This tiny state of San Marino, formally known as the Republic of San Marino, is located on the Italian Peninsula in the Apennine Mountains, north of Rome on the Italian Peninsula. Its total land area is around 61 square kilometers. Dogana City, the country's largest settlement, is located just outside of San Marino City. San Marino's national currency is the Euro, and both Italian and the language are used across the country. Let's take a closer look at San Marino's history, geography, economics, tourism, and more with these 50 fascinating facts.

Fascinating Facts About San Marino

San Marino engaged in its last active fight in 1463.
A Christian stonemason called Marinus founded San Marino in AD 301.
It was not until April 6, 1862, however, that the national flag of San Marino was formally established. The flag's blue and white colors depict the sky and the snow that covers Mt. Titano.
San Marino stayed neutral in both World Wars, refusing to take part in either conflict.
In 1894, San Marino published its first commemorative stamps.
Since 2008, the nation has lost all 30 of its World Cup & European Championship qualifying matches.
As the Republic of San Marino, it is in the Mediterranean region of southern Europe.
San Marino claims to be the world's oldest republic and is the third-smallest state in Europe as a landlocked country.
The Vatican state, Monaco, Nauru, & Tuvalu are the only countries with a lower landmass than San Marino. As a result, San Marino is the world's fifth smallest nation.
In the northeast-southwest direction, the length of the nation is around 13 kilometers.
One-third the length of Washington, DC, the country's surface area.
Italy entirely encircles San Marino on all sides. So, it only shares a border with one other nation.
Atop Mount Titano sits San Marino, the country's capital and nicknamed "The City of San Marino."
San Marino's police force is referred to as the "Gendarmerie" in the country.
The population density of San Marino is among the highest in the world.
There is no state religion in San Marino.
Tourism, banking, pottery, paintings, textiles, furniture, fabric, and wine are all important economic drivers of San Marino.
Nearly 80% of the products made in San Marino are imported into Italy.
17,200 people in the nation have access to the internet, which works out to 53% of the population.
You may not have known, but the selling of postal stamps generates substantial money for the government since San Marino's stamps are sought-after by collectors throughout the globe.
At the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix in San Marino, Ayrton Senna led when he collided with another car and died. Before his tragic death, the renowned racer had won 41 Grand Prix.
For San Marino to defend itself, it relies on Italy's defense forces. If a battle or dispute breaks out, they do have a small party of their own.
San Marino imports electricity from Italy via the grid.
San Marino is among the world's wealthiest countries in terms of GDP.
It’s interesting to learn that San Marino has more vehicles than people in the country. Every 1000 persons in the nation had 1263 automobiles in 2010.
One cannot be considered as a citizen of much more than one country at the same time, as San Marino does not accept dual citizenship (Wikipedia: "dual citizenship" or "plural nationality").
San Marino has a high-income economy, with an average annual income of almost $36,000 per person.
Education is free and mandatory until the age of fourteen. Ninety-one per cent of students in the country have finished secondary school. Education accounts for more than 10% of the government's budget. People from San Marino tend to attend college in Italy or elsewhere in Europe.
Finance and manufacturing are the two sectors that account for most of the economic production. More than 60% of the country's GDP is derived from the banking industry. The level of life is excellent and corporate taxes are cheap compared to the EU.
San Marino has a life expectancy of 83.4 years. Universal healthcare exists in addition to private healthcare, although it is not free. An insurance fund called the Azienda Sanitaria Locale is responsible for the government's health care system. As of 2014, there were six doctors for every 1,000 residents. Only one child died in the United States in 2018.
Each of the nine towns in San Marino has an elected mayor, and the nation is a democratic republic. As leaders of state, there are two captain regents in charge of the legislative process. In terms of foreign policy, the country leans heavily on the European Union. Therefore, the EU's foreign assistance strategy is quite like that of the United States.
The aged and handicapped are covered by social security. Even if the unemployment rate has fallen in recent years, there are still benefits for the jobless and bereaved.
Having access to knowledge may significantly impact human growth; thus, this is an essential part of the top 10 facts about living circumstances in San Marino. This is reflected in the level of living. More than half of the population has access to the internet, and broadband is widespread. Currently, there are more than 38,000 active cellphone subscribers, which is more than the country's population.
The law prohibits any form of job discrimination. The minimum salary is 9.74 euros per hour, guaranteed by the state. The eight-hour workday in decent conditions is the norm in most countries. Eight percent of people were out of work as of 2018.
NGO initiatives in San Marino do not exist, although there are several NGOs that focus on education and training and health that exist from time to time. In 2006, Hope was Kindled, a British non-profit aiming to improve health via medical and technology innovation, was in attendance.
San Marino is a small enclave; hence it lacks substantial natural reserves. However, it shares surrounding Italy's moderate and mildly hilly topography. Most of its resources and food are imported. Being dependent on other nations necessitates that the country maintains good relations with its neighbors and the rest of the world.
During the 1930s, the San Marino-Rimini rail line was built. Visitors from across the globe were drawn to the country due to a boom in train travel at the time.
As the fifth-smallest country globally, San Marino occupies a total area of 23.6 square miles (61 square kilometers), giving it the world's smallest sovereign state.
San Marino is in Italy's Emilia-Romagna and Marche regions and is thus surrounded by Italian territory.
San Marino's borders are a little confusing. Even though they aren't members of the Schengen Zone, Italy has free entry into the country (and the Schengen Zone by extension). No borders mean that you cannot freely enter the Schengen Zone from San Marino.
San Marino stayed neutral in both World Wars, refusing to take part in either conflict.
As the oldest sovereign state or constitutional republic globally, San Marino is also the world’s oldest. It was founded on September 3, 301, according to the official record. The year 301 is correct.
Since 2008, the nation has lost all 30 of its World Cup & European Championship qualifying matches.
Since San Marino's postal stamps are sought after by collectors worldwide, they generate a large amount of income for the country.
For San Marino to defend itself, it relies on Italy, as it does not have its defense forces. If a battle or dispute breaks out, they do have a small force of their own.
Since San Marino is an autonomous republic. The inhabitants of San Marino prefer to be referred to as Sammarinese rather than Italians, even though they are located on the same peninsula and share a common ethnicity.
Isn't it interesting that San Marino has more autos per capita than people? Every 1000 persons in the nation had 1263 automobiles in 2010.
Several high-level officials in France graciously rejected Napoleon's proposal to help them expand their territory in 1797.
However, the country's highest authorities graciously rejected Napoleon's offer to expand their territory in 1797.
The old town of San Marino and Mount Titano are both included as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.