50 Fascinating Facts about Indonesia

Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia. Some of its territories lie in Oceania. The official name of the country is the Republic of Indonesia. The country has a population of over 263 million, making it one of the world's most populous countries. In terms of area, the country is 735,358 square miles and is the 14th largest country in the world. The country has a unitary presidential constitution republic government with a president and a vice president. The official language is Indonesian, although other languages are spoken, including English. Almost 90% of the population practices Islam. The capital is Jakarta, which is also the country's largest city. The official currency of Indonesia is the Indonesian Rupiah. The country's flag features a simple design of one red horizontal stripe atop one white horizontal stripe.

Indonesia Facts

The GDP of Indonesia is $861.9 billion.
The nominal GDP per capita is $11,700.
Indonesia’s government is a presidential republic.
Over 40% of Indonesia’s population is comprised of the Javanese ethnic group.
Over 87% of Indonesians are Muslim.
Bahasa Indonesia is a form of Malay, and it is the country’s official language. English and Dutch are among the other languages spoken in certain regions.
There are over 700 languages spoken throughout Indonesia.
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago and is made up of over 17,000 islands.
Even though the country is made up of over 17,000 islands, only about 6,000 are actually inhabited by humans.
The name Indonesia was created in the 1850s. It is a shortened form of “Indian archipelago.”
Indonesia has the 5th largest population in the world.
Indonesian island Java is the most populated island in the world. It has a population of over 140 million.
Three of the world’s ten largest islands are located in Indonesia.
The largest lizard in the world, the Komodo dragon, can be found in Indonesia. These creatures can grow to almost 10 feet in length.
Sumatra, Indonesia, is the only place where the Rafflesia Arnoldi grows. The world’s biggest flower weighs in at a whopping 15 pounds.
Over half of the country is comprised of forests.
Indonesia is home to some of the world’s rarest animals, including the Sumatran tiger and the Javan rhino.
Approximately half of Indonesians live on less than $2 per day.
Only six religions are recognized in Indonesia, and every citizen must have one of these religions – whether they actually follow its beliefs or not.
People that follow two different religions are forbidden to marry unless one converts.
Ever eaten frog legs in France? It’s likely they came from Indonesia, which exports 3,000 tons each year.
Kopi luwak is a coffee made with the stomach enzyme of the civet, which is obtained from the mammal’s feces. Though it may sound gross, the coffee is very rich without any bitterness. To indulge is expensive, though, as this coffee costs $1,000 per pound.
Lake Toba in Indonesia is the world’s largest volcanic lake.
Indonesia is situated within the Ring of Fire and has approximately 150 volcanoes.
The capital city, Jakarta, used to be called Batavia.
Atop Indonesia’s Kelimutu, three lakes can be seen that change colors due to volcanic gases reacting with minerals in the water.
Borobudur is the world’s largest Buddhist temple and has over 500 statues of Buddha.
There are approximately 71 million internet users in Indonesia, and this country has some of the most active Twitter users in the world.
The first ever direct presidential elections were held in 2004.
Indonesia has a total of three time zones.
Indonesia comes in second in the world for biodiversity.
At least 165 million Indonesians are under the age of 30.
Some hotels in Indonesia have floors that are deemed for ladies only. Women can book a room on this floor, where only females are employed as staff.
Over 35% of Indonesian birds and mammals are found solely in this country.
About half of the world’s palm oil supply comes from Indonesia. As you would expect, it is the largest producer in the world.
Traditional Indonesian families isolate young girls from the ages of 12 through 16 from the outside world.
There is at least one volcanic eruption in Indonesia every single year.
The second-largest earthquake in the world struck Indonesia’s Sumatra island, killing 300,000 and displacing millions of residents.
Tourism is a big contributor to Indonesia’s economy. The country has branded itself “Wonderful Indonesia.”
Indonesia was the only Southeast Asian country to be a member of OPEC, although it left the organization in 2008.
Many residents of Bali have had their teeth filed down. It is a belief that the top six teeth are the source of a person’s six vices: confusion, jealousy, drunkenness, anger, greed, and desire. Filing down the teeth is thought to help a person avoid such vices.
Children in Bali are traditionally given at least four different names.
Indonesia’s Grasberg mine is the largest gold mine in the world.
Indonesia launched Palapa in 1976, making it the first developing country to have its own satellite system.
Ninety percent of Indonesians work in the agriculture industry.
The tobacco industry in Indonesia is not regulated. Boys as young as six years old have taken up smoking in the country.
Seven percent of the population is involved in the Boy and Girl Scout programs.
Drunk driving is legal in Indonesia.
One of the many tourist sites in Indonesia is an old church that is built in the shape of a chicken.
Indonesia has one of the world’s highest rates for women in management positions.

As one of the world's most biodiverse countries, Indonesia has so much natural beauty that is appreciated by residents and visitors alike. In addition to its lakes, volcanoes, and plentiful bird and animal species, this country has historic landmarks, a rich culture, and populated modern cities that make this a country worth visiting.


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