50 Fascinating Facts about Iran

Iran is a country located in Western Asia. The official name of the country is the Islamic Public of Iran. The country has a population that exceeds 79 million, and it is the 18th largest country by population. In terms of area, it is 636,372 square miles and is the 17th largest country by area. The country is an Islamic Republic and has a Supreme Leader, President, and Vice President. The official religion of the country is Islam. The official language is Persian. The capital city is Tehran, and it is also the largest city in Iran. The currency is the Rial. Iran has a flag that is striped in green, white, and red with the country's emblem located in the center.

Iran Facts

Iran’s GDP per 2016 estimates is $425.3 billion.
The nominal GDP per capita is $18,100.
Persian is the official language of Iran. However, other languages are spoken throughout the country, including Turkic, Kurdish, Gilaki, and Arabic.
Over 99% of Iranians are Muslim.
Prior to the 1930s, Iran was called Persia.
Iran’s government is a religious legal system based on Islamic and secular laws.
Iran translates to “Land of the Aryans” in Persian.
The capital of Iran, Tehran, has some of the worst air pollution in the world. Approximately 27 people die each day from diseases related to air pollution.
Iran receives less than four inches of rain per year. About half of the country has a dry, arid climate.
The country has about 10% of the world’s oil reserves. Iran pumps approximately 4 million barrels of oil every single day.
It is the 4th-largest producer of oil in the world.
Despite its wealth from oil, the country has the poorest economic outlook of any other Middle Eastern country.
About 70% of the population in Iran is under the age of 30.
Iran is known for having one of the oldest continuous civilizations. Its civilization dates back to about 530 BC.
Iran shares its borders with ten other countries, including Turkey, Iraq, Kuwait, Pakistan, and Oman.
Satellite TV is banned in Iran.
It is illegal for men to wear shorts or neckties in Iran.
The Persian cat is one of the most popular cat breeds, and it originated in Iran. The animals lived in the high plateaus of Iran, and the long fur kept them warm in the cold.
The country uses a water system called a qanat that uses tunnels to divert stored water to where it is needed.
Girls and women over the age of nine must wear a hijab when out in public, even tourists.
Iranian women are forbidden from wearing bathing suits around members of the opposite sex.
Iran has four seasons. During the winter, the mountainous areas are snowy. In the summer, some areas in the country see temps that exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
In Iran, girls can get married at the age of 13, while boys can marry at the age of 15.
Polygamy is legal in the country but is limited to four wives.
Once a girl marries, she is forbidden from attending school.
The adult literacy rate is about 93%, a dramatic increase from just 37% in the 1970s.
Iranians are world-renowned for their Persian rugs, which they have been creating for over 2,500 years.
The country is one of the world’s largest producers of caviar, pistachios, and saffron.
Iran has the nickname “nose job capital of the world.”
Iranians can legally vote at the age of 15.
Yogurt is considered a type of miracle food. It is frequently used to treat many ailments, including ulcers and sunburn.
Alcohol is banned in Iran. However, illegally smuggled alcohol is a business that brings in $700 million each year.
Sex change operations in Iran are legal and often may be funded by the state.
Iran has coastlines along the Indian Ocean and the Caspian Sea. It is the only country to have coastlines along both.
In Iran, short-term marriage is an option. This practice is known as Sigheh, and marriages can last for a few hours or a few years.
Because of economic struggles, many people are opting to not get married. The country has a marriage fund of $720 million to provide funding for weddings.
The internet is censored in Iran.
Many Iranians eat on the floor without a table. When utensils are not used, it is customary to only eat with one’s right hand.
Parkour has become extremely popular in Iran since its debut in 2002. Men go to clubs and parks to show off their extreme skills, and even some women have partaken in the trend.
Though many people think of deserts when they think of Iran, the country has mountains that even feature two ski resorts, Dizin and Shemshak.
Iran is the only habitat of the Asiatic cheetah, which is extremely endangered.
The world’s first windmills were invented in Iran.
It is believed that the first postal mail system was created in Iran, all the way back in 550 BC.
Some of the rarest and most expensive jewels in the world can be found in the Treasury of National Jewels in Tehran.
In Iran, women must receive permission from the male head of household before working outside of the home.
Twenty-two UNESCO World Heritage sites are located in Iran.
An earthquake that struck Iran in 2003 killed over 30,000 people.
It is customary to bring flowers or pastries to your host when visiting someone in Iran.
The largest ethnic group in the country is Persian, comprising about 61% of the total population.
Iran is the second-largest producer of natural gas in the entire world.

Iran is a country that has a very rich history and its people are very devoted to their religion. Iran has laws and customs that make it stand apart from other countries of the world. The country's landmarks, historical sites, and geography all combine to make this one of the world's most unique countries.