50 Fascinating Facts about Haiti

As a member of the Greater Antilles, the Republic of Haiti shares Hispaniola with the other Antilles islands of Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico in the warm Caribbean Sea. Haiti, unlike any other Caribbean country, has a long history of slavery, which manifests itself in everything from the people to the terrain. As the only country in the world to emerge from a successful revolt by a formerly enslaved populace, Haiti is unique in many respects. Natural beauty and diversity have made it famous worldwide, despite decades of abuse. As a result, it has one of the region's most unique diasporas, particularly the Southeastern United States.

Facts About Haiti

When Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492, he encountered a local tribe called the Taino living on the island of Haiti. Before the French conquest, Haiti was referred to as "The Spanish Isle" by the Spanish.
Only after Spain's 1697 surrender of the island's western third to the French was the name Hispaniola, which comprised both Haiti and the Dominican Republic, altered to Haiti.
In Haiti, just 53 per cent of the population is literate.
Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince, was approximately 15 miles from the epicentre of a 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck in early 2010. As many as 300,000 people were thought to have perished in the disaster, with an additional 1.5 million left homeless. An additional 52 aftershocks occurred following the first earthquake.
In Haiti, primary school education is required, although families are responsible for the cost of tuition. As a result, many students cannot continue their education at the secondary level because of financial constraints.
Missionaries and churches registered under the Haitian constitution of 1987 are exempt from customs taxes when importing products into the nation.
The 25th of December is a national holiday in Haiti where people gather to honour the birth of Jesus Christ. At midnight suppers, as well as regular church services, families get together to celebrate this holiday by painting their houses and whitewashing their tree trunks.
Eighty per cent of Haiti's population lives in squalor or worse.
Natural gas, oil, and coal are all imports because Haiti has no fossil fuels or petroleum products.
'Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite', meaning 'Freedom, Equality, and Brotherhood', is the Haitian national motto.
Haiti is awash in colour, especially on the used buses that the country imported from the United States. Tap Buses are the name given to these vehicles.
In 2004, there were 280,000 (approximately) Haitians living with Aids or HIV, equating to 5.6% of the adult population. In the same year, AIDS claimed the lives of 24,000 people.
Electricity has been cut off to all of Haiti's 13 million residents.
One in five Haitians possesses a vehicle. The 'Taptap' buses or shared cabs are commonly used, as there are no trains in Haiti.
Only four of Haiti's 14 airports have paved runways, even though there are 15.
Ten per cent of Haitian children die before the age of five owing to extreme poverty and inadequate health and hygiene.
Located in northern Haiti, the greatest stronghold in the Western Hemisphere is perched on a massive mountaintop. The citadel, or fortification, is a major tourist attraction in Haiti.
As Haiti has a notable place in the American Continent since it was the first country to abolish slavery. It was 65 years until the United States followed suit.
Haiti recognises Vodou (also known as Voodoo) as an official religion. Haiti is the only other country in the world to acknowledge the practice of Voodoo in this manner.
Haitians rely heavily on the 'gourd' as a source of sustenance. Melons, cucumbers, and squash belong to the same family as the gourd. Once it's been dried and dehydrated, it may also be used as a drinking vessel. Because of the food's importance to islanders, the official Haitian money is named after it: the 'Haitian Gourde'. The gourd was used as money before 1807. Therefore this is appropriate.
Only one other country in the Americas, Canada, uses French as its official language. Only a small minority of Haitians can communicate well in French, even though Creole is the native language of the vast majority of the country. Only in 1987 did Haiti officially recognise Creole as an official language.
As a result, the human winner of the cockfight might collect up to $70, which is more than 80 per cent of the Haitian population earns in one month.
Between 1915 to 1934, the United States maintained an occupation of Haiti.
"Ayiti" refers to the Taino people's island in the Taino language. "Land of Mountains" is the literal translation of this name.
Haiti is the second-oldest independent country in the Western Hemisphere.
Le Prince, the ship that came into Port au Prince in 1706, gave the city its name.
Association Football is Haiti's national sport (soccer). As of 1974, it was only the second Caribbean nation to qualify for a World Cup tournament. In 1938, Cuba was the first.
"Compa" is Haiti's most popular musical genre. A variety of musical traditions from the island's rich cultural heritage, including Taino, African, French, and Spanish, are showcased in this concert.
Wyclef Jean is probably the most well-known Haitian musician outside of the country. For his part, he is a founding member of the 1990s rap group the Fugees.
The boldness and simplicity of Haitian food distinguish it from other cuisines. Creole cuisine stands apart from other Caribbean cuisines for its use of herbs and spices. Since the entrance of Lebanese and Syrian residents in the region in the 19th century, the cuisine has adopted Middle Eastern characteristics.
Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier pretended to be a voodoo priest since Vodou is an essential element of Haitian culture. To further solidify his cult status, he adopted Baron Samedi, a Haitian Vodou spirit.
The Comedians, a novel critical of the Duvalier regime, was written by Graham Greene. He was then barred from entering the nation in the future.
The Hibiscus is the national flower of Haiti.
As recently as the 1970s, Haiti enacted a law that allowed couples to divorce with only one present. This was done in an attempt to increase tourism. To present a narrative of a lady who takes advantage of this arrangement, Steely Dan published a track in 1976 called Haitian Divorce.
Known as La Dessalinienne, this is the Haitian national song. Admiration is shown for the first independent monarch of Canada, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who was honoured with the commission in 1903. French sovereignty was overthrown in 1803 when Dessalines, Jacques I of Haiti, led the victorious revolt against French power.
After being cleared for plantation in the 17th and 18th centuries, just 2% of Haiti's natural forest remains.
8000 people were killed in Hurricane Flora, which struck the nation in 1963 and left thousands homeless. This is still one of the most devastating natural disasters in the history of humanity.
Haiti is one of the Caribbean's most diverse countries. There are more than 5,600 plant species in the nation, and the neighbouring Dominican Republic spans nine different habitats ranging from the ocean floor to the highest mountain peaks.
The United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti has been in charge of Haiti since October 2017. As a result, civilian police officers have taken the position of military troops. It is required till the end of the year. The 2010 earthquake severely damaged the previous UN mission and never fully recovered.
A worldwide assistance crisis is engulfing Oxfam, and Haiti is at its centre. Oxfam has been accused of using humanitarian money to purchase prostitutes in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake.
Cave paintings from the Taino civilisation may be found in 41 countries. They were selected as national icons and are one of the country's top tourism destinations.
T-shirts, sweatshirts, and pullovers account for 69 per cent of Haiti’s exports. Regarding exports,clothing accounts for about 90% of the total
The Haitian solenodon is one of the country's endangered animal species. One of only two groups of Eulipotyphlans, closely related to hedgehogs and moles, is the subject of this study.
In 1925, It was the first city in the Caribbean to have electricity, making Jacmel the region's first. The City of Light was given to Jacmel.
The Haitian Carnival is one of the Caribbean's most popular celebrations each year, drawing thousands of visitors. From Port au Prince to other cities in the country, it begins in the weeks before Mardi Gras. More tourists each year bring in much-needed money for the economy. Due to the government's desire to expand outside the capital city, it has been encouraged.
Haitian art is known for its vivid, colourful, and evocative depictions of the country's culture. Different Vodou schools may be found in Saint-Soleil, most known for its Vodou heritage.
Since Haiti's independence, writers have encouraged the use of Haitian Creole as a medium of literary expression, which stretches back to the colonial period.
Rhum Barbancourt, a centuries-old Haiti spirit, is exported worldwide. One of the world's most highly regarded rums was initially manufactured by distilling sugar cane juice directly from the plant.
As a result of the 2010 earthquake, the Hospital Universitaire de Mirebalais was constructed. The world's largest solar-powered hospital is located at this facility.
The Taino people of Haiti are known as "the good people" in Haitian Creole.