50 Fascinating Facts about Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone is a western African country. The country is named for Portuguese navigator Pedro de Sintra, the first European to see and chart Freetown port in the 15th century. Serra Lyon (``Lion Mountains``), the original Portuguese name, refers to the range of hills that surrounds the bay. Freetown, the capital, is home to one of the world's most excellent natural harbors. Sierra Leone is also a mining center, even though most of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture. Its territory is rich in diamonds, bauxite, gold, and rutile. From the late 1980s onward, the country was devastated by internal strife, culminating in a bloody civil war from 1991 to 2002. Sierra Leone's administration has been tasked with the difficult challenge of reconstructing the country's social and physical infrastructure while encouraging reconciliation after the war's end. Let us look at some of Sierra Leone's most impressive facts.

Fascinating Facts

1
In the 18th century, Sierra Leone became a haven for liberated African slaves. Freetown, the country's capital, became known as the "Province of Freedom." The emancipated slaves either stayed permanently or used it as a staging area to return to their African country.
2
Sierra Leone is a small country in West Africa that is rich in wildlife. It is bounded on the north and east by Guinea and on the southeast by Liberia. Additionally, it has a western shoreline along the North Atlantic Ocean.
3
In Sierra Leone, males have a life expectancy of 39 years, and women have 42 years.
4
Deaths occur due to a lack of clean drinking water, insufficient sanitation and hygiene, and food instability. Malnutrition continues to play a significant role in infant morbidity and mortality.
5
Sierra Leone is a West African country on the Atlantic coast, surrounded by Guinea and Liberia.
6
The original immigrants were somewhat fewer than 500 and perished mainly due to sickness and tribal conflicts.
7
Sierra Leone is characterized by mountains in the east, highland plateaus across the nation, and mangrove swamps in the west.
8
There is a significant gender imbalance in many spheres of life, including emotional empowerment, reproductive health, economic activity, and political representation.
9
Adult women get a secondary or higher degree of education at a rate of 9.5 percent, compared to 20% of their male counterparts.
10
In 2007, the government enacted three anti-gender discrimination legislation.
11
The nation was dubbed "Serra Leoa" (Lion Mountains) by the Portuguese navigator Pedro de Sintra in 1462 about the spectacular mountains he witnessed while traveling along West Africa's coast
12
The Cotton Tree is one of Freetown's most significant and well-known icons.
13
Not only is the Cotton Tree the oldest in Freetown, but scientists say it may be the world's oldest. Sierra Leoneans in the modern-day continues to make sacrifices and pray to their forefathers and mothers beneath the Cotton Tree.
14
Approximately 70% of young people are jobless or underemployed.
15
Sierra Leone is one of the world's least developed countries, according to the United Nations' Human Development Index (HDI).
16
If this tiny nation is endowed with anything, it is its abundant mineral resources.
17
Sierra Leone is world-renowned for its diamonds.
18
In addition to diamonds, bauxite and titanium are mined extensively. Additionally, it manufactures rutile and gold on a considerable scale.
19
Sierra Leone's overall land area is 27,699 square miles, somewhat less than Scotland.
20
Around 60% of Sierra Leoneans live below the country's poverty threshold.
21
Archaeological evidence indicates that Sierra Leone has been inhabited for thousands of years, with repeated waves of invasions and immigration from inland peoples contributing to the diversity of the country's current population.
22
One of Sierra Leone's most distinguishing characteristics is its rich and diversified cultural history.
23
Founded in 1995, it is home to the Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary, which is located inside the Western Area National Park's rain forest and covers an area of around 100 acres.
24
Sierra Leoneans live in a tropical environment with rainy summers and dry winters.
25
Sierra Leone has one of the highest maternal death rates in the world.
26
Sierra Leone's adult literacy rate is merely 41%.
27
In 1560, the slave trade in North America essentially began from the site of modern-day Freetown. By the 18th century, the shore was bordered by Portuguese and British commercial colonies.
28
Freetown is home to Africa's most significant natural harbor. It is capable of receiving all types of ocean-going boats.
29
Wildlife lovers will be pleased to discover that Sierra Leone is home to four wildlife reserves, which are home to various wild creatures, including chimps, hippopotamuses, buffalo, elephants, and a variety of bird species!
30
Sierra Leone was destroyed by civil conflict from 1991 until 2002.
31
Bunce Island, an uninhabited island located approximately 20 miles up the Sierra Leone River from Freetown, was established in 1670 and was one of more than sixty slave-trading forts along the West African coast.
32
The Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary is one of Sierra Leone's most incredible sanctuaries near Freetown.
33
Sierra Leone's Queen Elizabeth II Qua is the world's third-biggest natural port!
34
Sierra Leone is significantly reliant on international assistance.
35
In 1808, the British stepped up their attempts to end the slave trade by establishing a naval unit off the coast of Sierra Leone and a court in Freetown to punish the crews of confiscated slave ships.
36
Hike up Mount Bintumani, Sierra Leone's highest peak and one of the highest in West Africa.
37
Sierra Leone's official language is English.
38
Sierra Leone obtained independence from Great Britain in 1961, after more than 150 years of British rule.
39
Climate change poses a danger to economic recovery and growth.
40
Sierra Leone endured repeated coups, economic upheaval, and official corruption decades after independence.
41
Sierra Leone is home to some of Africa's most stunning beaches.
42
Sierra Leonean Leone is the national currency in Sierra Leone.
43
A largely unaltered economic structure, poor productivity, and disproportionate reliance on agriculture impede further economic recovery. Agriculture employs around 75% of the world's fast-rising population, but inefficient agricultural practices and climate deterioration endanger its sustainability. The country's infrastructure is still in poor condition. Due to the lack of a business climate due to economic instability, there is only a limited private sector to stimulate further economic growth.
44
Sierra Leone's flag is a straightforward horizontally striped green, white, and blue tricolor.
45
Turtle Islands is a series of eight isles inhabited by a fishing population.
46
The British established Sierra Leone's police force in 1894, making it one of the oldest in West Africa!
47
In 1991, Sierra Leone entered a decade-long civil war that resulted in the deaths of over 50,000 people and numerous atrocities such as rape, murder, mutilation, and the recruitment of child soldiers.
48
Additionally, the conflict displaced almost 2 million people – approximately one-third of Sierra Leone's population at the time.
49
Sierra Leone is one of only 27 nations without a single UNESCO World Heritage Site.
50
Sierra Leone's Tiwai Island is one of the few surviving swaths of ancient rainforest in West Africa.

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