50 Fascinating Facts About Kyrgyzstan

Once the home of a vast Central Asian empire, Kyrgyzstan is steeped in a historic Central Asian military tradition. There are fascinating elements of its past yet to be discovered today, from the untamed mountain steppes to the towns and bazaars for those who visit the country. Before you plan your vacation, learn some fascinating facts about the area

Fascinating Facts

Located along the old trade route from China to the Mediterranean, Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous nation in Central Asia.
The Epic of Manas is 20 times longer than The Odyssey, with 500,000 lines. Originally an oral tradition, it was written in the 18th century and chronicles the account of the warrior Manas and his exploits. In 1920, the first complete edition of the book was released. Statues, highways, institutions, an airport, and an opera are all named for the hero.
With Kazakhstan in the north, China east and Tajikistan southwest, and Uzbekistan west, it is landlocked.
Follow 42.8667° N, 74.6000° E for your Kyrgyzstani trip and take in the breathtaking vistas and fresh mountain air!
Bishkek, the country's capital, with a population of 976,734 and a land area of 49 square miles (127 square kilometres).
Kyrgyzstan's climate varies depending on where you are and how high you are in the mountains. It might be dry continental or polar, or subtropical in the southwest valley or moderate where you are in the north.
Kyrgyzstan was formerly a stop on the Silk Road, a significant commercial route connecting China with Europe.
It's no secret that Kyrgyzstanis are huge fans of tea. Tea is used as a substitute for water in Japan, served with almost every meal. Since moving here, my daily tea consumption has more than tripled. You nearly always order traditional Kyrgyz bread with tea, which is served in tiny bowls rather than mugs.
What if I told you that Kyrgyzstan is home to the world's most extensive walnut forest?
The Burana Tower in northern Kyrgyzstan, erected in the 10th century as an observation tower and is still standing today, is incredible. Despite a 15th-century earthquake that lowered its height by around 20 metres, it is still about 25 metres high!
Kyrgyzstan has two official languages: Kyrgyz and Russian.
The national currency is the Kyrgyzstani Som.
The average life expectancy in Kyrgyzstan is 71.2 years (2017)
In addition to cotton and tobacco, Kyrgyzstan also raises various other crops, including vegetables, potatoes, berry and grape harvests, and cattle and sheep.
Among the many industries in which it is involved are small machines and textiles, shoes and cement, and food processing and refrigerators.
Gold, wool, cotton, beef, clothes, tobacco, uranium, mercury, equipment, shoes, and power are among the country's major exports.
The Kyrgyz Republic is the country's full name.
Kyrgyz and Russian are the country's official languages.
Kyrgyzstan's population was estimated at 5,990,006 people on January 1, 2016.
Kyrgyzstan is a lesser-known country in the region. The country's territory stretches east to west for around 900 kilometres (600 miles) and north to south for about 410 kilometres (255 miles).
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with a total size of 199,900 km2 (77,182 square miles).
The Kyrgyz Republic's capital and largest city are Bishkek (Bishkek). With spacious boulevards backed by irrigation canals and giant trees, marble-façade buildings, and Soviet residential complexes, Bishkek is a fascinating example of a czarist planned city.
The Alai, Kirghiz, and Tien Shan Mountain ranges and the valleys and basins they create cover about 90% of Kyrgyzstan's land. Glaciers cover a large portion of those mountainous regions.
Kyrgyzstan's tallest mountain, Jengish Chokusu, rises to a height of 7,439 metres (24,406 feet), while its shortest mountain, Kara-Darya, is just 132 metres (43 feet) below sea level (433 feet).
Kazakhstan has an average altitude of 2,750 metres, whereas in Kyrgyzstan (9,022 feet). 90% of the nation is higher over 1,500 metres (4,921 feet), 71% is more than 2,000 metres, and 35% is higher than 3,000 metres (9,842 feet) above sea level.
There are 1,189,360 hectares (2,938,972 acres) of protected land in Kyrgyzstan or 6.3% of the country's total land area.
Kyrgyzstan is home to 11 different national parks.
The Ala Archa National Park was founded in 1976 in Kyrgyzstan's Tian Shan Mountains, around 40 kilometres south of Bishkek, the capital city. It is Kyrgyzstan's most visited national park.
Osh's Sulayman Mountain, formerly a prominent Muslim and pre-Muslim pilgrimage site, may be found there.
The rock rises dramatically from the Fergana Valley plains and is a favourite gathering spot for residents and tourists alike because of the stunning views. In 2009, it was included on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
It's worth noting that Kyrgyzstan is home to three UNESCO World Heritage sites.
The Tian Shan Mountains at eastern Kyrgyzstan's northern tip include the endorheic lake known as Issyk-Kul. As a Salt Lake, it ranks second in size only to the Caspian Sea, which is the world's biggest (by volume). The Kyrgyz name Issyk-Kul translates to "warm lake," because it never freezes despite its proximity to snow-capped mountains. It is Kyrgyzstan's most visited tourist destination.
Chuy Valley in northern Kyrgyzstan has a massive minaret known as the Burana Tower. All that is left of the ancient city of Balasagun, founded by the Karakhanids at the end of the 9th century, is the tower, grave markers, earthworks, the foundations of a fortress, and three mausoleums.
In the Tien Shan mountains, the indigenous Kyrgyz are a Turkic people. They have historically lived as nomadic pastoral people. The Kyrgyz Republic was established in the 15th and 16th centuries and remained autonomous until the 19th century. As a result of Kyrgyzstan's 19th-century occupation by Tsarist Russia, thousands of Slavic farmers settled there. In 1991, Kyrgyzstan became an independent country.
Kyrgyz cuisine has numerous similarities with its Kazakh and Uzbek neighbours' cuisines. Mutton, beef, and horse meat are staples in Kyrgyz cuisine, as are multiple dairy items.
In addition to Kyrgyzstan, Beshbarmak may be found in Kazakhstan and Xinjiang (called Narin). You use horsemeat and handmade noodles to make this dish, then simmer it in its broth for many hours with herbs like parsley and coriander.
Kyrgyzstan's national drink is "kumyz," a fermented milk beverage prepared from mare's milk.
Only China's name does not finish in -stan, and it borders Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan has one of the lowest population densities in the world!
Kyrgyzstan's location as a mountainous landlocked country is underdeveloped, with a primarily agricultural economy. In addition to tobacco and cotton, the country's main agricultural products include potatoes and vegetables and grapes and fruit.
Kyrgyzstan's name is derived from a Kyrgyz phrase meaning "we are forty," which is supposed to relate to the country's founding 40 tribes that came together to build it.
Kyrgyzstan's flag has a golden sun in the middle with 40 evenly spaced rays, with a crimson backdrop behind it.
However, despite being a landlocked country, it is home to the world's second-biggest alpine lake, the 37-mile-deep Issyk-Kul.
It is also one of the world's least populated countries. Just 29.5 people are living there per square kilometre!
Traditional foods in this area include horse flesh and fermented mare's milk.
Because of the Tian Shan Mountain range, Kyrgyzstan has about 80 per cent mountain cover. A fitting nickname for this nation would be "the Switzerland of Central Asia."
It is possible to see petroglyphic or prehistoric engravings on rock surfaces in the Cholpon Ata area.
The city of Karakol has a church, a mosque, a zoo, and even a museum worth visiting. Many things may be seen in one place!
For some, the countryside and yurt life are still the best options. Just 36% of people live in cities and towns.
Manas' epic comprises 500,000 lines of narration in the world's longest poem. Wow, this author is going to be tough to beat! Hah. Historically, he has been a battle hero who sought to unite the land's many feuding tribes. As a result, several places, including parks, institutions, sculptures, and even an airport, have been named after him.