50 Fascinating Facts About Suriname

Located in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, the Republic of Suriname is a South American republic. 163,820 square kilometers is its total area. Paramaribo City is the capital and largest city in the country. The official language is Dutch. Suriname's official currency is the SRD. This South American nation is located on the northeastern coast of the continent. A mixing pot of ethnicities, tropical rainforests and Dutch colonial buildings characterize the region. Suriname's most fascinating facts include crooked authorities, a massive jungle, and a variety of strange animals. Suriname is a country with a rich cultural heritage and a beautiful landscape. Suriname is a fascinating country with a lot of exciting information.

Fascinating Facts

1
According to the most recent figure, Suriname is the world's tiniest country, covering just 163,821 square kilometers and home to only 541,638 people.
2
Suriname's lone cinema is the TBL Cinema. Paramaribo is where it is.
3
Suriname's capital city, Paramaribo, is home to roughly half of the country's 241,000 residents.
4
In contrast to most South American countries, Suriname and Guyana have a left-hand driving system.
5
As a result of Dutch colonial domination, Dutch is Suriname's official language.
6
As a result, Suriname has done an excellent job protecting the country's natural resources. More than half the nation is covered by tropical rainforest, home to a wide variety of plant and animal life.
7
Suriname's rich culture, which includes many events and festivals held throughout the year, is enriched by the country's wide range of ethnic groups.
8
A Jewish synagogue is located adjacent to a mosque in Suriname, one of the few places where this is the case. In addition to Hindu temples and Christian churches, the country is home to several other religious institutions.
9
In 2002, UNESCO designated Paramaribo, Suriname's capital, as a World Heritage Site. Many religious and historical landmarks may be found in the area.
10
The Republic of Suriname is the country's official name.
11
South America's tiniest country, with just around 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 square miles).
12
As much as 80% of Suriname's whole landscape is made up of tropical rainforest.
13
Suriname has several Protected Areas. A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Central Suriname, the largest reserve is the Central Suriname Nature Reserve.
14
It was the Surinen Indians who first inhabited Suriname and whose name the country bears. Other South American Indians had displaced them by the 16th century.
15
In 1975, Suriname, formerly known as Dutch Guiana, became an independent state.
16
In addition to bauxite, Suriname is a significant exporter of aluminum ore, accounting for 15% of the country's gross domestic product.
17
In common with the Netherlands, the national sport of Suriname is football, despite the country's status as an independent country.
18
To the east, it is surrounded by French Guiana, Guyana, and Brazil.
19
Suriname's population was projected at 545,672 as of January 1, 2016
20
Suriname's most important city in Paramaribo, situated on the banks of its tributary, is the river Suriname. Nearly half of Suriname's population lives in Paramaribo, the capital city.
21
The country's hills rise to Suriname's highest point, the Julianatop, a peak with a 1,230-meter summit.
22
In all, the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Center estimates that 16% of the country's geographical area is made up of national parks and lakes.
23
Paramaribo's ancient inner city is regarded as one of the most culturally exciting regions in this part of South America, with many of the colonial-era structures still standing here.
24
The Surinen Indians, after whom Suriname is called, were the country's first residents. They had been overtaken by other South American Indians by the 16th century when they were replaced.
25
Suriname is a multi-ethnic country, with individuals from a variety of ethnic and national origins living there.
26
The Arawak, the Carib, and the Surinen – from whom the country's name derives - were the first inhabitants of what is now Suriname.
27
Spanish explorers renamed Suriname in 1593 after the Surinen people who had lived there at the time.
28
Dutch Guiana was previously the name of the nation. Full autonomy was granted in 1954, and complete independence was achieved in 1975.
29
From 1975 to 1980, Suriname was wracked by a series of coups and civil wars that destabilized the country. The country has been stable since the 1990s and is now under a civilian government.
30
Gold is Suriname's primary export. It accounts for 67% of the country's total exports at $1.81 billion.
31
Over 5,000 plant types and 400 bird species call the 16,000 square kilometers Central Suriname Nature Reserve home.
32
Slaves brought in from West Africa made up the bulk of Suriname's population until the mid-nineteenth century.
33
Suriname's coast is a hotbed of piracy. An attack in 2018 off the coast of the country claimed the lives of at least 12 fishermen.
34
The Suriname coast was first seen by Europeans in 1498 when Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World.
35
In 1667, the British gave up a portion of Suriname in return for New Amsterdam, later becoming New York City.
36
Suriname adopted its flag in 1975. A yellow star dominates the design to represent the country's unity, its bright future, and the attitude of sacrifice necessary to get there.
37
For most of the 1980s, the military administration of Desi Bouterse presided over the affairs of Suriname. He was re-elected to office in 2010 and again in 2015.
38
Bouterse was found guilty by a Surinamese court in 2019 of the 1982 massacre of 15 political opponents. He received a 20-year jail term.
39
It is Suriname that has the distinction of being South America's tiniest sovereign state. French Guiana, despite its small size, is a French overseas department.
40
Historic Paramaribo and the Central Suriname Nature Reserve are both UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Suriname.
41
Biologists identified 60 new species on a trip to Suriname in 2013, including six frogs, one snake, and eleven fish.
42
1863 saw the abolition of slavery in Suriname's history. Worker replacements included enslaved people from India and the Indonesian island of Java, who came to complement the local workforce.
43
The disaster of Surinam Airways Flight 764 in Paramaribo in 1989 claimed the lives of 176 persons.
44
Suriname and Guyana, and French Guiana have a territorial dispute.
45
It is the national food of Suriname to eat chicken with rice.
46
There is a left-hand turn lane in Suriname for automobiles.
47
Ethnically, culturally, and spiritually, Suriname is a melting pot.
48
Most of the country's rainfall falls in the central and southern regions.
49
The locals highly prize the natural beauty of Suriname. Beautiful vegetation and fascinating creatures may be found in the country's jungles.
50
Until November 1975, when Suriname became an independent state, it was a component country of the Netherlands.

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