50 Fascinating Facts About Lithuania

Lithuania is recognized mostly for being one-third of the Baltic States and producing some of the best basketball players in the world. However, this little country hides a wealth of information. We've compiled a list of intriguing, unusual, and downright bizarre facts about Lithuania. Lithuania has a surprisingly long list of accomplishments for a country so remote in Europe. The lengthy names of their athletes with unending consonant strings and comical accent marks may even be familiar to you from seeing them compete on television. Here are some fascinating facts about Lithuania's history, geography, and people that will blow your mind.<br />

1
Lithuania is a European nation in the North.
2
The Republic of Lithuania is the country's full name.
3
A Baltic Sea country, Lithuania is bordered by Latvia to the North, Belarus on all four sides, Poland, and the Russian territory of Kaliningrad to the southwest.
4
Lithuanian is the official language.
5
Lithuania has a population of 2,850,400 as of January 1, 2016, according to official statistics.
6
Lithuania is a landlocked country with a total size of 65,300 km2 (25,212 square miles).
7
Lithuania's capital and largest city are Vilnius. Known for its baroque style, the city's medieval old town exhibits this in spades.
8
Known for its gently undulating hills, lush woodland areas, and numerous streams, Lithuania has plenty of waterways to explore as well.
9
Lithuania's highest point is Auktojas Hill, at 294 meters (964 ft) above sea level.
10
Lithuania's forests encompass 33 percent of the country's land area.
11
About 6% of Lithuania's land area is covered by lakes, which occupy 950 square kilometers (367 square miles).
12
Lithuania has a coastline that stretches for around 90 km (56 miles).
13
The Curonian Spit is long, narrow, and curving divides the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea coast at 98 kilometers. This vast dune peninsula has been inhabited since prehistoric times by humans. Southern Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, and southwestern Lithuania make up the area's two halves. Both nations share this UNESCO World Heritage Site.
14
Lithuania has a total of five national parks.
15
As Lithuania's first national park, Auktaitija National Park was created in 1974 and is the country's first national park. Moreover, a third of the land is covered with forest. Pine stands make up most of the forest, some of which are over 200 years old. There are also 126 lakes dotted among the hills and woodlands.
16
Lauren's Trakai Historical National Park is a state park. Trakai, a medieval city about 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) west of Vilnius and the surrounding woods, lakes, and villages, were included in the 1992 designation. It's the only one of its kind in the whole of Europe.
17
Approximately 10 millennia of human habitation may be traced back to the Kernav Archaeological Site. This archaeological site was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
18
Vilnius's Old Town is one of Northern Europe's largest remaining medieval settlements. Within its 70 streets and lanes are 1487 structures totaling 1,497,000 square meters in floor space. It is divided into 74 districts. Vilnius's Old Town was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994 as a cultural treasure.
19
It is a religious, historical, and cultural landmark in Vilnius to have the Gate of Dawn as a city gate. It was constructed between 1503 and 1522 as part of Vilnius' defensive fortifications, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania's capital.
20
The fabled Hill of Crosses is a breathtaking site in Lithuania. For hundreds of years, people have come here to pray. Following the suppression of a Russian tsarist revolt in 1831, people began laying crosses as a custom. Catholic pilgrims have long brought sculptures of the Virgin Mary, carvings of Lithuanian patriots, and hundreds of miniature effigies and rosaries to this site, in addition to crosses and crucifixes of all sizes. More than 200,000 crosses, sculptures, and shrines, constructed of wood and metal, may still be seen on the site today.
21
The monastery and church at Paaislis make up Lithuania's biggest religious complex, and it is also the country's finest example of Italian Baroque architecture. Krzysztof Zygmunt Pac, a Polish nobleman and Great Chancellor of Lithuania founded the Camaldolese Hermits Order in 1662.
22
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was Europe's biggest country in the 14th century, including Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, & portions of Poland and Russia
23
When Mindaugas unified the Lithuanian tribes and founded a monarchy a few decades later, only one ruler.
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Lithuania was one of the last European countries to embrace Christian values. The country's first religion was known as 'Romuva.'
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In 1387, the Vilnius Cathedral School, Lithuania's earliest known school, was created.
26
Lithuania is a member of the so-called "Baltic States," which also includes Latvia and Estonia. In addition to Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia are members of the Baltic States.
27
Despite its simplicity, Lithuanian cuisine provides a broad range of flavorful meals. The major components are rye, potatoes, different meats, mushrooms, and dairy items. Lithuania's most famous dish is cepelinai (potato dumplings packed with meat, cheese curds, or mushrooms).
28
As far as we know, Lithuania is the only nation that has an official smell.
29
The amber discovered along the Baltic Sea coastlines of Lithuanian seasides is world-renowned. In addition, the largest Lithuanian seaport, Palanga, has its own Amber Museum.
30
In terms of hot air balloons per citizen, Lithuania is number one in the world. Another unique thing about Vilnius: you can take hot air balloon rides above the city.
31
Easter Granny (Velyk Senel) brings Easter eggs to Lithuanians.
32
Only one Lithuanian served in the Royal Air Force during World War II: footballer Romualdas Marcinkus.
33
In 1009, the Annals of Quedlinburg first mentioned Lithuania by name. That's a dated statement.
34
Lithuania is located in Europe's geographic center, according to 1989 research by a French scientist.
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Lithuanians were the last Europeans to become Christians, at least officially.
36
This means that Lithuanian is older than any of the other major European languages. It is a member of the Indo-European language family and is the closest thing to Sanscrit.
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Lithuanian, according to some linguists, is the world's oldest surviving language.
38
There are around 13,000 pairs of Lithuania's national bird, the stork, throughout the country. Lithuania Facts You Should Know
39
In 2011, Lithuania had the fastest internet upload and download speeds globally, according to a ranking. That is something I can vouch for.
40
Litauen was Europe's biggest nation by the fourteenth century.
41
The Lithuanians were the first to realize that they could make vodka out of grain by distilling it.
42
On December 12, 1990, Lithuania became the first nation to formally proclaim its independence from the Soviet Union.
43
Perfume of Lithuania is the official scent of Lithuania, and it is unique to the country.
44
About a third of the country is covered by forest, including several protected areas and national parks.
45
It's no secret that basketball is the world's most popular team sport. Arvydas Sabonis, one of several Lithuanians who became NBA stars, is perhaps the most well-known example.
46
Lithuania grew to be the biggest country in Europe by the end of the XIV century, encompassing Belarus and portions of Ukraine.
47
It was Lithuania where Hannibal Lecter was born in The Silence of the Lambs.
48
It's worth noting that Pope John Paul II's mother was born in Lithuania and raised there.
49
Whistle outside only. Whistling indoors is fraught with peril since doing so is said to summon demonic minions.
50
Lituania briefly gained independence following World War I, but the Soviet Union annexed it soon after. The country was then conquered by the Nazis and then again by the Soviets. By declaring its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990, this little nation set an example for other countries worldwide.

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