Greenland – 11 Astonishing Facts and Rich History

Although Greenland is physically a part of the American continental shelf, it has been politically and economically incorporated with Europe throughout the last thousand years, first under the rule of Norway and subsequently of Denmark. Even when it was still a part of Denmark in 1973, it joined the European Union (EU) but later withdrew from the organisation. It was originally inhabited by Inuit Eskimos who made their way over the ice from Canada to Greenland. It is intriguing to look at a map and see exactly where it is located concerning the rest of the globe.

Greenland Facts

Even though the majority of the nation is covered in ice, as the name suggests, most of it is a very green region where agriculture thrives. This is especially true in the southern half of the country.
Greenland is the biggest island in the world, surpassing even Antarctica and Australia, all considered continents.
There are less than 60,000 inhabitants in Greenland, which has one of the world's lowest density due to its small population.
If all of the ice in Greenland were to melt at once, the global sea level would increase by seven metres. Greenland is home to the world's largest ice sheet.
July is the only month of the year when the temperature rises above zero over most of the country in July.
The cities of Greenland are not connected by highways. There is an excessive number of Fjords in between.
There are less than three thousand automobiles in the entire nation. The majority of travel is done by boat.
Most cities and communities along the Western coast are linked together by the Arctic Umiac Line.
Each direction of the whole round journey takes a total of 80 hours.
According to archaeological excavations of Eskimo dwellings near Disco Bay on the southwestern coast of Greenland, the oldest known residents of Greenland date back to around 2500 BC. 10 Greenland is located in the Arctic Circle.
At the turn of the first millennium, Norwegians and Icelanders began migrating to Greenland to establish permanent settlements there.
In the year 986, a Viking named Eric the Red, who had been exiled from his country for three years for having slain someone as part of a disagreement, led the Norwegians to their current location.
Five centuries before Columbus discovered South America, a Norse explorer named Leif Erikson set out from Greenland to find North America. He was one of the earliest immigrants to that region.
In the 13th century, Greenland was included in the Norwegian Empire and given the number 14. This nation joined Denmark and became a part of the Kalmar Union between 1380 and 1397.
It is possible that deteriorating weather conditions were the cause of the eventual disappearance of the Norwegian communities.
Sixteen different scientists, all of whom have looked at the ice core, have concluded that the temperature patterns in Greenland have shifted significantly during the past 100,000 years.
Another potential explanation for the disappearance of the Norse colonies is that pirates attacked them. Even from as far away as the Basque area, pirates attacked.
The church of Hvalsey is considered one of the Norse settlements in Greenland that have been maintained the finest.
The Norwegians' departure placed the Inuit in a virtually uncontested authority over the territory.
In the seventeenth century, Denmark, recalling its long-standing relationship with Norway, laid claim to the island and demanded to be recognised as its rightful owner.
1946, the United States of America bid one hundred million dollars to buy Greenland from Denmark; however, Denmark declined the offer.
In 1950, the Danish government approved the construction of the substantial Thule air facility.
To make room for the expansion of this airfield between 1951 and 1954, the entire population of three neighbouring towns had to relocate about 100 kilometres away.
It was kept a secret from the Danish government that the United States attempted to construct a top-secret underground nuclear launch site in this facility. Still, in 1966 they concluded that the plan was not feasible.
1968, a B-52 bomber carrying nuclear weapons was involveInd in a collision in Thule.
Greenland achieved its independence from Denmark on June 21, 2009, except for subjects about defence. Despite achieving its independence, Greenland has received a grant of 3.2 billion Danish Kroner in the form of economic aid.
The government of Greenland decided to make Greenlandic the country's official language. The original Inuit language is the ancestor of the Greenlandic language.
While the majority of Greenlanders use Danish as a second language, a few persons - primarily administrators who moved to Greenland from Denmark - are monolingual in Danish.
Around 225 distinct species of fish may be found in Greenland waters.
Large colonies of uncommon bird species include skuas, puffins, kittiwakes, auks, pink-footed geese, ptarmigans, short-eared owls, and gyrfalcons be found in Greenland. Other species include gyrfalcons and ptarmigans.
Around Greenland, large numbers of whales of a variety of species converge. Whales like the humpback, minke and narwhal are all included in this group.
Reindeer, arctic foxes, hares, collared lemmings, and ermine are some of the land animals that make up the number.
Greenland's administrative centre is located at Nuuk.
During the summer, the sun does not go down.
In the winter, you will be able to witness the breathtaking phenomenon known as the Aurora Borealis, also known as the Northern Lights.
Fish account for ninety per cent of Greenland's total exports.
It is envisaged that the enormous Ruby reserves buried beneath Greenland's surface would play a big part in the country's ability to maintain a positive balance of payments.
Only a handful of Greenland's mineral resources are included here: tungsten, titanium, radium, nickel, and aluminium.
The majority of Greenlanders practise a protestant form of Christianity nowadays.
The traditional Inuit religion centred on appeasing a furious Sea Goddess who was fingerless and had neither arms nor legs. The ability to fish and hunt successfully was contingent on her being appeased. There are several different interpretations of the mythology that surrounds her.
Hydropower represents one of the many forms of potentially renewable energy that Greenland's vast resources may provide.
Fish and marine animals, such as whales and seals, make up most of the Greenlandic diet. It is additionally regarding birds that have been hunted.
Greenland's traditional dish is called Maasai. It is a stew that can be produced from seals, reindeer, whales, or seabirds, and it also contains potatoes, onions, and various seasonings. Rice or barley that has been soaked can be used to thicken it.
Capelin, a fish similar to salmon, is frequently dried. This is quite well-liked.
The liver of a Reindeer is consumed in its uncooked state immediately after the animal has been slaughtered.
Traditional components include a mix of whiskey, Grand Marnier, Kahlua and whipped cream that is customarily ignited before consumption.
Brewing your beer at home is a common hobby in Greenland.
The number of people living with HIV and AIDS in this country is very high.
A census conducted in 2010 revealed that Greenland has the highest suicide rate of any country in the world.
Greenland is home to the biggest national park in the world, which encompasses more than a million square kilometres. It is named Kalaallit Nunaanni nuna eqqissisimatitaq.