50 Fascinating Facts About Mali

There are no seaports or airports in Mali. Therefore, it's a landlocked country. The total land area is 1,240,192 square kilometers. The capital and most populous city of Mali is Bamako. Its official language is French. It uses the West African CFA franc as its official unit of currency (XOF). It borders Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, the Ivory Coast, Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania. Mali is in the West African nation of Africa. Please find out more about Mali's geographical characteristics, ethnic groupings, and civilizations, along with its plant and animal life, with these 50 facts about Mali.

Fascinating Facts

By 2035, the population of Mali is predicted to have more than doubled. Bamako, Mali's capital, is one of the continent's fastest-growing cities.
Salif Keita, the singer-songwriter dubbed the "golden voice of Africa," is Mali's most well-known artist.
The festival au Désert, sometimes known as the "African Woodstock," takes place in Mali. Due to safety issues, the festival hasn't been hosted since 2012.
The fertility rate in Mali is 5.9, which is higher than the global average of 2.4.
Droughts, rebellions, coups, and a 23-year military dictatorship have plagued Mali since its independence. A democratic election was conducted in 1992 for the first time since General Traore took control in 1968 following the coup in 1991.
150-kilometer-long sandstone cliffs make up the UNESCO-listed Cliffs of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons). The Dogon people have built 289 settlements along the cliff's edge.
Mali is a West African nation cut off from the rest of the continent by a mountain range. A landlocked country is surrounded by land and has no maritime access. 45 countries are landlocked, and five states are only partially recognized by the international community.
According to rock art discovered in the region, Mali has indeed been inhabited since 10,000 BC, when the Sahara was lush and abundant in animals.
One of pre-colonial Africa's greatest and best-known empires was the Mali Empire. Moroccans seized it in the late 16th century after it was established in the 11th century.
Mali was colonized by France in 1898 and given the name French Sudan.
Sudanese Republic (formerly French Sudan) won independence from Mali in 1959 as part of the Mali Federation, an alliance that linked Senegal and Sudan (Mali).
It was declared an independent republic in 1960 after the Federation was disbanded.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Timbuktu, dated back to the 5th century and was a major Islamic cultural and trade hub in the 15th and 16th centuries.
The Great Mosque of Djenné in Mali is the world's biggest mud-brick structure. It was completed in 1907.
Mansa Musa, the Mali Empire's monarch from 1280 to 1337, was reputedly the richest man in history.
Mali has the world's third-highest average birthrate, with each woman having six children. Therefore, the population will continue to rise rapidly for the foreseeable future.
Mali's high newborn, child, and maternal death rates are many reasons, including insufficient health care or unattended deliveries.
During the yearly dry season, many Malians from rural regions leave their homes in search of work. About ten percent of people are born with the ability to roam freely.
Unemployment, internal unrest, food poverty, and droughts have contributed to Mali's long seasonal movement and emigration history.
A transit nation for regional migratory flows like the Central African Republic, Mali now channels illegal migrants to Europe.
People smugglers and traffickers use these same migratory routes to transport their wares. Mali is seeing an increase in cases of human trafficking.
Thirty percent of the Mali workforce is unemployed. About 80% of people are employed in agriculture, while 20% work in services and other businesses.
Many ethnic groups inhabit Mali, notably the Bambara (34%), the Fulani (15%), the Sarakole (11%%), and Senufo (6%).
Mali's official language is French; however, most of the country speaks Bambara. There are more than a dozen different national dialects.
The Republic of Mali, a landlocked republic, is the world's 24th biggest nation.
Mali is Africa's eighth-largest country, about the same size as South Africa and about two and a half times the size of Texas.
The dry Saharan zone, the semiarid central Sahelian zone, and the southern cultivated Sudanese region, which is home to the bulk of Mali's inhabitants, make up the country's three natural land zones.
Mali is one of the world's hottest countries due to the country's location on the thermal equator. Droughts are common, and rainfall is almost nonexistent.
For the most part, Mali's terrain is flat, rising only to wide, arid plains in the north. Much of the nation is in the southernmost reaches of the Sahara Desert.
Eight main regions and the Bamako Capital District make up Mali's administrative structure. Regions include Kayes, Koulikoro, Sika, Ségow, Gao, Mopti, Kindal, and Tombouctou, to name a few (also known as Timbuktu).
The Senegal River is in the southernmost tip of Mali. Mount Hombori Tondo, the area's highest peak, is in the far northeast.
Because of the Senegal & Niger Rivers, the southern part of Mali is the most fertile.
Gao, Mali, is home to the world's most important meridian marker. You'll be able to see both the North and South Poles from here.
Mali has a subtropical to desert climate, with a hot and dry season lasting from February to June. The rainy season lasts from June to November, and it's humid and moderate. The chilly, dry season lasts from November through February.
There have been three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan commerce in Mali's past.
During the 50,000 B.C. Ghana, Songhai, and Mali empires astronomy, mathematics, literature, and art flourished during this period.
The Ghana Empire of Mali was the first black empire in West Africa. The country's strategic location on the trans-Saharan trade routes contributed significantly to the empire's riches.
As the country's first monarch, Sundiata, Mali's Lion King (or Lion Prince), was the founder and first king of the Mali Empire. Imperial territory reached as far west as Africa during his reign (1235–1260).
Over 70,000 individuals and 50 pounds of gold journeyed to Mecca in the fourteenth century with Malian Emperor Mansa Musa. Every Friday during his journey, he erected a new mosque.
Mali was annexed by France and included in French Sudan during Africa's late 19th-century colonial period. In 1960, the Mali Federation gained independence from France after almost a century of French domination.
It was the Republic of Mali that emerged because of Senegal's withdrawal from the Federation. Mali established a new constitution and transitioned from a socialist to a democratic state in 1991.
Since the turn of the twenty-first century, the northern Tuareg tribes have been at the forefront of many military and political uprisings against successive Mali governments.
A coalition of Tuareg MNLA and Islamic Ansar Dine has declared northern Mali to be the Islamic State of Azawad in recent years. The opening of an embassy even marked their presence in the Netherlands.
More than 100 people have been murdered in Mali since U.N. forces were deployed there in 2013. It's regarded as one of the most dangerous missions for the United Nations.
As Islamist terrorists seized control of major northern cities, including Timbuktu, and began destroying several historic sites, Mali's president asked for French assistance in 2013.
The French forces stayed for a long time, killing all the top al-Qaeda figures working with the insurgents. In May of 2015, a new peace agreement was established and signed.
In 2015, two hotel assaults in Mali resulted in the deaths of 39 persons. In August, there was one, and in November, there was another. Several hotels around the nation have already announced that they will be closing until the problems are resolved.
Mali's central and southern regions have seen the rise of an Islamist organization that recruits by defending local communities from bandits and government corruption.
Natural resources from Mali that are regularly exported include gold and uranium. Mali also exports a lot of phosphates, salt, and limestone, among other things. Agribusiness exports plus gold mining provide the bulk of Mali's earnings.
The southern part of Mali is home to some of the world's most productive gold mines, producing more gold than South Africa and Ghana combined.