Greenland – 11 Astonishing Facts and Rich History

Greenland is among the biggest sites globally, but only a small part of it is known to the rest of the world. Numerous people, on the other hand, still have misunderstandings about the lovely country in the north. A lot more goes into Greenland than ice caps and snow. The country has many history and cultures that will show up when you’re there. The mythologies about Greenland are going to be countered today. This will better understand what the country and its folks are all about.

History of Greenland

Greenland’s history is a history of living in extreme Arctic conditions. At the moment, an ice sheet covers about 80% of the island, limiting human activity mostly to the coasts. It is thought that humans first came to Greenland about 2500 years ago when they lived there. Their descendants are thought to have died out and replaced several other groups from continental North America. Till the tenth century, Europeans didn’t know about Greenland. Icelandic Vikings resolved on its southern shore that was left abandoned once the Vikings came to live there. Inuit Greenlanders who reside there now may have moved there later, between AD 1200, from northwest Greenland, where they came from.

Facts about Greenland

Let's begin with the most important things. When it comes to size, Greenland is truly the world's greatest island that isn't part of a country. Greenland is 2.16 million sq. km (836,000 square miles), including other islands that aren't part of the country. Eighty percent of the total land volume is wrapped by an ice cap. The ice-free region isn't as big as Sweden; however, it's still a small country. It had 56,480 people in 2017, which makes it one of the least crowded countries on earth.
The icecaps of Iceland are among the best places to see the effects of climate change in real life. "The larger they are, the quicker they melt," said a scientist in a new study. Almost 10 billion tons of ice has been lost from the northeast Greenland ice cover since 2003, a study says. People think the global sea level could increase up to 23 feet if it completely melts away.
Almost all of Greenland is covered in ice, snow, and icebergs, and it's very cold there. Because the Arctic is almost white, the state is mainly that way. Because it isn't even green at all. Erik the Red, sent to the peninsula to kill people, titled the place. He called it "Greenland" in the expectation that the title would make people want to move there. Researchers say that more than 2.5 million years ago, Greenland was a lot like it is now. A new study shows that antiquity dirt was frozen for thousands of years under about 200 feet of ice.
Many people live there. Greenland is a very big island, the world's largest island on a continent. Because of its 836,330 sq miles, Greenland would be the 12th largest nation on Earth by location if this were completely autonomous. A block of land ice and icebergs cover almost all of the land. New research says that the glaciers can be more than 40 million years old.
Greenland is an independent country in the Kingdom of Denmark. Greenland is a component of North America, but it has been culturally and politically linked to Europe for almost a millennium. As of 1721, Denmark has had colonies in Greenland. Throughout 1953, Greenland became a part of Denmark, and now it is called Denmark. Throughout 1979, Denmark gave Greenland Home Rule. During 2009, spread Self Rule was put into place, giving the Greenlandic government even more power and responsibility. Underneath the new structure, Greenland will take on even more of Denmark's jobs as it is prepared.
In history, it is thought that the first humans came to Greenland about 2500 years ago. Migrants who came from North America seem to have died out. They were replaced by many other groups who came from North America. At the start of the tenth century, Norsemen from Iceland moved to the unpopulated southern section of Greenland. They stayed there until the late 15th century when they moved on. In the 13th century, the Inuit came from Asia, and their lineage has remained the same to this day. Many Inuit Greenlanders are direct offspring of their ancestors, and they still follow a few of the traditions that have been around for centuries.
In Greenland presently are mostly Inuit or even a combination of both Inuit and Danish, which is about 88% of the individuals there. There are many members in the community who are European, mainly from Denmark. The Greenlanders are faithful. They do not like it when individuals consider them "Tribal people." If you want to call them Inuit or Kalaallit, they're called that in the native Inuit speech that means "Greenlander."
Most persons in Greenland can speak both Danish and Greenlandic, but not all of them can speak either of those. Since 1979, once independence was provided to the state, people have used both languages in the audience. This is how it is now: Today, younger folks go to college and learn two very different languages. They also learn English. People who learn Greenlandic find it very interesting. Many people speak it, and it has been around for a lot longer. It is quite related to the Inuit languages within Canada called Inuktitut. If you want to learn more about Greenlandic sayings, you can start by learning about "Igloo." These terms have been utilized in many languages instantly.
Even though the country has 2.16 million square kilometres of land, there are no roads or rail lines that connect settlements. There are roads inside the towns, but they end at the edge. Planes, boats, helicopters, snowmobiles, and dogsleds are all used to get from one city to another. Boats are by far the most common way to get around, and you'll often see people out on the fjords in the summer.
Greenland is a very important fishing country. There are very few things that the country doesn't buy, like fish and seafood, as well as animals hunted in Greenland, like whales and seals. Each administrative area gets a certain number of whales, seals, and fish. This way, there won't be any overfishing. Protected species like the blue whale can't be caught, so they can't be fished for food. Whale and seal meat can't be exported because they are only eaten in the area.
Almost one-quarter of the people in Greenland live in the capital city, called Nuuk. For its size, the city has a lot of museums, hip cafes, and fashion shops. It's also very lively. Greenland's National Museum and Katuaq Cultural House are good places to learn about the country. The Nuuk Art Museum is also a good place to see art. People can go on day trips to see the coves and the surrounding nature because the city is at the mouth of a huge fiord system, making it easy.

Greenland has a lot of natural beauty, from huge glaciers and iceberg-filled fjords to hot springs. The island also has many important Inuit cultural history and evidence that humans have been living there for a long time. Donald Trump's interest in the island has put it on the radar of some international tourists, but Greenland is still unknown to many people. To help with that, here are seven interesting facts about Greenland that you might not have known.