50 Fascinating Facts About Marshall Islands

Islands in the Pacific Ocean, Marshall Islands is a nation. It has no land borders because it is an island nation. Wake Island (north), Kiribati (southeast), Nauru (south), and Micronesia (federated states) are all close islands (west). As one of the world's least-visited countries, it's not exactly a hot spot for tourists. The nation still awes visitors, including its white-sand beaches, lush green foliage, azure lagoons, and magnificent coral reefs. Here are the 50 fascinating facts about Marshall Islands.

Fascinating Facts

1
There are 29 atolls in the Marshall Islands, which are divided into two archipelagic chains. There are a handful of islands on each atoll. When corals establish a reef all around the top of the volcanic island, they create atolls. Finally, the reef rises above sea level and becomes land.
2
The first Europeans to set foot on the islands were Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan & Spaniard Miguel de Saavedra.
3
Long periods of foreign control have shaped this island nation's history. Following a series of events, Spain established a legal claim to the islands; in 1885, Germany seized the islands; in 1914, Japanese troops took them; and in 1944, U.S. forces retook them.
4
Captain John William Marshall of the Royal Navy named the islands for himself when he passed through the region in 1788 with a ship carrying convicts heading for New South Wales
5
Blue with orange and white stripes that increase in size in the top right corner make up the Marshall Islands' flag. Also visible in this image is a vast, white star.
6
As a United Nations trust territory, the United States governed the Marshall Islands from 1947 until 1994.
7
Nearly half way between Hawaii & Australia, the islands are located.
8
Following adopting its constitution in 1979, the Marshall Islands ultimately became an independent state in 1986. After joining the United Nations in 1991, the nation became a member state.
9
Even though the Marshall Islands' security and defense are currently under the responsibility of the United States, the United States contributes millions of dollars in annual funding. The United States is also one of only 22 countries that do not have a military. The Marshall Islands, a former U.S. territory, did not establish an army when it became an independent nation. Instead, the United States oversees protecting it.
10
Between 1946 and 1958, the Marshall Islands atolls of Bikini or Enewetak were utilized extensively for nuclear weapons testing. The United States conducted 67 nuclear and biological weapons tests on, in, and over the Marshall Islands.
11
Until that time, the Marshall Islands had conducted the world's biggest nuclear-weapons test. The "Castle Bravo" hydrogen bomb test was also the first to be dropped from an aircraft. A military station & missile test range are rented from Kwajalein atoll.
12
The Marshall Islands are the sixth smallest sovereign state in the region in terms of land area.
13
The Marshall Islands, despite their small land area, covers an area about the size of Mexico in the Pacific Ocean.
14
At barely two meters above sea level, the Marshall Islands have one of the lowest average altitudes in the world.
15
Climate warming and increasing sea levels pose a threat to this country's low-lying location. For now, the nation is looking into possible solutions, such as creating new artificial islands or moving its residents elsewhere.
16
People in the Marshall Islands are some of the world's fattest people. A staggering 83.5 percent of the elderly population is considered overweight.
17
Tuvalu is the world's least-visited country, followed by the Marshall Islands. It only sees about 5,000 visitors a year in the nation.
18
The largest shark sanctuary in the world may be found in the Marshall Islands. A region four times the size of California has been declared a shark-free zone by the government.
19
Majuro, the capital of the Marshall Islands, is a 64-island atoll.
20
The Marshall Islands' history may be traced back to the 2nd millennium B.C. when its inhabitants were known as seafarers.
21
There are 29 atolls in the Marshall Islands, which are divided into two archipelagic chains.
22
The Ratak Chain and the Ralik Chain are the names of the two island groupings in the Marshall Islands, Ratak meaning dawn and Ralik meaning sunset.
23
Jepilpilin ke ejukaan, or "accomplishment by combined effort," is the national motto.
24
It is a flower that grows on all atolls and is considered a symbol of good fortune by the inhabitants.
25
In the Marshall Islands, there are three main islands: Dunlap-Uliga-Djarrit (DUD).
26
The U.S. military blew it up in 1952 during a hydrogen bomb test on Elugelab, a Marshallese island.
27
Dry coconut flesh, known as copra, is critical to Marshall Islands' economy.
28
The islands rise barely 7 feet above sea level on average.
29
The Polynesian rat is the sole terrestrial mammal native to the Marshall Islands.
30
John Marshall, a British adventurer who visited the area in 1788, gave it its name. "jolet jen Anij" was the last name for the islands (Gifts from God).
31
The United States began conducting nuclear tests in the nation following the end of World War II. The United States dropped 67 atomic bombs on the Hawaiian Islands between 1946 and 1958. Elugelab, a Marshallese island, was destroyed during a hydrogen bomb test. Seeing the impacts of this testing still reverberating around the country is heartbreaking. Today, radiation-related diseases and birth abnormalities continue to plague the nation.
32
From the country of origin comes the word "Bikini." Louis Read, a French designer, came up with a swimsuit design that was so shocking that no model would wear it in 1946. A year after the United States conducted atomic bomb testing in Bikini Atoll, the man who created it called it "Bombshell." He seemed to have taken the "bombshell" adage literally.
33
Pleased to meet you! Hola! In this island nation, how do you say hello to someone? The most popular greeting is iakwe, which means "yawk-way" in Swahili. "You're a rainbow," it says. Wow! Let me tell you, we're all rainbows in the sky.
34
Because the islands are so small, you'll only have access to one road. There will be no detours, no shortcuts, and just one path for you to take.
35
Please allow me to explain why the Marshall Islands are a must-see destination. That's because it won't be around for a long time to come. The Marshall Islands are at risk from increasing sea levels due to climate change and the fact that the atolls and islands are only a few meters above sea level. The whole people now residing in this area will be evicted shortly.
36
The Marshall Islands had no native animals since they were an island country that had risen from the ocean floor. However, there are a plethora of aquatic species to choose from. More than a quarter of the world's soft and hard coral species may be found in the waters around the islands. It's a popular spot for divers because of the crystal-clear water.
37
If you look up "The Flame of the Forest," you'll notice that it grows on all atolls, regardless of climate. People in the area believe that it is a sign of good fortune.
38
The Marshall Islands are a group of approximately 1,225 islands and islets located in Oceania. There are 29 atolls and 5 solitary islands in all.
39
The Marshall Islands were dubbed Aelon Kein Ad, meaning "our islands," by the first Micronesian navigators who landed there around 2000 B.C.
40
There are 870 reels and 160 varieties of coral on the islands.
41
Lease payments from the United States for the use of Kwajalein Atoll as a U.S. military installation account for a large portion of the country's economic output. Between 1986 to 2001, the United States provided Marshall Islands funding totaling nearly $1 billion. This took place because of the Free Association Compact. Since then, the Compact has been renegotiated, and it now extends from 2004 to 2024, giving the Islands an estimated $1.5 billion in direct U.S. support during that period.
42
The Marshall Islands are considered a Level 1 danger by the U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory in terms of security. Because of this, travelers can take the usual precautions. Personal belongings are frequently stolen from vehicles, hotels, and residences, even though they are generally safe.
43
There are medical facilities in both Marshall Islands' significant cities, Majuro and Ebeye. However, in some parts of the Islands, there are few or no hospitals. The United States is the most likely destination for medical evacuation in a severe accident or injury.
44
The Marshall Islands have a limited quantity of natural freshwater. A city's 36.5-million-gallon reservoir cannot keep up with the city's expanding demand for freshwater. New desalination facilities are expected to become a top priority for the country.
45
One-third of the Marshall Islanders have moved to the United States, with Hawaii and Guam most popular destinations. For starters, there are no jobs or business prospects on the islands. Several Marshallese people are fleeing their nation due to a lack of access to quality education and healthcare.
46
The United States admits that the Marshall Islands' infrastructure requires repair. This resulted in $6.5 million worth of infrastructure funding to the tiny Republic in 2017 to restore schools, healthcare facilities, recreational facilities, and water distribution systems.
47
Over 30,000 Marshallese inhabitants were without electricity as of the end of 2012. Access to electricity is available to around 59 percent of the population, mainly in metropolitan areas. There has been an increase in power generation, with the Islands generating 650 million kWh of electricity in 2016.
48
Through an international undersea fiber-optic connection, the Marshallese people have indeed been able to access the internet since 2009. Even though this gives a fast internet connection, there is no adequate backup if the cable is damaged. In 2017, the nation had to rely on a backup satellite when the cable went down for maintenance. In terms of both speed and breadth, the satellite didn't quite meet the expectations of the Republic.
49
It is compulsory in the Marshall Islands to attend primary school (the first eight years). Around the age of 14, most pupils are done with this mandatory instruction. Even though foreign governments fund many schools, several have fallen into disrepair and need renovations.
50
Due to the Marshall Islands' remote location, the Marshall Islands' way of life consists primarily of solitude. Citizenship is not a birthright, and most people speak their native language. The process of becoming a U.S. citizen takes five years. The Marshall Islands receives less than 5,000 visitors a year, making it one of the least-visited countries in the world.

Sources