50 Fascinating Facts About Mozambique

One of Africa's most fascinating nations, Mozambique, is located on the coast and has a rich history. South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland as well as South Africa are all within a few hundred kilometres of its borders. The Indian Ocean runs along its eastern shore. The nation is still very new, having earned independence from Portugal just in 1975. Mozambique is a beautiful, wildlife-rich nation with pristine beaches, deserted islands, culture and legacy, and fantastic scuba diving opportunities. However, more than 80% of Mozambicans still live below the poverty line, despite significant progress in decreasing poverty in the country. International humanitarian groups continue to battle poverty in Mozambique by distributing help to eradicate hunger, increase water and sanitation standards, and expand education and health care. Let's look at over 50 fascinating facts about Mozambique.

Fascinating Facts

1
Mozambique would outperform every other one-word nation if it were written in Scrabble tiles.
2
It gets 34 points. Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are tied for second place with 30 points.
3
Mozambique is the only country with a national flag depicting a contemporary weapon. With the bayonet connected, a Kalashnikov is shown with a hoe in its grip.
4
Mozambique has been the only Commonwealth nation that has never been a member of the British Empire.
5
Mozambique's official language is Portuguese.
6
Acacia trees may be found in abundance throughout the city's streets, making Maputo the "City of Acacias."
7
Lake Malawi, Africa's third-biggest lake, is shared by Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania.
8
Lake Malawi is named Lake Niassa, and it is famed for having more fish species than any other lake here on earth.
9
Agriculture is the backbone of the country's economy. Cashew nuts, cotton, tea, sugarcane, maize, coconuts, fruits, and potatoes are all grown in Mozambique.
10
Aluminium, petroleum products, cotton, chemicals, glass, cement, tobacco, food, and drinks are among its industries.
11
Though it is still one of the world's most impoverished countries, Mozambique's economy has overgrown in recent years.
12
The industry, primarily food and beverage manufacturing, chemical manufacturing, aluminium production, and petroleum production, is expanding. Happy days are on their way!
13
The nation is home to several of the most remarkable coral reefs in the world. More than 1,200 fish species have been found in Mozambique's coastal waters.
14
Vasco da Gama, the famed Portuguese explorer, was the first European to enter Mozambique in 1498.
15
Portuguese colonization of the region started in the 16th century, and by the 18th and 19th centuries, the area had become a significant slave trade centre.
16
Mozambique gained independence in 1975, after more than ten years of guerrilla warfare for independence and then a 1974 military revolution in Portugal.
17
Mozambique's first president was resistance leader Samora Machel. He died in an aircraft accident in South Africa in 1986. It was generally thought that the South African authorities were engaged in his killing, despite the administration categorically denying any involvement.
18
Hundreds of indigenous fish species may be found in Lake Malawi. It has been likened to the Galapagos Islands in terms of evolutionary significance.
19
Twenty-five percent (25%) of Lake Malawi, sometimes referred to as Lake Nyasa, is located in Mozambique. If you measure freshwater volume, Lake Malawi ranks fourth among the world's lakes; it's also Africa's second-biggest lake.
20
Lake Malawi is commonly called "the calendar lake" because of its 365-mile length and 52-mile width.
21
There are five islands in the Bazaruto Archipelago where dolphins and more than 2,000 species of fish are protected. There is indeed a loggerhead, leatherback, green, and even dugong turtles.
22
Maputo, the capital, will have 1.2 million residents in 2020.
23
In Mozambique, the rainy season lasts from November to April, and the average temperature is 28°C all year!
24
It's hard to believe that just 21 of 98 airports have paved runways!
25
Mozambique has plenty of room for everyone. According to its size and population, it's three times as large as the United Kingdom.
26
With a single word name, Mozambique is the only nation to have all five vowels included.
27
Perhaps this should come as no surprise, particularly following a visit to 258 Mozam! Every year, Mozambique exports tonnes of prawns, as well as other vital commodities such as aluminium, textiles, sugar, wood, and citrus fruits.
28
Mozambique is located in a tropical zone, with an annual temperature of 28 degrees Celsius. Winters in KwaZulu-Natal may be cold, although that is not typical for the rest of SA.
29
South African divers are already aware of this! The reef that runs through the Bazaruto Archipelago is home to about 1200 different fish species. These reefs create one of the world's most extensive marine reserves.
30
In 2015, Mozambique's life expectancy was just 55 years, compared to 79 years in the United States. A high proportion of poverty, infectious illnesses, and inadequate water quality, and hygienic conditions are all factors that contribute to a low life expectancy.
31
According to USAID, malaria is responsible for 42 percent of mortality among children under the age of five. However, owing to floods and droughts, which both enhance the possibility of disease transmission, the whole population is a danger of catching the illness.
32
Extreme weather patterns, such as floods and droughts, impede the country's growth. Severe floods and droughts jeopardize safe drinking water availability and agriculture's capacity to produce and maintain food.
33
Mozambique's visa policy has been updated, and visas are now provided on arrival to ALL nations at border crossings and international airports for USD 60. South Africans do not need a visa to enter the nation, and there is no entry fee.
34
Some of the dramatic moments in Blood Diamond, starring Leonardo Di Caprio, were filmed in Maputo, Mozambique. Blood Diamonds was a viral film on the reality of Africa's clandestine diamond trade. The team was stationed in Maputo for months, creating hundreds of employments and paving the path for many more series and films to be produced on location within Mozambique.
35
Mozambique is a Southeast African nation surrounded on the east by the Indian Ocean, on the north by Tanzania, on the northwest by Malawi and Zambia, on the west by Zimbabwe, and the southwest by Swaziland and South Africa.
36
The country's economy mainly focuses on agriculture, although industry, particularly food and beverage manufacturing, chemical manufacturing, aluminium production, and petroleum production, is expanding.
37
Mozambique's yearly average GDP growth rate has been among the highest in the world since 2001.
38
The nation is drained by five principal rivers and numerous minor ones, and the most outstanding and most significant of which is the Zambezi.
39
Bazaruto Island, the archipelago's most oversized island, is roughly 23 miles (37 kilometres) long and four miles (7 kilometres) broad, surrounded by stunning expanses of white sand.
40
The eastern strip is made up of massive dunes, while the interior features big freshwater lakes visited by various aquatic birds, including flamingos, and is home to crocodiles.
41
Benguerra, the Bazaruto Archipelago's second-largest island, lies a little over a mile (1 km) south of its larger neighbour, Bazaruto, including beautiful beaches, expansive dunes, and freshwater lakes.
42
Its woodland and wetland regions attract a wide range of birds and animals, and its neighbouring reefs provide some of the most outstanding diving and snorkelling on the African continent.
43
Mozambique has some of the world's richest coral reefs. More than 1,200 fish species have been found in Mozambique's coastal waters.
44
Mozambicans call Maputo "the City of Acacias" because of the abundance of acacia trees that line its streets.
45
The northern central area near the Zambezi River is the most fertile.
46
During the rainy season, Mozambique is often struck by cyclones. The most recent major disaster was Cyclone Idai in March 2019.
47
Malawi shares the country's longest border.
48
Mozambique provides a home to a diverse range of animals and plants, many of which are uncommon or endangered.
49
Mozambique is home to the mountain nyala and also the Simien jackal. Colobus monkeys and baboons, both black and white, are well-known throughout the nation.
50
Visit Gorongosa National Park. It is one of Africa's most natural parks, and several conservation groups are working to maintain it that way.

Sources