Montserrat - 13 Fascinating Facts, Population, Land, and History

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Montserrat is among the most well-known trips for half or full days from Barcelona. It is situated mid-cliff and is accessible via cog railroad or cable car. At the top, tourists can choose to explore the monastery’s grounds as well as hike the various trails that wind upwards or over Montserrat Mountain, or ride two funiculars for a picturesque viewpoint or holy cave that is believed to be the site of a mystical appearance of Mary. Montserrat’s position in Spain’s cava-producing region, a lot of tourists, make a combination of an excursion and tasting at any of the nearby wineries.

The Montserrat History

The first inhabitants were people called the Tainos 500 BCE; Montserrat’s heritage and culture have been shaped over time through various settlements and other events. “Land in Prickly Bush” is what the Tainos named the island that looks like a pear. When they lived on the island, they lived in villages like Trants and Dagenham. They left their mark by preserving artifacts that have been on display inside the National Museum.

At some point in 1493, Christopher Columbus saw an island and named it after a famous monastery near Barcelona, Spain. He called it Montserrat after the famous monastery. The majority of the early Europeans who arrived at the island around 1632 had Irish Indentured servants. The Africans were enslaved people employed in plantations that produced mostly sea-island cotton, sugar, and lime. The Africans abandoned the customs and practices incorporated into some Irish traditions.

The island was referred to affectionately in the form of “Emerald Isle of the Caribbean” because of the striking resemblance to its shorelines and cliffs in addition to the historic ties to Ireland. The Irish were prominently featured in Montserrat’s past and left their mark on the names of places and surnames. The symbol of Montserrat includes an Irish Shamrock. Its coat of arms for the Montserrat Flag is a glimpse of Erin (the female character sporting a cross and harp).


With an estimated population of 5,000 on the island, everyone is familiar with each other. The community spirit is such that every resident born here has an identity. The group that is included among Montserratians also known as “‘Stratians” (pronounced “Strashans”) which is what we refer to ourselves immigrants who came from Dominica, Jamaica, Guyana as well as Guyana, Dominican Republic, and Haiti, who came to aid in rebuilding the island following the initial eruption of the volcano. This is why it’s not uncommon to hear radio ads in Spanish as well as Haitian Creole. Furthermore, close to 100 snowbirds live in second homes in the area in the region, where they stay for between three and six months each year.


Montserrat measures eleven miles (18 km) long and 7 miles (11 km) wide. The volcanic landscape on the island is shaped by three mountainous areas – the Silver Hills, the Centre Hills and the Soufriere hills, separated by narrow gorges and valleys called ghauts locally. These three hills, the Silver Hills, in the north as well as The Centre Hills, are forested at higher elevations but also have secondary scrubs on their lower slopes. In the Soufriere Hills, Chances Peak was at 3000 feet (915 meters), the highest peak on the island prior to the mid-1990s, when the first eruptions of volcanoes during Montserratian history profoundly impacted altered the landscape. 

In July 1995, a series of eruptions began, during which the volcanic domes of the Soufriere Hills would grow and then collapse. In June 1997, 19 people were killed. In the latter half of December, the area of nearly 2.7 sq miles (7 square kilometers) of the forest, pyroclastic flows, and debris smashed agricultural terrain and villages after a volcano’s explosion.

13 Fascinating Facts

Before 1995, it was home to more than 11,000 residents. After it erupted, volcano Soufriere Hills and the subsequent destruction devastated the island. The volcano killed many, and 7,000 people fled this island, leaving almost half of the island ruined and abandoned. However, since the eruptions, over 1,000 people have returned to Montserrat, and the population has risen to 5,215.
The hurricane season runs from June and November. Extreme stormy weather can occur during this time. Nature-related disasters put the people of Montserrat under a lot of stress, and the situation has become so bad that only one-third of the island can be inhabited.
The most spoken language used in Montserrat, the language of choice is English, and the inhabitants of Montserrat also speak other variants of English like Creole English and also Ebonics as well. There is an eclectic blend from African, British, and Irish traditions, though there is evidence that some North American cultures have deep roots in the island over the last few years. The majority of the population are people of African origin, with a small amount of Europeans.
Agriculture and tourism were the main economic activities. But, because of the devastation caused by eruptions of the 1990s, many had to move to Plymouth, which was the largest commercial hub. Since then, Montserrat has relied deeply on British as well as Canadian assistance to repair infrastructure and offer services like quarrying and mining.
The 2012 Country Poverty Assessment found that 36 percent of the people are poor, with children between the ages 15 or younger making up one-third of this group. This is based on the results.
The government of Montserrat is made up of a group of people who are elected by the people. The British crown is a governor that the monarch picks, and that governor is the British crown. As a governor, you pick a person to be in charge of the administration, and that person is the premier. This is what tends to make Montserrat a separate part of the United Kingdom. Montserrat made voting available to everyone over the age of 18 in 1951. This means that everyone who is over 18 can vote.
Every five years, the Legislative Assembly votes on new members to the group. In Montserrat, 71.06 percent of the people have been signed up to vote.
The most fascinating of the most interesting facts about the living conditions of Montserrat is the level of education. Despite the destruction caused by volcanic eruptions in the area, of the 5,215 residents aged between 10 and 70, 96.5 percent of them are proficient. Before the eruption, In the past, Montserrat spent 20% of its budget on education. Now, it spends 8% of its education budget, down from 20%. There are almost no empty seats in primary school. The enrollment ranges from five to 12. There are two types of secondary school: one from the ages of 12 to 16, and one from the ages of 17 to 21.
According to the results of the Caribbean Food & Nutrition Institute's study of children aged zero to five years old conducted in 2010, 20.8 percent of men and 17.4 percent of females had a high chance of becoming overweight, according to the survey. 8.3% of females and 7.2% of females were overweight, whereas 5.6% of men and 2.9% of females were. Between 2009 and 2010, 36 people between the ages of 15 and 75 were taken to the hospital because of anaemia.
Primary and secondary care is only available at one institution in Montserrat, and there are no additional facilities for secondary care. Montserrat wants to make sure its citizens can get secondary & tertiary health care at a reasonable price by 2050.
A government survey done in 2018 found that there are 176 people living in Montserrat who are not working. The rate of unemployment is 6.5%. Men make up 7.2% of the jobless, while women make up over 5% of the unemployed. The unemployment rate for people between the ages of 15 and 24 is 11.8%.
Nearly all Montserrat residents (99%) have access to safe drinking water, and 82,9% have access to sufficient sanitation. Hepatitis A and Typhoid can both be spread through contaminated water in Montserrat, which is why they are both dangerous.
Life expectancy for Montserrat throughout Montserrat is 74.8 years on average, which is longer than most other places (73.5 years for women in addition to 76.1 years for males). People with diabetes mellitus make up 10.2% of the population, and 66% drink alcohol.