50 Fascinating Facts About Mauritania

Portuguese explorers found Mauritania, a former French province when they set foot in the country. Even though they came in the 15th century, the French eventually overtook them as the country's rulers. After a series of successful invasions, they established a settlement and declared French West Africa, which they referred to as their colony. After serving as a colony for decades, Mauritania struggled for its freedom like any other country. In 1960, the country became an independent state after a long and arduous struggle. Despite being a sovereign nation for over 60 years, France's cultural and educational impact may still be seen. Many people are unaware of the many fascinating aspects of this culturally varied country. By supplying these details, we'll be able to solve this problem today. They're all here...

Fascinating Facts

1
In North and West Africa, Mauritania borders Algeria, Western Sahara, Mali & Senegal, and the Atlantic Ocean.
2
Mauritania's name comes from the old state of Mauretania, which itself stems from the Berber-speaking inhabitants of northwest Africa known as Mauri (meaning Moors).
3
At some point in the 6th century BC, Mauretania became a tribal monarchy. Around AD 44, it was taken over by Rome by the Phoenicians and Carthaginians.
4
The UNESCO-listed Archaeological Site at Volubilis in modern-day Morocco, which was the capital of Mauritania in the 3rd century, displays significant ruins of the Roman city that was constructed there.
5
France took control of southern Mauritania in the 1850s and 1860s. French colonial rule of Mauritania began in 1904.
6
The Mauritanian flag features a green background with a crescent and star in the center and red stripes at both the top and bottom. Islamic motifs such as the star, crescent, crescent, and crimson represent the bloodshed that occurred during the country's war for independence from France.
7
Mauritania attained complete independence in 1960 after achieving self-governance in 1958.
8
Slavery was abolished in Mauritania in 1981, making it the last country to do so. An estimated 10 to 20 percent of the world's population was enslaved as of 2012.
9
In 1984, Colonel Maaouiya Ould Sid Ahmed Taya was installed as the country's leader after a coup. Since then, the military has overthrown him while he has been on vacation.
10
Part of the world's biggest desert may be found in Mauritania. Much of North Africa is covered by the Sahara Desert, which has a total size of 8,600,000sq km (3,320,000sq miles).
11
As a result of most of the Mauritania's desert land, the country has been plagued by prolonged dry spells.
12
Mauritania has a poverty rate of 22.1 percent. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), acute malnutrition affects 9.8 percent of children under the age of 5, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
13
When people talk about the Richat Structure, they often refer to it as "Eye of the Sahara" or "Eye of Africa," located in Mauritania. Geophysicists think a raised dome has crumbled to disclose onion-like layers of 45 kilometers (28 miles) broad rock.
14
Mauritania has a population density of fewer than four persons per square kilometer, making it one of the world's least densely inhabited countries.
15
There are 17 nations globally that the UK Foreign Office considers hazardous for visitors in 2020 because of the threat of terrorism, and Mauritania is one of them.
16
Mauritania is home to the world's largest ship graveyard. Hundreds of shipwrecks have sunk in shallow water near Nouadhibou, where they are either scavenged or allowed to decompose.
17
All these minerals may be found in abundance in Mauritania's mineral deposits.
18
An oil field called Chinguetti, with estimated 120 million barrels, was discovered in 2001, and since then, Mauritania has become one of Africa's newest oil producers.
19
Natural gas has been discovered off the coast of Mauritius, with a potential of 50 trillion cubic feet of gas, which is comparable to 8.9 billion barrels of oil, making it one of the most significant finds in the world in 2019.
20
Mali and Senegal are its closest neighbors; Senegal also has a coastline that runs along the Atlantic Ocean, which it shares with Western Sahara to the north.
21
Mauritania's crystal-clear lakes and vast sandy desert may be seen in 18.1500° N, 15.9667° W coordinates.
22
There are a few hills in the nation's middle, but the landscape is primarily a bleak, flat desert.
23
Mauritania's entire land area is 397,955 square miles (1,030,700 square kilometers)
24
Only 4.403 million people lived there in 2018, fewer than one-fifth of the UK's population, which implies it is 60 times less densely inhabited than the United Kingdom!
25
Even more astoundingly, this makes it one of the world's least populous countries!
26
968,000 people lived in the capital city of Nouakchott in 2015; it has an area of 400 square miles (1,036 square kilometers).
27
It's the ouguiya, which is divided into five khoums in Mauritania's currency. Madagascar’s ariary currency is one of only two non-decimal currencies (currencies that can't be divided into units of 10 or 100) in the world.
28
The Richat Structure in the Saharan desert is a natural geological formation that may be viewed from space! It's called the "Eye of Africa" because it's still a mystery!
29
Nouadhibou Bay is home to a "ship graveyard" that is the biggest in the world. There are more than 300 ships that have been disposed of in the bay after their useful lives have expired.
30
Wild and endangered species are abundant in Mauritanian wildlife. Mauritania is only one of the many African countries that have such creatures.
31
Even though there are only two kinds of animals indigenous to Mauritania, it boasts six endemic scorpion species! In addition to a jumping spider and many beetle species, several indigenous animals may be found in the area.
32
Since its independence from France in 1960, Mauritania has been a sovereign country on its own.
33
Mauritania's official language is Arabic. In addition to French, there are six additional languages spoken in the area.
34
As far as slavery is concerned, Mauritania has been one of the last to abolish it.
35
One of just two countries in the world that do not utilize a decimal currency in Mauritius! Madagascar is the other.
36
Sorghum (a crop), millet (rice), dates (dried fruit), and livestock and fish are some of the staples of Mauritania's economy.
37
Fish processing and iron ore, gypsum, and gold mining are the mainstays of the local economy.
38
Its neighbors are the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east, and Senegal to the southwest.
39
There were an estimated 4,220,883 inhabitants in Mauritania as of the first of the year 2017.
40
Mauritania is the 28th-largest country in the world and the 11th-largest in Africa, with just 1,030,000 square kilometers (400,000 square miles).
41
Mauritania's capital and largest city, Nouakchott, is located here. Saharan city is one of the largest Mauritania governments, and businesses are headquartered in the city.
42
An ancient Berber kingdom in modern-day North and West Africa called Mauretania lasted from the 3rd century BC until 700 AD.
43
Since the 1970s and 1980s, droughts have driven many nomadic people and subsistence farmers to relocate to cities. However, the bulk of Mauritania's population still relies on agriculture and animals for their living.
44
If foreigners overexploit the nation's coastal waters, they might jeopardize this vital source of cash.
45
The offshore Chinguetti oil field was found in Mauritania in 2001. While its impact on the Mauritanian economy might be enormous, its total impact cannot be predicted.
46
At least 4 percent of the population (155,600 individuals) of Mauritania are forced to work against their will, making it one of the most oppressive countries in the world.
47
In 2007, Mauritania became the final country to criminalize slavery, making it a criminal offense for the first time in its history.
48
To establish Islam over North Africa and to rule over Islamic Spain, the Almoravid dynasty was born in Mauritania.
49
The cessation of inter-clan conflict and the legislative ban of slavery was brought about by French colonialism in the early twentieth century.
50
Racist riots broke out in Mauritania and Senegal in 1989 over a territorial dispute. Over 40,000 Mauritanians of African descent were expelled into Senegal.

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