North America – 38 Facts You Should Know

Canada and the United States of America make up the third-largest continent, stretching from the Aleutian Islands to the Panama Canal in the south. Greenland, the largest island globally, is located in the northeast, while the Caribbean Sea and the western North Atlantic Ocean are home to a slew of smaller nations and territories.


North America Geography Notes

Geographically, North America has many interesting features worth exploring, including the Great Plains and Mississippi River System:

The Great Plains of North America, which run from the Rockies to the Canadian Shield and the Appalachian Mountains, are known as the Great Plains. Treeless expanses and shallow river basins characterize the landscape, mainly flat and free of mountains. On the Missouri Ozark Plateau, a few minor hills and mountains can be found, as well as in the Boston Mountains, the Ouachita Mountains, and the Boston Mountains of northern Arkansas & eastern Oklahoma. Throughout Nebraska, sandhills and buttes may be found.

The 2,339mile-long (3,765kilometer-long) Mississippi River System is the largest in North America and the United States. A few miles beyond New Orleans, it runs from its source in northern Minnesota all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. With the Missouri and Ohio rivers, it forms the world’s third-longest river system at 3,877 miles (6,236 kilometers).


Rivers are a good place to start for those unfamiliar with Times Square’s geography. The Mississippi River and its tributaries constitute the third-largest river system globally, located in the United States. Water that flows into a bigger body of water is referred to as “tributary.” The Missouri River is the longest in North America, notwithstanding the Mississippi’s vast water system. 

There is also the Rio Grande, which is well-known. Between the United States and Mexico, it acts as a natural borderline. St. Lawrence is located in the far north. This canal connects the Atlantic to the Great Lakes by providing ship transit. The Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes straddling the United States and Canada boundary. Lakes Superior, Huron, Erie, Michigan, and Ontario are located west to east.


The altitudes of North America are likewise very variable. “elevation” is often used in geography to refer to the height above sea level. We have the Alaskan Range, which offers some very high peaks beginning in the north. Denali, North America’s tallest mountain, may be found inside this vast wilderness, stretching from Alaska to Canada’s Yukon Territory. The Rocky Mountains greet us as we make our way south. The length of the Rockies is about 3,000 miles. 

They stretch from northern Canada to New Mexico, making for an enormous arc. The Appalachian Mountains stretch eastward from the Southeast United States to Quebec, Canada. The Sierra Madres may be found farther south in Mexico. Mexican Pacific Coast to Central America is home to the Sierra Madres. Surprisingly, the Sierra Madres is mostly comprised of jungles and active volcanoes.


With a landmass that extends between the Arctic Circle and the Cancer Tropic, North America is one of the world’s largest continents. Greenland is a tundra with typical temperatures ranging from 10 to 20 degrees Celsius (50 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit). However, the majority of Greenland is covered by a massive ice sheet. 

The Canadian Shield and the Great Lakes mark the outside limits of this tundra, which extends across the country but is cut off by the Rocky Mountains (but it still incorporates Alaska). Temperatures west of the Cascades are mild, with 20 inches of precipitation (510 mm). Coastal California has a Mediterranean climate, with year-round average temperatures ranging from 57 to 70 °F (14 to 21 °C) in San Francisco.

New York City receives an average of 50 inches of rain each year, and the continental-humid climate stretches from the East Coast through eastern North Dakota and down to Kansas (1,300 mm). It stretches from the continental-humid climate’s southern boundary to the Gulf of Mexico, known as a “subtropical climate.” 

Mobile, Alabama, is the wettest city in the contiguous United States, with an average annual rainfall of 67 inches (1,700 mm). The steppe/desert climate is indeed the driest in the United States. It starts at the borders of the continental humid as well as subtropical climates and goes west to the Cascades and the Sierra Nevada, south towards the southern tip of Durango, and north to the border with the tundra climate, which is very dry.


As the third-largest continent globally (after Asia and Africa), North America is the most fundamental North American truth. North America is a part of both the Northern Hemisphere and the west regarding geography. In addition to the Arctic, the continent is bounded by the Pacific Ocean to its south and west and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. South America, as well as the Caribbean Sea, borders North America's southeast. There are around 9.5 million square miles of land in North America. This mountain range covers about 16.5% of the planet's total surface area.
Geographically, North America is divided into five major areas. Canadian Shield, Great Plains, Eastern, Caribbean area, and Mountainous West. Because of the continent's vastness, there is a wide range of climates to be found. It goes from tropical to chilly.
Mexico Metropolis, the biggest city in North America, is the gateway to the continent. Mexico surpasses New York, as most people believe.
Canada, the second-biggest country globally, is the largest in North America. Third on the list is the United States.
In addition, none of the nations in North America are landlocked. In other words, every country in North America is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.
This is the biggest island in the world. North America's tectonic plates collide with this sovereign area. Even though Greenland has the name, the island is covered with ice.
This means that only the Isthmus of Darian and the Isthmus of Panama are land bridges that connect North America and South America, but not both.
The shoreline of North America is erratic and extensive.
Alaska's Denali is North America's tallest mountain, whereas Death Valley in California is the driest place.
In North America, there is a great deal of cultural diversity. Anglophone culture is protected by legislation in the United States and English Canada, but not in French Canada.
Parts of the Spanish Empire and then-independent Mexico were combined to become the United States of America. Because of this, the United States sees a constant flow of Spanish speakers from the Mexican border.
Greenland received a large influx of immigrants from the Canadian Arctic in the past. Thus, the people of Canada and the United States have a common cultural heritage. Because of Denmark's long-term occupation, it also has deep links to the country.
After Asia and Africa, North America comes in a close third in terms of size.
The total land area of North America is 9.54 million square miles or 24.71 million square kilometers. This indicates that North America accounts for 16.5 percent of the planet's total geographical area.
North America is the fourth most populous continent globally, despite its third-largest size. Europe, which has a population of 739 million, takes the top spot in terms of population (North America only has 461 million).
Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer, is the name given to the continent of North America. First, he discovered that the West Indies and Brazil are not related to Asia but rather are part of a distinct continent of their own.
Until recently, the term "America" applied only to the continent of South America. Most mapmakers, however, chose to keep the ancient designation of the continent that is now North America.
The Western and Northern Hemispheres contain all of North America.
For the first time, the continent of North and South America was named "America" by a mapmaker in 1539, and it was Gerard Mercator, a geographer, made this decision.
When discussing North and South America, referring to them as "subcontinents" rather than continents is common.
Las Vegas did not start as a gambling mecca in the heart of the Nevada desert. Within one hundred years of its discovery in 1829, it went from a commerce stop to a railroad junction because of its plentiful water supplies. For the first time, a hotel-casino was established in 1941 as a draw for both tourists and residents. Only a century later, Las Vegas went from being an important rail hub to the world's most popular gaming destination.
Spanish, French, and English are the three most widely spoken languages in North America. Many individuals in Greenland also speak the Danish language; nonetheless, most of them reside there.
Canada is the biggest nation in North America, with about 10 million square kilometers. Greenland (2.2 million square kilometers), the United States (9.9 million square kilometers), and Mexico round out the top five (2 million square kilometers).
It is impossible to travel across North America without encountering the three biggest seas.
Scientists have found that all Native Americans are descended from a single population that existed during the last cold age, based on mitochondrial evidence. After a thousand years of rapid growth, these people are believed to have expanded across the continents through the Pacific Coast route.
More than 15,000 years ago, a land bridge between Asia and Europe was thought to have brought the first Native Americans to North America.
North America is home to two of the world's biggest tectonic plates. They routinely clash near the California and Alaska coasts, resulting in large earthquakes.
Depending on the context, several nations in North America are included in the word. The United States, Greenland, and Mexico are sometimes included in discussions of North America as a whole.
Because of their location at the core of tectonic plates and the relative stability of cratons, they are sometimes referred to as the geological heart of continents. For the continent of North America, Laurentia is the name of the craton.
While most people are aware of Lake Superior's immense size, only a select few are aware of its actual dimensions. Lake Superior is not just the world's biggest freshwater lake but also has a volume of three quadrillion gallons. To put it another way, that's enough water to cover both North and South America. When it comes to shipwrecks, Lake Superior is no surprise.
As if the pizza wasn't enough of a national pastime, we consume enough pizza to fill 100 acres every day. 3 billion pizzas are sold every year.
Irene Triplet is still receiving a pension from the Civil War, which ended in 1865. Triplet, who is over 90 years old, is entitled to a survivor's benefit of $73.13 a month since her father participated in the war. One can only guess that Triplet has been through a lot in her life and understands all about the joy and sorrow military families experience.
The Appalachian Mountains in the United States were home to a bluish-skinned family in the 19th and 20th centuries. In the Fugate family, this was owing to an illness called methemoglobinemia, which was regularly handed down due to the family's secluded alpine lifestyle.
217 people live in Whittier, a city in the state of Alaska. Nearly every resident of this tiny town is housed in the city's one structure that serves as the town's primary school, a church, and a supermarket.
Greenland has the highest suicide rate in the world, according to a study conducted between 1985 and 2012. During this time, 83 individuals out of every 100,000 died by suicide, and 20% of persons said they had tried suicide at least once.
The Grizzly Bear is the official state animal of California, and it is also depicted on the state flag. On the other hand, California is home to just a few grizzly bears, and the last sighting was in 1924.
New York City's 1780 winter was so severe that it even caused the harbor to freeze over. Consequently, individuals were able to stroll over the ice from Manhattan to Staten Island.
According to Canadian lawyer Garry Hoy, Toronto Dominion Centre's glass was indestructible in 1993. This was shown by his jumping against the glass, which then broke out of its frame and fell to the ground with Garry Hoy. Even after Hoy's death, the pane of glass remained unbroken.