19 Facts You Should Know

The Grand Canyon is one of the most popular and well-known natural attractions in the United States, drawing tens of thousands of tourists each year. Even though the canyon is 277 miles long and encompasses 1,217,403 acres of land in the Grand Canyon National Park, it is not the deepest in the world at a depth of one mile (Gandaki Gorge in Nepal won this award). Archaeological evidence from five Native American groups who dwell there, as well as the Colorado River as well as its tributaries, which shaped the canyon, are all found in the canyon complex.

How Was the Grand Canyon Made?

The whole Plateau has Proterozoic and Paleozoic sediment layers and is one of the Plateau’s distinctive physiographic parts. An orogeny 65 million years ago, the Laramide Orogeny, caused the Colorado Plateau and the Colorado River’s stream gradient to rise, which enabled the water to flow faster, erode more quickly, and produce the fantastic geological structures seen today in the canyons and valleys of the Plateau. For example, in 1936, the construction of Lake Mead and Lake Powell by Glen Canyon and Hoover dams impacted the river’s pace, water levels, and eroding ability.

The Grand Canyon’s Geology

They think the oldest rock layers at the bottom of the canyon are about 1.8 billion years old. The oldest rock strata are from the Precambrian and Paleozoic eras, which happened between 2 billion as well as 250 million years ago, and they cover parts of both ages. The Vishnu Schist, the oldest rock stratum in the Grand Canyon, may be found in the Inner Gorge. This rock collection is dubbed Vishnu Basement Rocks by its creators (rock type found in this region consisting of igneous and metamorphic rocks). Rocks that are mostly schist (metamorphic) and granite (igneous) date back to the Proterozoic era of Earth’s history, around 1.7 billion years ago.

There are rocks called Zoroaster granite that is found in this area. The oldest rock in the Kaibab limestone sediment layer is about 230 million years old and is found on the Grand Canyon’s rim. Besides shells and other marine life, these rocks also include ancient human artifacts from early explorers and indigenous people that lived in the area, such as sea urchin fossils. Researchers believe that the Grand Canyon was initially underwater, which explains the presence of marine fossils and sediment layers such as the Permian Coconino Sandstone, which has many sand dune formations.

19 Fascinating Facts

1
The Grand Canyon is regarded as one of the world's seven natural wonders. The Grand Canyon, while not being the world's longest or steepest canyon, is one of nature's seven wonders due to its immense size and scope, as well as its stunningly colorful terrain.
2
The Grand Canyon is one of the world's most breathtaking natural wonders. Geological history dates back more than 2 billion years to the Grand Canyon's horizontal layers. Earth's necessary geological periods are shown in this way:
3
The Grand Canyon Is Widely Regarded as One of the World's Most Stunning Natural Wonders. Visitors to the Grand Canyon may choose from a wide range of activities and vantage points. Tourists may enjoy breathtaking views that are unrivaled anywhere else because of their vibrant and complex nature.
4
Archaeologists have only surveyed 3.3 percent of the canyon's surface. Archaeologists are still seeking evidence of a previous civilization. Carbon dating has shown that some of the park's items date back to 2900 BC.
5
As a result of the Colorado River's erosive action, the Grand Canyon was created. Snowmelt, rainwater, and tributary streams all contribute to eroding the Grand Canyon's walls.
6
The Grand Canyon's climate is semi-arid. The Grand Canyon would not exist if it were not for its semi-arid environment. The South Rim gets just 38 cm of yearly precipitation, while the canyon's floor receives less than 20 cm.
7
At the Grand Canyon, there have been several unusual weather events. The park records over 25,000 lightning strikes per year on average. An inversion is the most uncommon kind of weather to occur. This happens when the canyon below the rim is filled with dense clouds.
8
The Grand Canyon is considered to be one of the world's premier whitewater rafting destinations. The Grand Canyon is the undisputed king of whitewater rafting, 226 miles of raging rapids and towering cliffs. A whitewater river rafting trip with breathtaking canyon vistas is a must-do activity.
9
Explore the Canyon during these times. There is nothing quite like seeing the world in the dead of winter. Although the North Rim of the Grand Canyon is open year-round, the roads are blocked during the winter. As a result, the summer months provide a more comprehensive range of options.
10
Rescues from the park take place on a yearly average of 250 times. The most common error tourists make, say park rangers, is not bringing enough water with them. Many hikers also fail to account for the difficulty of returning to the rim and don't use appropriate footwear, such as high heels or flip-flops, to make matters worse.
11
Visit the El Tovar Hotel, the Park's Most Famous Hotel, for a Delicious Lunch. Tables with Grand Canyon views are available at various restaurants. For $250,000, this hotel was completed in 1904. In today's money, that's around $7 million. The El-Tovar Hotel was added to the NRHP in 1987.
12
The Grand Canyon's Deadliest Creature. The park's most deadly wildlife is the rock squirrel. Dozens of people get bitten every year while feeding or taking pictures with this animal. Not everything is well with the rock squirrel.
13
The Grand Canyon Has Over 1000 Caves
14
According to the Hopi Tribe, the Grand Canyon is a portal to the afterlife. The spot has always had a special meaning for the locals. They believe that after death, a person's trip to the afterlife takes them westward via a "point of emergence" in the canyon, which lies upstream from the junction of Colorado as well as the Little Colorado rivers.
15
The weather may be affected by the Grand Canyon. When you visit the Grand Canyon, you may expect to see a wide range of weather conditions because of its varied elevation. When the temperature rises or falls by 1,000 feet, it goes up by 5.5 degrees.
16
In the United States, the Grand Canyon is the most popular national park. The Great Smoky Mountains National Park in North Carolina and Tennessee is the most visited national park in the US, with an estimated 5.9 million visitors each year. When the park was first established in 1919, it had an annual attendance of 44,173, which is now a long way off.
17
The rock squirrel is the park's most deadly animal. Many animals live in the Grand Canyon, from bighorn sheep to California Condors. It's the rock squirrel, on the other hand, that gets in everyone's way the most. Attempting to feed the animals results in the bites of scores of tourists each year. To ensure your safety, avoid approaching or feeding any animals seen in the Grand Canyon (or any park).
18
Do You Believe This Is the World's Deepest Canyon? The Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon from Tibet is the deepest in the world. In addition to its greater length and greater depth, the Tibetan canyon is also 30 miles longer than the Grand Canyon.
19
It's more complicated than you'd expect to see the North and South Rims on the same day. It takes about 10 miles to go from the South Rim of the Grand Canyon to the North Rim. However, to go between them, you must travel 215 miles, or around 5 hours, through the park, across the Colorado River, and into the canyon. There are several ways to grasp the enormity of this awe-inspiring location.

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