Middle East – 30 Facts You Should Know

The Middle East is a word used to describe an area that includes nations in southwest Asia and, in most cases, at least a portion of North Africa. To be in the “middle of” anything is an intriguing concept. East of where? It is still a relatively new concept, even though it is now widely used inside and outside the area. It was invented by the British Foreign Office at the end of the 19th century and used in a 1902 essay by a naval commander from the United States.

Initially, it was used to differentiate between the Balkans and the Ottoman Empire and the Indian subcontinent. Afghanistan and Persia were part of the deal. Of course, the nations of East Asia, such as China, Japan, and Korea, were included in the definition of the Far East. Thus, of course, the phrase is utterly Eurocentric – the area is east from the viewpoint of western Europe and not from the perspectives of China, Russia, or Africa – and the name is a misnomer. Today, both the Near East as well as the Middle East are used interchangeably, although the latter is the more common.

Population

Southwest and Central Asia are home to 559 million people. Only 8% of the world’s population is made up of them. The people in the area are not distributed equally. There are a few sites where the population density exceeds 250 persons per square kilometer. In many places, there are less than two persons per square mile. There are still many rural areas in this part of the country. A growing number of people are moving to metropolitan areas. One in four Saudis resided in cities in 1970, for example. Four out of every five Saudis were living in urban areas in 2007.

One of the world’s most rapidly expanding populations may be found in South and Central Asia. It also boasts one of the most youthful populations around. Its population is mainly under the age of 25. Most individuals in this area are Muslims. Sunni Muslims make up approximately 85% to 90% of the population. Only 10 to 15% of the population identify as Shi’ites. Jews and Christians are also found in the area, albeit in lower numbers. Each of these three faiths has a special place of worship in Israel’s capital city of Jerusalem.

Climate

Winters are mild in the mountains of Turkey and Iran, but the summers may be blistering, especially in northern Mesopotamia and along the Mediterranean coast. The Arabian desert, meanwhile, has scorching year-round heat. Most of the area is dry. However, this isn’t true everywhere.

30 Fascinating Facts

1
A large and complicated tunnel system was discovered in 1963 when a guy tore down a wall in his home. Derinkuyu, an old underground city in Turkey, has been rediscovered by him. Up to 20,000 people may live in the town at one time, and it was equipped with all the typical luxuries.
2
Arabic, Turkish, Berber, Persian, French, Kurdish, and English are just a few widely used languages throughout the Middle East and North Africa.
3
The 'crossroads of the globe' has described the Middle East since three continents are connected by this route.
4
Syrian air defense systems were so effective in 1973 that they virtually wiped out Israel's entire air force within 18 days of the conflict. When Israel's air force was rebuilt in 1982, it conducted the most excellent air combat since the Korean War, destroying virtually all of Syria's air defenses and air force in less than two hours.
5
More than 80% of Muslims do not reside in the Middle East. There are more Muslims in South Asia than there are in the Middle East as well as North Africa put together.
6
Bankruptcy proceedings are not permitted in Dubai. As a result, fleeing individuals ditch their high-end sports vehicles in the airport parking area. Cars from Ferrari and Porsche to Land Rover and Mercedes are left to rot in the desert heat every year.
7
Indonesia, a nation in South Asia, has the world's most significant Muslim population, not the Middle East.
8
Herodotus, Plutarch, and the Book of Daniel refer to Iraq's "Eternal Fire," a natural gas vent blazing for more than 4,000 years.
9
Nearly two-thirds of those living in the Middle East are under the age of 25.
10
Mecca's ancient buildings have been destroyed by up to 95% in the previous three decades. Many of the places had a history dating back more than a thousand years, and many of them were tied to Muhammad's life and times.
11
Most Arabs are Muslim, yet most Muslims are not Arabs.
12
The King Abdullah Institute of Science and Technology, which initially opened its doors in 2009, is Saudi Arabia's first mixed-gender institute campus and the first in the Middle East. There are no religious police in college, and women are free to socialize with males and drive to school without fear of being pulled over.
13
The Arabic word salaam, which signifies peace, is the root of Islam and Muslim phrases.
14
There are three major monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and all originate in the Middle East.
15
The Gregorian, as well as other calendars, are based on Earth's rotation around the sun, whereas the Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles.
16
Middle Eastern peace is promoted through a young ensemble known as the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra, consisting of the best Israeli and Palestinian artists.
17
Ancient Egyptian women's corpses were embalmed after being allowed to decompose for 3-4 days before being transported to be reinterred. They did this as a deterrent to necrosis.
18
Some English punctuation marks are inverted or reversed when used in Arabic, although all are present.
19
In the Middle East, Arabic is the most widely spoken language. More than 20 nations have adopted it as their official language, and almost 300 million people understand it throughout the globe.
20
About 85-70% of the world's Muslim population, including 60% of the Middle Eastern people, are Sunni Muslims.
21
The Mecca, Saudi Arabia fire of 2002 killed 15 girls. People believe that the "religious police" were responsible for their murders, preventing the girls from exiting the building because they were not dressed according to Islamic standards.
22
Muslims make up around 23% of the world's population, making up about 1.6 billion people.
23
The Yemeni city of Mocha, where commercial coffee manufacturing began in the year 1400, is where the word "mocha" comes from.
24
In Saudi Arabia, 350 million years ago, there was a 20-foot tall mushroom. At the time, it was perhaps the most significant living organism on dry ground.
25
Yemeni men attempted to sue NASA in 1997 for violating their 3,000-year-old ancestral claim to Mars.
26
King Hussein of Jordan donated $8.2 million in 1993, selling one of his London homes to purchase the 80 kg of gold needed to repair the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.
27
After Spanish, English, Chinese, and Hindi, Arabic is the world's fifth-most frequently spoken language.
28
The Middle East was once home to some of the world's oldest civilizations. Some examples of these civilizations include those that developed in Egypt, Sumer, Assyria, and Babylonia.
29
In order to construct the Mega hotel complex, Saudi Arabian developers demolished the centuries-old Turkish castle of Ajyad in 1983. Ajyad had protected Mecca and the Kaaba from invading bandits and invaders.
30
Middle Eastern countries are home to three of the ancient world's seven wonders, which include the Great Pyramid of Giza, Babylon's Hanging Gardens, and also the Lighthouse of Alexandria, among others.

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