50 Fascinating Facts About Iraq

Iraq is a nation in Western Asia with the official name Republic of Iraq. It has a total land area of 438,317 square kilometers (square miles). Iraq's capital and the most populous city is Baghdad. Its official languages are Arabic and Kurdish. Iraqi dinars are the official currency (I.Q.D.). Iraq has always been a war-torn country despite its oil wealth. Find out more about the country which has endured tyranny, conflict, and upheaval for many years. Let's dig deeper. Find out more about Iraqi history, geology, culture, government, people, and the economy with these facts about Iraq!

Fascinating Facts

A deep-rooted and well-watered country, Iraq's name translates to "fertile." The term dates to at least the fifth or sixth century A.D. when the first documented usage of the name was recorded.
There were periods of British and Ottoman authority in Iraq, each lasting 17 years.
On October 3rd, 1932, it declared its independence from the United Kingdom.
The Iraqi flag was changed in 1991 to include the Arabic slogan "Allahu Akbar" in green calligraphy. (The Iraqi flag may be seen in the image above.)
In this country, weights and measurements must be in the metric system.
So far, Iraq has only earned one medal from the Olympic Games, a Bronze from the 1960 games.
In 1979, Iraq was seized by General Saddam Hussein, who ruled the country as a dictator.
In 1980, he attacked Iran, and in 1990, he invaded Kuwait. On the other hand, both invasions were a colossal failure that did nothing but deplete Iraq's resources and strained its economy.
On December 30th, 2006, Saddam Hussein was executed for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Saddam Hussein sided with the United States during the 1980s Iraq-Iran conflict.
In Baghdad, a monument named Al-Shaheed Monument honours Iraqi troops who died in the Iraq-Iran conflict.
The number of women forced into sex slavery has risen sharply after the Gulf War.
The Saddam Hussein bunkers were believed to be incredibly impregnable, withstanding a direct impact from a 2,000-kilogram T.N.T. bomb. In addition, some of the bunkers reached a depth of 90 metres below the earth.
The same company also created Air-raid shelters for Adolf Hitler's Third Reich as those for Saddam Hussein.
It wasn't only a place for the Iraqi president to hide throughout the conflict; Saddam Hussein built his bunker. It also had a nursery for Saddam Hussein's youngsters and a swimming pool, a relaxation area, and a gourmet kitchen.
The "war room," which was also part of the ultra-modern bunker, was another addition. The area was outfitted with the most up-to-date technology, allowing the dictator to keep tabs on events above ground.
Yugoslav engineers developed the Iraqi dictator's underground tunnels and bunkers throughout the 1970s and 1980s.
Baghdad had a rumoured network of underground tunnels that went on for kilometres and was legendary. Many Iraqis may have been housed there, as well as medical facilities and military command stations.
General Saddam Hussein ordered the construction of the bunkers or tunnels to ensure his safety in a war. The oil used to fund the construction of these bunkers was used to cover the costs.
There are records of a writing system and a written history dating back to Iraq's Bronze Age.
Iraq, formally known as the Republic of Iraq, is a nation in the Middle East.
On the northern Persian Gulf, Iraq possesses a 58-kilometre-long sliver of coastline.
Iraq's two most important rivers are the Tigris and the Euphrates. Iraq's rich soil is due in large part to the presence of these rivers.
Mesopotamia, the region between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers (approximately equivalent to modern-day Iraq, sometimes known as the "land between the rivers"), is one of the cradles of civilisation.
It is worth noting that Iraq has hosted empires of the Akkadian, Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian peoples.
The Iraqi flag was changed in 1991 to include the Arabic slogan "Allahu Akbar" in green calligraphy.
Baghdad erected the al-Shaheed Monument in honour of Iraqi troops who died in the Iraq-Iran conflict. An "everlasting flame" in the centre of the egg-shaped structure holds information on the soldiers, including their names, weapons, and attire.
Cuneiform, the world's earliest known writing system, was created in Iraq in approximately 3200 B.C. Remarkably, it didn't employ an alphabet but rather a system of roughly 600 signs, each of which represented a single syllable or word.
Saddam Hussein, the ruler of Iraq from 1979 to 2006, had committed crimes against humanity and was executed by hanging on December 30th, 2006. The Iraq-Iran War began when Iraq invaded its neighbouring nation under his control. It came to a standstill in 1988, but 1.5 million people lost their lives as a result.
A million people perished, and Iraq was bankrupted during the Iran-Iraq War, from 1980 to 1988. In 1990, Hussein launched an invasion of Kuwait to capture control of the country's vast oil reserves. Although the United States led a coalition that ousted Saddam Hussein from Kuwait, he remained in control of Iraq.
Saddam Hussein was a close U.S. ally before the first Gulf War. U.S. assistance to Saddam during the 1980s Iran-Iraq war prevented Iran from winning the conflict. During this period, the United States also provided Saddam Hussein with armaments.
Iraqis were urged to rise against Saddam Hussein after the 1991 Persian Gulf War by the United States, but the United States failed to assist the people. As a result, Saddam Hussein quashed the uprising, leading to the deaths of tens of thousands of Iraqis. More than a million Iraqis have fled their homes in fear of their lives. In Shia Arab southern Iraq and Kurdish northern Iraq, mass graves have been discovered.
With 1.8 million Iraqis seeking safety in neighbouring countries, Iraqis were the world's second-biggest refugee group, according to the U.N.H.C.R.'s 2010 report. With 2.9 million people, Afghanistan had the most significant number of refugees.
As a result, the Iraq War cost the United States $800 billion, resulted in the deaths of over 4,500 American soldiers, and injured over 30,000 others. Over one and a half million Americans enlisted to fight in the conflict. Approximately 150,000 Iraqis lost their lives between 2003 and 2010, with civilians being four out of five of those killed.
Iraq used to be home to some of the best educational institutions in the Arab world. However, following the Gulf War in 1991 and the sanctions imposed by the United Nations, only around 40% of Iraqis are now literate.
When someone eats without utensils, Iraqis don't consider it disrespectful. They see it as a positive indicator that the host's/meal hostesses are delectable. Eating with the left hand is also frowned upon.
There are several varieties of scorpions in the Iraqi desert. Some species can reach lengths of up to 20 cm (8′′)
Iraq is home to the saw-scale viper, a highly poisonous snake. As one of the world's most venomous snakes, it strikes without warning, pursues its prey, and its bite can be fatal.
According to Islamic legend, the city of Kufa in Iraq was the site of the construction of Noah's ark. Prophet Nuh/Noah built the ark (P.B.U.H.)
There was once an ice river in Iraq's desert because of a highly uncommon event that delivered rain and hailstorms to the area.
Baghdad was the Islamic Golden Age's educational and cultural epicentre and the Middle Ages' most incredible cosmopolitan metropolis.
In 1927, a producing oil well was sunk in Baba dome, the first in the nation.
Iraqi women have illiteracy rates that are two times higher than those of Iraqi males
On March 20th, 2003, the United States and Iraqi militaries opened fire in Iraq.
A coalition of 35 countries, led by the United States, Great Britain, and Australia, backed the invasion.
The International Airport in Baghdad was taken over by American forces on April 4th.
On April 9th, the United States gained control of Baghdad after a protracted conflict with Iraqi soldiers.
About 3000 American troops and a few hundred soldiers from the other coalition countries had been killed by the beginning of 2007.
The conflict in Iraq is often referred to as the Second Persian Gulf War (or just the Second Gulf War).
It is believed that in the first three years of the conflict, between 151,000 and 600,000 Iraqis perished.