Argentina is a beautiful tropical country that is located in the southern portion of South America. It is home to 23 provinces and is known as the second largest country in South America. Geographically, it is bordered in the South and West by Chile, in the North by Bolivia and Paraguay, and in the Northeast by Brazil and Uruguay. The official language of Argentina is Spanish, and most people there speak the Castilian Spanish dialect. This dialect is very similar to the Spanish spoke in other pa

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The island of Barbados is situated in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles, and is an independent British Commonwealth nation. Having been previously claimed by the Spanish, the English took possession of the island in 1625 and colonial rule continued until 1966, when the island became an independent member of the Commonwealth headed by Queen Elizabeth II. Reflecting its independent status, the flag of Barbados features a three-point trident that represents the three principles of democracy: government

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In 2009, Bolivia's official name became the Plurinational State of Bolivia, in recognition of the ethnically diverse nature of the country and the enhanced status of Bolivia's indigenous peoples under its new constitution. The nation is certainly multi-ethnic: its population of 11 million is made up of Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. While Spanish is the predominant language, an impressive 36 indigenous languages also have official status in Bolivia. Geographically, Bolivi

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Brazil is the largest country in South America and is the world's fifth largest country. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, by Venezuela, Guyanna, Suriname and French Guiana in the north, by Bolivia and Peru in the west and by Uruguay in the south. It has a large coastline of over 7400 kilometers, which allows it to have a bustling tourism economy due to its numerous beaches. The country has a total population of 193 million people, and its capital city of Brasilia is hom

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Chile lies along the western edge of South America's Pacific coastline, its famously narrow outline stretching more than 6,000 kilometers along the coast. But this ocean-facing country is also mountainous, and its capital city, Santiago, is situated in a valley surrounded by the Andes and Chilean Coast Range of mountains. The mineral-rich Atacama Desert is in northern Chile, while the southern part of the country has many forests, lakes and volcanoes. Off the coast, but part of Chilean territory

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Colombia is a South American country that has some territories located in Central America. The official name of Colombia is the Republic of Colombia. The country has an estimated population of over 49 million, making it the 28th largest country in the world based on population. It’s total area of 44-,831 square miles makes it the 25th largest country by area. The largest ethnic group in the country are Mestizo and White. The official language is Spanish, but English is official in certain region

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Costa Rica

Costa Rica is a small country that is located in Central America. It is bordered by Nicaragua to its north, Panama to its south, the Caribbean Sea to its east and the Pacific Ocean to its west. The country has a population of 4.5 million, and its capital city of San Jose is home to approximately 300,000 citizens. Costa Rica has a total area of 19,653 square miles (51,100 square kilometers). The official language of the country is Spanish, but Mekatelyu and Bribri are both recognized indigenous l

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Ecuador is a small country located in South America. It is bordered in the north by Columbia, on the east and south by Peru and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. Ecuador has an area of 109,484 square miles (283,520 square kilometers). The country’s capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site in the 1970s by UNESCO. The country is home to over 15 million people, while Quito has over 2 million inhabitants. The country’s official language is Spanish, but Kichwa, Shuar and other

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Guatemala is located in Central America and is bordered by Mexico and Belize to its north, the Pacific Ocean, Honduras and El Salvador to its south, and the Pacific Ocean to its west. The country is 42,043 square miles (108,890 square kilometers) large and has a total population of 13.2 million people. Its capital city of Guatemala City is home to 1.1 million people, and is constantly growing. The official language of Guatemala is Spanish, and it does not recognize an official religion. However,

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Guyana is located on South America's North Atlantic coast. A former British colony, its capital city, Georgetown, is known for its colonial architecture, which includes St. George's Anglican Cathedral. Guyana is the only country in South America to be predominantly English-speaking (although most people speak Guyanese Creole, an English-based creole language) and retains many aspects of its colonial history (cricket is a major sport), which blends with its Caribbean culture. Beyond the capital c

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The Central American country of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala and El Salvador, and to the southeast by Nicaragua. Its southern coast lies along the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and its northern coast by the Gulf of Honduras, an inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, including the Maya, known for its hieroglyphic writing system, art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system. Honduras was invaded by the

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Nicaragua is located on the Central America isthmus directly between Honduras and Costa Rica. On its west is the Pacific Ocean, while the Caribbean Sea borders the country to the east. Nicaragua has a total area of 50,193 square miles (130,375 square kilometers). The <a href=''>population of Nicaragua</a> is estimated at 6.15 million people as of 2016, while its capital city of Managua is home to 927,087 people. The country’s offici

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Panama is a narrow country that links Central and South America. It has borders with Costa Rica to the west and Columbia to the east, while its coasts face the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The Panama Canal, an impressive feat of human engineering, cuts through the center of the country, linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create an essential shipping route. Revenue from the canal continues to represent a significant portion of the country's GDP, and Panam

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Paraguay is a landlocked country that shares a border with some of the largest countries in South America: Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia. Due to its location, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de Sudamérica ('Heart of South America') and it is the smallest landlocked country in the Americas. Paraguay is mainly composed of large swaths of swampland, subtropical forests and scrubland. The capital city of Asunción lies on the banks of the Paraguay River, and is home to the grand Government Pal

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Peru is located in the western part of South America. Ecuador and Columbia border the country to the north, Brazil borders it to the east and Chile and Bolivia border the country to the south. The west side of the country is completely bordered by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is the 20th largest country in the world, and encompasses 496,225 square miles (1,285,216 square kilometers). The entire country is home to over 30 million people, making it the 40th largest country in the world by population al

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Venezuela is located in northern South America on the coast. It is the 33rd largest country in the world with a total area of 353,841 square miles (916,445 square kilometers). The population of Venezuela is 28.9 million, while its capital city of Caracas is home to 1.9 million people. The country’s official language is Spanish. It does not have an official religion, however like most other South American nations; the majority of the country follows the Roman Catholic religion. Venezuela’s flag i

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