Pitcairn Island – 33 Fascinating Facts, History, Fertility, and Population

Pitcairn Island is located in the South Pacific, about halfway between South America and Australia. It consists of Pitcairn Island and three uninhabited islands, Henderson, Duicie, and Oeno. British mutineers first settled Pitcairn aboard the Bounty, which Capt commanded. William Bligh. It is one of the most remote islands on the planet. In 1838, the British annexed it as a British colony. The settlement was evacuated to Norfolk Island due to overpopulation in 1856. However, 40 people returned soon after.


Pitcairn Island, a remote Pacific island located in southeastern Polynesia, is known as Pitcairn Island. While archaeological evidence shows that the island was inhabited in prehistory, Pitcairn Island is most famous for its modern history, which stems from a notorious maritime adventure called the Mutiny on the Bounty of 1789. Pitcairn Island has forty-eight permanent residents. It is also a living museum with endemic species and birds. Bounty-era artifacts were moved into a small museum and scattered throughout the landscape. The landscape itself has historical points of interest. Pitcairn, with its 224-year-old recorded history, is a place of great interest to tourists, historians, filmmakers, as well as seafaring captains.

Polynesia advertises itself as Paradise. Tourism has been a major industry for the past thirty years. Pitcairn Island, even though “Paradise,” is not a fantasy. It is subject to a more globalized world’s ideals, perceptions, and desires that seek to exploit island history to their detriment. The Pitcairners are neither British nor Polynesian in culture. They live on an island with many challenges and enjoy a paradisiacal area’s benefits. They work every day to combat a negative image that has been created as a place for misbehavior and deviance. Pitcairn’s small size makes it difficult to see the negative impact of external influences on its economy. It will need to be changed in order for economic sustainability in the future.

Pitcairn Island Fertility, and Population Growth

Between 1790 and 1856, Pitcairn Island’s hybrid English-Tahitian group population experienced a high growth rate (3% in total). They lived shorter lives than other isolated groups (life expectancy for both sexes was 50.4 years), and infant mortality at 5.5% is lower than one might have expected. Pitcairn had a very high level of marital fertility, even higher than the Hutterites. Births outside of marriage were rare, but brides were often pregnant during the marriage. Changes in the community influenced how young people aged at their first marriage. Some evidence suggests that premarital sexual activity increased in frequency, possibly due to adjusting Tahitian behavior norms within English religious ethics.

33 Fascinating Facts

The Pitcairn Islands are the only overseas possession of Great Britain located in the Pacific Ocean region.
Five Islands make up the archipelago.
Pitcairn is the only island where people live. It covers an area of approximately 4.5 km2.
Pitcairn's first inhabitants were rebellious sailors on the "Bounty" and Tahiti women captured by them. Literature extensively covers the history of the Mutiny on "Bounty."
The Pitcairn Islands is the most sparsely populated area in the world. In 2014, there were 56 residents.
Pitcairn does not have regular transport links to other countries.
Adamstown is the only settlement.
New Zealand dollars are the only valid currency.
The Islands cover 46,5 km (17,95 miles) in total.
Only one source of water is available. It is located on the largest of the islands, close to Adamstown.
Because there is no network, locals don't have cell phone service.
Pitcairn taxes were only introduced in 1904.
In 1937, a maximum of 233 people were registered here.
Pitcairn does not have an airport, but it has two well-equipped seaports.
Pitcairn's official language is English. However, Pitcairn's locals speak Pitcairn English which is a combination of English from the 18th century as well as Tahitian.
The Pitcairn Islands owns its Internet domain,.pn.
All residents over the age of 65 must perform public works on the island.
There are no restaurants or cafes on the Pitcairn Islands.
Pitcairn regularly issues local coins that have a high collector value.
Satellite phones and radios are available on the island.
Pitcairn also offers an Internet connection speed of 128kbit/s.
Pitcairn makes about ten visits to cruise ships each year. They usually only stop for a few minutes.
Everyone is required to attend school in the Pitcairn Islands.
Although the island's inhabitants are not among the 10% living in extreme poverty, it is still a beautiful place. The British financial aid of more than $3 million per annum allows Pitcairn Islanders to lead sustainable lives. Copper pots are used to boil water for all their needs. They use rose-apple firewood and copper pots. The Government of Pitcairn Islands and the Government of Private Enterprises are the most prominent ten facts about the living conditions in the Pitcairn Islands.
Most of the 50 islanders claim to descend from Fletcher Christian, one of the island's first settlers. Artifacts and fossil evidence indicate that Polynesians lived on the island before the colonization of Europe.
Tourism is the island's main industry, just like many other small countries in the tropics. Tourism is limited due to its small size and low population. Pitcairn is visited by approximately 10 cruise ships each year and several yachts. However, some of these passengers are Pitcairners and their families. Tourists can purchase homemade soaps, purple sea-urchin jewelry (fetuei), and bone and wooden carvings. The islanders grow their coffee, cacao, and tropical raw honey. To supplement their income, they sell stamps, coins, and postcards
The Pitcairn Island Tourism guide explains that "...issues or differences go as quickly on Pitcairn as they do on Pitcairn. Cheek, Smiles, and laughter usually reign; in addition, in the face of hardship, we all do our best, "Get off it and do it!"
Pitcairn's residents still face a problem with access to and quality of medical care. It is 32 hours away by yacht from Peru in Northeast and New Zealand, Southwest.
Pitcairn's residents claim they aren't so isolated because technological advancements such as the internet and phone reached their island in 2006. The Pitcairn Islands now have its products online via its official government website. The islanders hope that the internet will increase awareness of their island and its potential tourist offerings.
Adamstown's children do not have access to the best education, so many Adamstown teens and children go to school. The Pitcairners are very passionate about education, and homeschooling is not an option. Instead, they send their children to school in New Zealand.
The worst parts of the Pitcairn Islands' history are included in the top 10 facts about their living conditions. Multiple men were convicted on the island of forced sexual activity against children after 2000. The Pitcairn Islands claimed that this was the British Government's attempt at depopulating the island. However, as you might expect, Britain denied it. Pitcairn's most recent sexual abuse case occurred in the 1990s. Many changes have since taken place, including establishing a child protection system and the stationing of police officers on Pitcairn to provide additional protection.
The Pitcairn Islands used to prohibit the use of a partner in public. They also forbade smoking, dancing, and alcohol consumption. Pitcairn has abolished these laws, and same-sex marriage was legalized in 2015. Pitcairn Island has made certain behaviors acceptable in its culture. These are behaviors that larger civilizations would not normally tolerate. Since its inception, a traditionally insensitive form of survival sexual behavior between young girls and men has been recurrent on the island. This enforced "abstinence" indirectly contributes to the secret rape culture that has been practiced on this isolated island getaway and the sexual abuse of children.
Pitcairn Island is home to its prison. Pitcairners had only two miles of land to work with and found a way for them to seek justice for the wrongly accused. The fact that the Pitcairn Islands has a functioning prison system, one of the most impressive facts about the living conditions, is the best. Tourists can stay in prison. Pitcairn's prison doubles up as accommodation for tourists for spatial and efficiency reasons.