50 Fascinating Facts About Sri Lanka

The island nation of Sri Lanka is one of Asia's most scenic destinations and a must-see for every travel enthusiast. If you're looking for a vacation that, has it all, this country has you covered. Sri Lanka provides something for everyone, whether you want to laze on the beach, go on an elephant safari, or go mountaineering. Sri Lanka is a hidden treasure in the Indian Ocean, lying just southeast of India. The island nation has more to offer than just ancient ruins, gorgeous beaches, and incredible wildlife. Sri Lanka is one of Asia's best-kept secrets, even though it's often neglected. Travelers who visit Sri Lanka are greeted by a rich and intriguing nation that appears to have everything they need. One of the top safari locations outside of Africa, the country's 26 national parks are crammed with a diverse array of species. Here are some of the best fascinating facts about Sri Lanka.

Fascinating Facts

In 1505, the Portuguese conquered Sri Lanka, followed by the Dutch in 1658, and finally the British in 1796. In 1948, the nation officially declared its independence.
Sri Lanka's passport is one of the worst in the world. Inhabitants can visit only 47 countries without a visa or by obtaining a visa upon arrival.
Sri Lanka has the world's first female prime minister. Six years later, in 1960, Sri Lankan Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the first female prime minister of any country on Earth.
Adam's Peak is revered as the holiest Peak in all the United States. Its 2,243-meter (797-foot) top, known as the Sri Pada or Sacred Footprint, has religious importance in numerous significant religions.
Even one hour before the tsunami struck, animals all around Sri Lanka sensed its approach. Elephants and flamingos have been spotted fleeing the shore at Yala National Park.
Sri Lanka is regarded as the 'Teardrop of India' because of its unusual form and location to the south of India.
As the world's fourth-largest tea grower and third-largest exporter, Sri Lanka is an essential player in the global market. Sigiriya Rock Fortress, a massive rock column rising 200 meters (660 feet) above the wooded plains below, may be seen in Sri Lanka. The UNESCO World Heritage Site, built more than a thousand years ago, is Sri Lanka's most popular tourist destination.
More than 100 mammal species are found in Sri Lanka and 433 birds, and 245 butterflies. There are also 96 snakes and 383 spider species in the country.
When the Portuguese ruled Sri Lanka, the island was known as Ceylon, a translation of Ceilao, a name given to the nation by the Portuguese. Sri Lanka became a republic in 1972, and its name was changed to reflect this.
According to the Guinness Book of Records, Sri Lanka is home to the oldest live tree ever planted by man. It's been nearly 2,000 years since devotees have been caring for the Sri Maha Bodhi in Anuradhapura.
It's possible that Sri Lanka and India were formerly physically connected. Hindu believers believe that Lord Ram and an army of monkeys created the region between India and Sri Lanka, today is known as Adam's Bridge, millions of years ago.
The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami devastated Sri Lanka: the country's second-worst struck. There were more than 30,000 fatalities, and more than half of the population was displaced.
You may supposedly observe the world's largest land animal, the elephant, as well as the world's largest sea mammal on the same day in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka is where Lipton Tea was born. Merchant Sir Thomas Lipton of Glasgow bought 5,500 acres of Ceylon's Dambatenne Tea Plantation in 1890 and began exporting it to hit shops in the UK directly.
Sri Lanka was proclaimed malaria-free by the World Health Organization in 2016.
Between 70,000 and 80,000 persons were killed in a 25-year civil conflict in Sri Lanka. The final Tamil Tiger stronghold was taken by government forces in May 2009, bringing an end to the fighting.
Sri Lanka is a teardrop-shaped island in the Laccadive Sea to the south of India. Around 21 million people live in a country somewhat smaller than Ireland and a fourth the size of the United Kingdom.
Until 1948, Sri Lanka was known as Ceylon and then known as the Dominion of Ceylon, becoming the Republic of Sri Lanka in 1972.
In Sri Lanka, there are roughly 20 historic capitals. Anuradhapura is one of them. Colombo is around 200 kilometers away, while the UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in the north. In 380 BC, King Pandukahabaya was established here as the capital of Sri Lanka.
Cricket is Sri Lanka's national sport. To put it another way, the country grinds to a standstill when a sporting event is taking place.
The Sri Lankan flag is adorned with a golden lion and a rainbow of colours. The flag is one of the world's oldest and most recognizable. To celebrate their freedom, they added the lion's sword.
70% of all cinnamon is produced in Sri Lanka, the world's leading cinnamon producer and exporter.
Adam's Peak is Sri Lanka's most holy site. The central highland region's 2,243-meter-high Peak is a favorite destination for climbers.
Nearly 30 kilometers from Nuwara Eliya in central Sri Lanka, the World's End or Horton's Plains may be reached by road. For centuries, people believed that the Indian Ocean was the end of the Earth from this cliff, located in a national park and had a 4,000-meter drop.
Throughout the country, red bananas are supposed to be an all-natural Viagra. Bananas that appear red on the outside are green on the inside.
Sigiriya is one of Sri Lanka's most popular tourist destinations. The 8th wonder of the world, according to legend.
Travelling alone to Sri Lanka is entirely risk-free for a single female traveler.
It has been known by several names, including Taprobane, Serendib, and Ceylon, during its nearly 2,500-year existence. In 1972, it was given the official name Sri Lanka.
Colombo is Sri Lanka's capital city
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, political terrorism in Sri Lanka was on the rise. Government counter-terrorist actions were launched when a resistance movement carried out assaults.
Buddhist temples in Sri Lanka sometimes double as libraries, schools, and even nursing homes.
After tourism, tea exports are Sri Lanka's second-largest sector.
Over 70% of Sri Lanka's population practices Buddhism, making it the country's dominant religion.
Since the 6th century BC, Sri Lanka has been home to a thriving civilization.
Sri Lankans are overwhelmingly impoverished farmers who live in rural areas.
Sinhalese is the most widely spoken language in Sri Lanka.
Students in Sri Lanka have the option of earning their bachelor's, master's, or doctorate degrees for free.
The country's government monopolizes most newspapers and all broadcast media in Sri Lanka.
The island nation of Sri Lanka is known as both the "jewel of the Indian Ocean" and the "teardrop of India."
Hydropower accounts for most Sri Lanka's electricity needs.
The literacy rate in Sri Lanka is the highest in South Asia as a whole.
Sri Lanka is well-known for the diversity of its ecosystems and the variety of its fauna. Many tourists are attracted to the region because of the abundance of beautiful locations to see nature up close.
In the history of the globe, Sri Lanka's national flag is among the oldest.
Sri Lanka's Ceylon tea is renowned across the world.
The world's oldest human-planted tree may be found in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka is one of Asia's best-kept secrets, even though it's often neglected.
Sri Lanka is home to more than a hundred waterfalls, several of which offer swimming opportunities.
The Egyptians were the first to discover cinnamon, which originated in Sri Lanka.
One of the holiest Buddhist sites in Sri Lanka is Kandy's Temple of the Tooth, which houses a relic of Buddha's tooth.
The oldest tree ever planted by a person is reported to be located here.