Island). A series of bridges connect the island to the West African mainland and the rest of the Greater Banjul Area.
Upriver interior, the Gambia River's grassy flood plain turns into West Sudanian grassland and contains Guinean mangroves.
Moreover, one-third of The Gambia's land surface is covered by water, making about 11.5 percent of the total land area.
The Gambia has a coastline that stretches over 80 kilometers
The Gambia is a fantastic beach vacation location throughout the year, with highs ranging from 29 to 34 degrees Celsius. Even at the height of the season, famous beaches offer an abundance of beach bars, restaurants, and sun loungers, so they're seldom crowded. Almost the whole coast is lined with golden sand, and no matter what time of year it is, you can always find a private beach to yourself.
The Republic of The Gambia is the country's full name on official documents.
Except for the western extremity of its coastline on the Atlantic Ocean, The Gambia is entirely bordered by Senegal.
English is the country's official language
Gambia's population was estimated at 2,088,398 people on January 1, 2017.
There is just one river in The Gambia, and it is a relatively tiny nation. At its widest point, the country is just 48 kilometers (30 miles) broad.
Upriver interior, the Gambia River's grassy flood plain turns into West Sudanian grassland and contains Guinean mangroves.
The Gambia River is a significant waterway in Africa. Located in northwest Guinea, it spans 1,120 kilometers (700 miles) to the Atlantic Ocean at Banjul. Only approximately half of it is navigable.
With 53 meters (174 feet), Red Rock is the country's highest point.
Four hundred thirty square kilometers (22,750 square miles) or roughly 4% of Ethiopia's land area is protected by a network of national parks. Nature reserves, a bird refugee center, and other protected areas comprise the region's three national parks.
There is a nature reserve called Abuko Nature Reserve located south of Abuko. In addition to being a well-known tourist destination, it also serves as the country's first wildlife refuge. In 1916, the Lamin Stream, which runs through the reserve, was walled off to serve as a water collecting station, giving the region its first measure of protection. In the 1960s, the fund was formally established and has been in place ever since.
Arab traders in the ninth and tenth centuries kept the first written records of the region
By the middle of the 15th century, the Portuguese had arrived by sea and had taken control of the world's trade.
As with many West African nations, The Gambia has ties to the slave trade, which was a significant element in establishing and maintaining a Portuguese colony just on Gambia River, known as A Gâmbia at the time.
Later, on May 25, 1765, the British government officially took possession of The Gambia, establishing the Province of Senegambia as part of the British Empire
The Gambia became a constitutional monarchy inside the Commonwealth on February 18, 1965, with Queen Elizabeth II as the titular head of state.
The Gambia is Africa's tiniest country, with little over 1,000 square miles. About 113 miles long and 37.23 broads, the country has a total area of 37,23 square miles.
Gambians vote by dropping a stone into a hole in the ground marked with the name of the candidate they want to support during elections. Great for the environment, as it reduces the amount of paper used!
Many crocodile ponds may be found in the Gambia. One of three holy crocodile pools in Bakau, the Kachikally crocodile pool, fertility rites is performed.
The Gambians think that crocodiles are endowed with supernatural abilities. For instance, if a lady is infertile, the sacred one, the marabou, will direct her to bathe in a nearby crocodile pond. Once she's gone through this, she should be able to bear children.
In 2013, The Gambia resigned from the Commonwealth of Nations.
arming, fishing, and tourism are the country's main industries.
Rice, peanuts, fish, pork, onions, tomatoes, and cassava are among the staple foods of The Gambia's cuisine.
Gambian residents come from a wide range of ethnic backgrounds, each with its own distinct dialect and cultural practises.
Islam is the most widely practised religion in the country, with 96% of people identifying as Muslims.
The Gambia is a Muslim nation known for its progressive policies. Not only is alcohol readily available, but they also produce it, as seen by the widespread popularity of Julbrew, their own brand of beer.
Wrestling is Gambia's national sport and most popular spectator sport. Basketball and American football are both huge sports in the United States.
Mandinka phrase Kambra/Kambaa, which means Gambia river, is the source of the name "Gambia".
Only two nations in the world begin their official short names with the word "The" (the other one being The Bahamas).
To put things in perspective, the Gambia is somewhat smaller than Jamaica in terms of land area.
Gambia's economy is primarily reliant on tourism, although groundnuts are the country's second-largest cash crop.