50 Fascinating Facts About Moldova

Moldova, a landlocked country sandwiched between Romania & Ukraine, declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. This means that Moldova is a young country. Still, its history dates back thousands of years, as evidenced by the discovery of 1.2-million-year-old artefacts at some of the country's most important archaeological sites. It's one of Europe's poorest countries, yet it has a rich history, culture, and cuisine. What if you were curious about this tiny country? To get you started, here are a few Moldovan facts.

Fascinating Facts

Moldova ranks 12th in the world in terms of wine exports. Moldova has been cultivating grapes and manufacturing wine for about 5,000 years.
The largest Jewish cemetery in Europe is in Moldova's capital city of Chisinau.
This nation is home to the world's most extensive underground wine cellar, Cricova.
Guinness World Records have recognised the Milestii Mici's 1.5 million-bottle wine collection as the world's most extensive collection of high-quality wine.
Tirnauca's Strong Drinks Museum is the world's most enormous bottle-shaped edifice (28m).
Some 30 monasteries (some date back to the 15th century) and wood churches are located in the area.
Gagauzia's second official language, spoken by little over 200,000 people, is a disappearing one.
In addition, Russia still maintains 2,500 troops and 22,000 tonnes of munitions in Transnistria, which is a significant presence.
Criva's "Emil Racovita" cave has been ranked as the eighth-largest cave in the world.
Moldovan is a Romanian dialect. Moldova was the Soviet Union's densest republic during this period.
Stefan cel Mare (1457-1504) was Moldova's best monarch, winning 34 of the 36 battles he fought.
In addition to Paraguay and Saudi Arabia, Moldova is one of only three countries with flags that differ on both sides.
It is faster in Moldova than in Norway or the United States or in 150 other countries. Moldova ranks third in a list of 152 nations based on Internet access speed.
Cleopatra Stratan is the highest-paid young artist, the youngest artist to win an MTV award, and the youngest to have a #1 hit in a country.
The town of Congas is Europe's most significant settlement.
Soroca became known as the "Gipsy capital of the globe" during the Soviet era.
The oldest oak tree in this area is more than 600 years old.
There was once a species of an elephant-like creature called "Denoterium" that roamed this land. Ethnographic museum curators believe the animal's skeleton is the second largest in Europe.
Twenty of Moldova's more than 40 parks (ancient arrangements of various tree species, exotic flora, and lakes) remain in good condition.
Taul Natural Reservation (46 hectares) is the largest park and provides a peaceful and picturesque environment. Caves and coral formations are the most popular attractions in moreover than 385 of these protected areas.
The Republic of Moldova is the country's official name.
With Romania to the west, Ukraine to the north, east, & south, Moldova is surrounded by three countries:
Romanian is the country's official language.
The Republic of Moldova had a population of 4,067,485 as of the 1st of January, 2016.
The Republic of Moldova's capital & the largest city is Chișinău, historically known as Kishinev. On the banks of the Bîc River, Moldova's industrial and commercial capital is situated.
The highest point in the nation is the Bălănești Hill, which stands at 430 metres (1,411 ft).
Nearly 74% of the land is covered by farmland, orchards and orchards, pasture and grain fields; 13% of the land is covered by broadleaf deciduous forest type, especially oaks, in the centre hilly area; and wetlands or swamps cover just over 3% of the land.
The present system of protected areas covers 4.65% of the country's land area. Most of the terrain and biological richness is preserved inside the four nature reserves and other protected categories.
Natural Reserve Padurea Domneasca (Royal Forest) covers an area of 14,905 acres (14,905 hectares). In 1993, it was created. The oldest oak tree in Moldova is estimated to be 450 years old and may be in reserve.
Moldavia's Emil Racovita Cave is the world's 26th-longest gypsum cave and the 13th-longest in Europe. There are around 89,000 metres (291,991 ft) of underground galleries spread out over several levels.
Orheiul Vechi, a mediaeval settlement, was founded in 1330 under the Golden Horde's reign. It's now an open-air museum comprised of both natural and artificial landmarks and structures.
The Tipova cave monastery is situated on the Nistru river's rocky edge. The most prominent Orthodox cave monastery in Moldova and Eastern Europe is located here. Founded in the sixth century AD, the monastery was deserted for a long time until being rebuilt in 1756. "
The Căpriana Monastery, founded in the early 1420s, is one of Moldova's oldest monasteries. It was only a matter of time until the monastery was elevated to "Royal" status after visits by the reigning dynasty, including Alexander the Good, Stefan del Mare / Stefan the Great, and Alexandru Lăpuşneanu.
The primary cathedral of the Moldovan Orthodox Church is located in central Chişinău, Moldova: The Cathedral of Christ's Nativity. Abram Melnikov designed the cathedral in the 1830s, and it was completed in 1838.
As many as 30 different technical grape varieties may be found in Moldovan vineyards, which cover an area of 112,000 hectares (276,758 acres). The Value Lui Traian (southwest), the Stefan Voda (east), the Codru, and the Balti wine areas are all part of Romania's rich winemaking heritage (North). The history of Moldovan wine dates to 3000 BC, but the first grapes were planted here 7000 years earlier.
The Milestii Mici winery in Moldova has the world's most extensive wine cellar, with over 1.5 million bottles. Underground galleries dug out of lime mines store the bottles across 55 kilometres (34 miles). A bottle from 1968 was the first to be kept, and since then, other vintages have been added annually. The town in which the basement is located is named Milestii Mici. The Guinness Book of World Records "
The world's most enormous bottle-shaped edifice is in Moldova's Tirnauca hamlet, the Strong Drinks Museum.
A total of 13,500 people call Congaz home, making it Europe's most considerable hamlet.
Like its neighbour Romania, Moldova's cuisine has absorbed aspects from other nearby countries and Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. Many kinds of meats and grains are served as the main course in beef and pig, potatoes, cabbage, and a variety of other things.
Moldova is a tiny country with a population of about 3.5 million people. -1.06 per cent population growth is a worrying number for its long-term prognosis. Low birth rates and emigration by inhabitants to more developed and wealthy countries are to blame for this situation.
A phenomenon is known as "brain drain" plagues many developing countries, and Moldova is no exception. When job prospects for skilled employees are few in their native country, they are forced to leave, robbing their nation of their valuable contributions. Derweile estimates Deutsche-Welle that every fourth Moldovan work outside the country; many use their dual Romanian citizenship to work in any country within the European Union.
Investments in the startup infrastructure by the private sector and the Moldovan government aim to retain more of the country's highly trained workers. There is a plan to give $112,000 to each of the 10 most outstanding Moldovan entrepreneurs and investment in Moldova's colleges. Building a tech-friendly corporate climate will help Moldova retain competent individuals and connect with the Western economy, even if this is a new industry.
Rural Moldovans make up 19 per cent of the population, compared to just 5 per cent in metropolitan regions. Only agricultural occupations are available in rural Moldova, with higher-paying positions concentrated in towns like Chisinau.
Moldova is torn between forming alliances with its more pro-EU neighbours and with Russian adversaries. Moldova shares more similarities with Romania in terms of its language. However, as an energy exporter, Russia has sway over Moldova. Moldova is the world's ninth-most energy-secure country, relying on imports for nearly all of its energy needs.
A lot of progress has been made in governance in Moldova since its independence from the Soviet Union. However, Moldova just received a "partly free" classification from Freedom House International, even though corruption is still a problem. Additionally, the country signed a European Union Association Agreement, indicating that it intends to implement changes for better commercial relations with the union.
From 68 per cent of the population in 2000 to just 11.4 per cent in 2014, the national poverty rate has declined dramatically. Together with the rise of tech firms and the prospect of closer ties with the European Union, these trends portend a brighter future for the country.
Moldova has a preschool, primary, secondary, and tertiary education system. Moldovans are required to attend primary school. Those in grades one through four attend primary school, while those in grades five through nine attend secondary school, while those in grades ten through twelve attend secondary school. Moldova's education system looks to be quite effective, with high school attendance rates and a near-100 per cent literacy rate.
Moldavia's air quality is still a significant problem. It was a result of the Soviet regime's heavy industrialization that garbage was improperly disposed of. Groundwater degradation and fertilizer runoff into streams are also a byproduct of Moldova's rural economy.
Public health is a big problem in the country. Moldovans, according to the Independent, are the world's biggest drinkers. Moldovan’s drink three times as much alcohol as the global average of 6.1 litres per year, or 18.22 litres on average. The country's short life expectancy may be a result of these high rates of alcohol intake.
Moldavians, not Belarusians, are the world's biggest drinkers. The average Moldovan consumes 16.8 litres of alcohol each year.