Guam – 25 Fascinating Facts, Land, People, Culture, and Economy

Guam is the most populous and southernmost of the islands in Guam, which is located in the Marianas Archipelago. Guam is split into a northern limestone plateau and a southern series of volcanoes. Presently Guam remains an independent, non-organized territory belonging to Guam in the United States. The inhabitants of Guam have been U.S. citizens since 1950. Guam has been included in the U.S. Congress since 1973 with a non-voting delegate; however, they do not vote at the presidential level. The executive branch comprises governors who are popularly elected and has a four-year term. The legislative branch has a unicameral 21-member legislative body selected every two years.

Land

The island is divided into a limestone plateau in the north with around 500 feet (150 metres) and a greater region with volcanic hills in the southern. An extensive forest covers the plateau, and the volcanic hills are dominated by sword grass. They rise to an altitude of over 1,500 feet (300 metres). Their lower slopes towards the east (and towards their west) are covered in younger limestones that are generally identical to the northwestern limestone plateau. The island is 1,332 feet (406 meters) in Mount Lamlam, in the southwest. In the southwest, east Mount Lamlam is another major mountain, Mount Bolanos (1,240 feet [378 metres Mount Bolanos is 1,240 feet (378 metres).

People

The Guamanians of the native Guamanians, also known as Chamorros, are predominantly Malayo-Indonesian origin with a significant mixture of Spanish, Filipino, Mexican and other European and Asian roots. Chamorros, as well as other Micronesians, make up about half of the people. A third of the people are Asians, particularly Filipinos and Koreans. There is also only a tiny percentage of European origins. Three-fourths of the population have a Roman Catholic, and one-eighth is Protestant.

Economy

The transformation of Guam into a major U.S. military base brought drastic changes to Guam’s agriculture patterns following World War II. Food products were imported in growing quantities at the expense of local farming, and Guam is now importing most of its food.

It is believed that the U.S. armed forces are present at various military bases located in Guam. Andersen Air Force Base and its annexes are located north of Guam. U.S. Navy facilities, situated around the island, consist of a navy airbase as well as a naval base, which includes ship repair facilities along with communications centres and hospitals. The military installations have led many islanders to move away from their previous lifestyle of subsistence agriculture as well as fishing.

Culture of Guam

Guam is diverse in its culture. Guam has a rich and diverse culture, with Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Korean, and other Asian communities that are significant as well as its own indigenous inhabitants and those from mainland United States. Guam is an important hub for transport and communication for the region, and it is home to many islanders from all regions of Micronesia. A massive American-style shopping mall located in Dededo Micronesia Mall. Micronesia Mall is the biggest shopping mall on the island. It is also a popular entertainment and cultural venue with cinemas, as well as an amusement park that is indoors.

Before World War II, the villages were the primary economic and social units that preserved customs and values similar to those of 19th century Spain. The celebrations to honour patron saints were the most popular occasions for religious and social events throughout the year for every village and brought people from Guam. The traditions of Fiesta are still practised in Guam.

25 Fascinating Facts About Guam

1
Guam is located in the northwestern part of the Pacific Ocean and was formerly called Guam, the Territory of Guam.
2
Guamanians can obtain American citizenship upon birth under Title 8 of the U.S. Code. But the disadvantage of this situation is that within Guam, unlike in the United States, the people of Guam aren't given the same opportunities that native-born Americans are afforded.
3
There is a beach in Guam called "The Gun Beach.' The beach is also home to Guam's biggest beach bar.
4
Do you believe that Guam has no sand? It's factual! What you see on beaches is coral, not sand. The roads paved on Guam are also constructed by mixing cement and coral.
5
According to a study, the cover of coral on Guam decreased by 19% to 10 percent between 2003 and 2011. Coral reefs can be thought to contribute over $20 million to Guam's economic wellbeing.
6
Did you know that a Japanese soldier was a prisoner in Guam's forest for more than three years? He was desperate for war to be over, but he was unaware that war had already been ended during the time. The soldier was uncovered in 1972, and shortly after that, returned to his homeland and eventually got married. Unexpectedly, the soldier was in Guam many times, including after his marriage.
7
The economy of the nation is aided by tourism, as well as it is aided by the United States Armed Forces.
8
These descendants of the Austronesian population are among the first Guamanians, Guam.
9
A U.S. House of Representatives includes a representative from Guam, but that individual is not a delegate with a vote.
10
Guamanians are required to fly over 4000 miles to Hawaii for PTSD treatments (post-traumatic anxiety disorder).
11
Guam's coral reefs bring in more than $20 million to Guam's economy.
12
Within four hours of Pearl Harbour being bombed during WWII, Guam was bombed too.
13
It's a Pacific Army base for the United States and is home to the Guam Pacific War Museum.
14
Guam is situated approximately 7700 miles away from the U.S. mainland.
15
Guam is also subjected to bombing shortly after the attack (just 4 hours later) at Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941). The lives of 7700 Americans and 17500 Japanese were lost in the war.
16
Visitors can view the weapons, helmets and personal items that soldiers have from Japan and the United States and Japan.
17
It is believed that the Island of Guam is formed like an outline. It's around 30 miles long, and its width varies between 4 and 12 miles in different places.
18
The Guam Pacific War Museum, founded by former Marine Corps Vietnam War veteran John Gerber in 2011, is a wonderful location to view artefacts such as helmets, weapons and personal items of soldiers from the Allied forces as well as Japan.
19
Guam is also among five U.S. territories that have an established civilian administration.
20
Around 99% of foreign workers who live on the island are originally from the Philippines.
21
In 1957 a UFO was observed in the skies over Guam from the 1st lieutenant. Ted Brunson attempted to track the UFO but without success. The colonel stated that the aircraft's speed did not match that in the UFOs.
22
One of the most youthful players to be a Chess Grandmaster, Ray Robson, was a Guamanian. Born on October 25 1994, he was defeated by a National Master in tournament play at just nine.
23
As with Puerto Ricans, Guamanians too are U.S. citizens but cannot vote in U.S. elections. However, a delegate to Congress represents them, and the delegate is not voting.
24
One of the most well-known slogans popular in Guam can be described as "where it is that the American morning begins." Guam is the first location where the sun rises on U.S. soil and is around 14 hours behind the U.S. east coast.
25
The most spoken language in Guam is Chamorro which is the language spoken by Guam's indigenous people.

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