Norfolk Island – 23 Fascinating Facts, History, Culture, Geography, and Climate

New Caledonia, Australia, and New Zealand are all in the Pacific Ocean. Norfolk Island is indeed a small island in the middle of the three countries. It is 1,412 kilometers (877 miles) towards the east of Evans Head on the Australian mainland and about 990 kilometers (560 miles) to the west of Lord Howe Island. There are a lot of people living on this Island in Australia. Along with two other islands, it is one of the territories of Australia’s exterior. It is home to 1,796 residents in a total area of around 35 sq km (14 sq miles). The capital city is Kingston.


The Polynesians have been known to have been the first inhabitants of Norfolk Island, with archaeological remains suggesting a single occupation stage from about 1150 until around 1450. The Island was discovered in 1774 by Europeans 1774 and was named after the Duchess from Norfolk by captain James Cook. The first European establishment was made in 1788, just two months after the First Fleet landed at Botany Bay.

Two convict colonies that were established on Norfolk Island from 1788-1814 and from 1825 to 1855 represented the period of transport to the eastern part of Australia from 1788 until 1855. This second settlement of convicts was constructed according to the principles of a “great hulk” or penitentiary’ and was believed to be among the most brutal of the British Empire. Residents of Pitcairn Island, a settlement made up of descendants of HMS Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives, were evacuated aboard HMS Bounty in 1856, and their Tahitian brides subsequently relocated to Norfolk Island, having surpassed Pitcairn Island.


The Island, made up of basalt lava flows that lie horizontally, and surrounded with lateritic soils, rises steeply (with some cliffs rising to the height of 300 feet, or 90 m higher than sea level) from a vast submarine ridge. Kingston, along with the landing site located at Cascade in the northwest end on the northern side of the Island, comprises among the rare places where high cliffs don’t bound the coastline. The soil, while rich, can easily be eroded in the absence of vegetation covering. The average temperature is 60 degrees F (15deg Celsius), and the rainfall is more than 50 inches (1,300 millimeters) every year. 

The two islands are smaller; Philip (a volcanic rock formation that can reach 900 feet [275 min-height) in addition to Nepean (a limestone hill), is located off the shores of the southern part of. While a large portion of the land is removed for pasture and cropping, the once-dominant Norfolk Island pines (species Araucaria excelsa or even A. heterophylla) remain an important part of the surrounding landscape. The Island is home to a vast range of species of flora and fauna. This includes bats, geckos, turtles, abundant fishes, and many seabirds.


Norfolk Island has a marine subtropical climate (Koppen classification: Cfa), which is described as mild. The temperature is rarely below 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees F) or exceeds 26 degrees Celsius (79 degrees F). The highest temperature recorded can be found at 28.4 degrees Celsius (83.1 degF), and the absolute minimum temperature is 6.2 degC (43.2 degF). The annual average of precipitation of 1,328 millimeters (52.3 in), The majority of the rain falls between April and August. Other months also receive substantial amounts of rain too.


Although there was no “indigenous” cultural tradition in the islands prior to the time of the settlement, there was a Tahitian influence of Pitcairn colonists has led to certain elements from the Polynesian culture being brought into Norfolk and the Hula dance. The food of the Island also has influences on the region. Islanders typically spend a significant amount of time outside and fishing as well as other water sports being popular leisure activities. This aspect has been more prominent as the Island opens up to tourists. The majority of island families include at least one member engaged in primary production.

Since all Pitcairn settlements were connected, Islanders are historically informal with one another and strangers. One of the most obvious aspects to this can be seen in “Norfolk Wave,” “Norfolk Wave,” where drivers make a wave at each other (ranging from a simple wave with the entire arm to raising a finger from your steering wheel) when they pass.

Religion is an integral element of life for a few islanders, particularly the older generation. However, actual attendance is approximately 8 percent of the population and some tourists. According to the census of 2006, 19.9 percent of the population did not have a religious affiliation, compared to 13.2 percent in 1996. The businesses are shut on Wednesdays and Saturday afternoons, as well as Sundays.

23 Fascinating Facts

Norfolk Island is home to the highest point in Oceania and the seventh highest place on the planet, Mount Bates.
The Island is more than 807.78 miles (1,300 km) of the continent of Australia and isn't much distinct from the mainland.
There is just one traffic light on the Island, and there is no public transportation. This is both inconvenient and frustrating for visitors.
Hotels suggest hiring a car for exploring the Island since there is only one taxi available on the entire Island.
Norfolk residents cultivate their own fresh produce using organic farming techniques.
The locals produce all other food items locally, and the season determines which products are sold.
It's not that there's a shortage of food items. The Island is blessed with abundant and lush produce, including tropical fruits.
A phonebook is released every three years. It has everyone identified by their nickname rather than their registered name under the name the person was born.
Islanders are so than just their names that many have lost track of their names at birth.
The locals observe Thanksgiving as a public holiday, and it is among the very few locations outside of the United States to do so.
In Norfolk, the festival in Norfolk is held on the last Wednesday of November, not the Thursday before.
It all started with an American businessman and trader who was named Isaac Robinson after he settled on the Island and introduced the locals to the concept of celebrating the holiday with sweet treats such as cornbread and pumpkin pie, which are now well-known as a favorite!
The flag that is the official symbol that Norfolk Island uses was adopted in 1979 under the Norfolk Island Act of the Flag and Public Seal and is described as a rectangular flag split into three panels.
The two sides are green, while that middle panel has white. It includes Norfolk Island's official seal Norfolk Island on it, which includes a picture of the Norfolk Island pine tree.
A few of the first residents of Norfolk Island were East Polynesians; however, during Great Britain's colonization, the Island was then abandoned.
1788 In 1788, the British Government was able to begin to settle and make it part of their colonial settlement in Australia.
Around 1,800 people are living on Norfolk Island, with about 35% being children.
It's the Island's biggest historical moment, commemorating not just those who escaped their fates but also those who died prior to being exiled on Pitcairn Island.
There are only two flights per week to travel to Australia to reach the Australian mainland. It would help if you departed from airports in Sydney or Brisbane. They are international airports.
Larger boats should anchor 0.62 miles (1 km) away from shore and utilize smaller vessels to transport products to shore, which requires them to negotiate bumpy terrain to get to where they are supposed to go.
The Island of Norfolk Island it's not known as fishing, but it's often called "catching" because there are numerous fish that there is no need to be concerned about not having enough trouble in catching them.
Its climate is subtropical, mild, and humid with no seasonal variations, and the average daily temperature varies from 64 to 86 F.
Birds also have been affected through the introduction of novel species that could be viewed as a threat, such as common blackbirds as well as crimson rosellas.