50 Fascinating Facts About Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a landlocked mountainous nation in Central Asia. It is bounded to the north and west by Uzbekistan, to the north by Kyrgyzstan, to the east by China, and to the south by Afghanistan. Because of its breathtaking scenery, the country is gaining popularity, particularly among mountaineers and hikers. But, before you grab your stuff, learn a little about this nation.

Fascinating Facts

1
Tajikistan's official name is the Republic of Tajikistan.
2
It is bounded to the south by Afghanistan, to the west by Uzbekistan, to the north by Kyrgyzstan, and to China.
3
Tajiki is the official language.
4
Tajikistan's population was evaluated to be 8,769,221 people as of January 1, 2017.
5
With a size of 143,100 square kilometers, it is the 94th biggest nation in the world (55,250 square miles).
6
Tajikistan's capital and biggest city are Dushanbe. In Tajik, the word "Dushanbe" means "Monday." It got its name from a community that used to have a prominent market on Mondays.
7
Tajikistan's lakes are an essential element of the country's natural landscape. The nation has around 1450 lakes. Karakul is Tajikistan's biggest lake. It is situated in the country's northern-eastern region, at 3914 meters above sea level.
8
Iskanderkul is Tajikistan's most popular and picturesque lake. This triangular-shaped lake is 2,195 meters above sea level. Alexander the Great is said to have visited this lake. Therefore it was renamed in his honor (Iskander: his Persian name).
9
Following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Tajik republic proclaimed independence and took the name Tajikistan.
10
Following anti-government protests, a civil war erupted. The conflict lasted from 1992 until 1997 and killed at least 20,000 people.
11
Tajikistan was a significant stop on the old Silk Road, which linked China and Europe.
12
Beauty standards differ from one culture to the next. The majority of the women in Tajikistan have a unibrow. Unibrows are regarded as very beautiful in the nation, and females with distinct brows often paint them to create the appearance.
13
Tajikistan has the second-tallest dam, which is Nurek Dam (300 m) on Tajikistan's Vakhsh River was erected to create hydroelectricity. It was the highest dam globally until 2013 when China surpassed it with the Jinping-I Dam (305 m).
14
Tajikistan is highly hilly, with over 90% of its territory classified as upland.
15
At nearly 7,000 meters in elevation, the Pamir Mountains are regarded locally as the "Roof of the World."
16
Tajikistan's Fedchenko Glacier is the world's longest glacier outside of the Polar Regions. The Yazgulem Range in the Pamir Mountains is home to the long and narrow glacier. It has a surface area of 700 square kilometers and a length of around 77 kilometers.
17
Tajikistan is mostly a hilly country. Mountain ranges cover more than 90 percent of the nation, and around 50 percent of the country is more than 3000 meters above sea level. Tajikistan's highest peak is the 7,495-meter-high Ismoil Somoni Peak.
18
Tajikistan's geography is mountainous on more than 90% of its land.
19
Approximately half of the nation is more than 3000 meters above sea level.
20
Some of the world's tallest mountains may be found here. The Pamir and Alay ranges include the majority of the country's tallest peaks. Tajikistan's highest peak is the 7,495-meter-high Ismoil Somoni Peak.
21
Tajikistan's Nurek Dam is situated on the Vakhsh River. Prior to China's Jinping-I Dam taking the title of the highest manufactured dam in 2013, the dam was the world's tallest manufactured dam. The Nurek Dam is mainly used to generate hydroelectric electricity. Its development began in 1961, with the first generator deployed in 1972.
22
The Fedchenko Glacier is significant in the Pamir Mountains' Yazgulem Range in the country's Gorno-Badakhshan region.
23
Fedchenko Glacier has a surface area of 700 square kilometers and a length of around 77 kilometers. At its thickest point, the glacier is 3,300 feet deep.
24
The Fedchenko Glacier, which is long and thin, is the world's longest glacier situated in the two polar regions.
25
The nation features an extensive river network. Over 900 rivers in the nation are more than 10 kilometers long. This nation is home to some of Central Asia's longest rivers. Tajikistan's two largest rivers are the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya.
26
The nation is in a seismically active area. Earthquakes commonly occur. The Qaratog earthquake of 1907 and the Khait earthquake of 1949 were two of Tajikistan's worst earthquakes.
27
Tajikistan has the world's third-highest average elevation, behind Bhutan and Nepal, at 3,186m.
28
Tajikistan's capital is Dushanbe. In Tajik, the term Dushanbe means "Monday." The name was selected because Dushanbe originated from a community that held a prominent market every Monday.
29
Lake Iskanderkul is situated in the highlands of the country's Sughd Province at an elevation of 2,195 meters. The beauty of the lake is widely recognized.
30
Arabs invaded the area and introduced Islam in the 7th and 8th centuries.
31
Tajiks were governed by Uzbeks and later Afghans until Russia claimed them in the 1860s.
32
Tajikistan was unified into a newly constituted Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924, which was organizationally part of the Uzbek SSR until 1929 when the Tajik ASSR attained full republic status.
33
Iskanderkul Lake is triangular and spans an area of 3.4 square kilometers. The lake gets its name from Iskander, Alexander the Great's Persian name. The lake and its environs provide a range of habitats for local species. The birdlife is abundant here.
34
A tiny strip of land separates Tajikistan and Pakistan. This strip is known as the Wakhan Corridor, and it is located in Afghanistan.
35
The corridor is sandwiched between the high mountains of the Karakoram Range towards the south and the Pamir Mountains to the north. The strip of land is approximately 13 to 65 km broad yet 350 km long.
36
Although most people associate the yeti tale with the Himalayan highlands, stories of the snow people or yeti have also appeared in Tajikistan's Pamir Mountain area.
37
Tajikistan's tourism industry has expanded rapidly in recent decades. The country's hilly landscape and less-explored civilizations draw travelers from all over the world. Mountaineers and adventurers come to this country because it provides a variety of adventure sports such as mountain climbing, skiing, and snowboarding.
38
Lakes comprise around 2% of the country's land area.
39
Tajikistan has about 900 rivers that are more than 10 kilometers long.
40
Tajikistan is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
41
The nation, which was previously part of the Silk Road, is now severely impacted by drug trafficking. It has become one of the routes for Afghan heroin to be exported to Russia and Europe.
42
Tajikistan was partitioned after 1860, with the north falling under Russian authority and the south captured by the Emirate of Bukhara.
43
This year, the Asian Development Bank's board approved a $90 million grant to rehabilitate a 40-kilometer stretch of road between Dushanbe and Kurgonteppa.
44
Immigrant remittances account for over 47 percent of Tajikistan's GDP.
45
Aluminum, energy, cotton, fabrics, vegetable oil, and fruits and vegetables are all exported by Tajikistan.
46
Tajik cuisine has many similarities with Russian, Afghan, as well as Uzbek cuisines.
47
The national drink is green tea.
48
Tajikistan is a Tajik word that means "country of the Tajiks."
49
Although the history of the Tajiks goes back more than a thousand years, Tajikistan was not a legal state until September 9, 1991.
50
Tajikistan transports the majority of the heroin produced in Afghanistan.

Sources