Turks And Caicos Islands – 19 Fascinating Facts, History, and Culture

In the Atlantic Ocean, the Turks and Caicos Islands are a British Overseas Territory called the Turks and Caicos Islands. They belong to the Caribbean region. There are even more than 40 tiny cays as well as islands or even eight islands that also are inhabited. They are split into two groups: the Turk Islands in the east are Grand Turk & Salt Cay, and also the Caicos Islands in the west are South Caicos, North Caicos, Middle Caicos, Pine Cay, Providenciales, and Parrot Cay. To the southeast of Miami, Florida, the islands are 575 miles away. They are south of the Bahamas, east of Cuba, and to the west of the country called Hispaniola, which is called Cuba (the Dominican Republic and Haiti). Over 31,000 people live on the islands full-time, and more than 1 million people visit them each year. A total of 1300,575 people visited the Turks as well as Caicos Islands in 2016. Among them were 453,612 people who came for a stopover and the rest who came on cruise ships.


The first residents of these Turks as well as Caicos Islands were the Taino people and thought to cross with hand-carved canoes that travelled the sea coming from Caribbean Island Hispaniola between 500 and 800 AD. In 1513 however, the islands were abandoned, and they remained that way until the 17th century. The Spanish arrived in the islands during the first explorations led by Christopher Columbus in 1492. They immediately began capturing indigenous people and bringing the islanders to Hispaniola to be enslaved.

Following this, the islands were repeatedly taken over by other European powerhouses as they sought to take over another island in the Caribbean. However, none settled in the islands. In the absence of a population, the islands were a preferred destination where pirates could hide in the 18th century. They took riches from and around the Caribbean Sea and fled here to escape from capture.

In 1765, the French returned the islands to France, and in 1783 the first settlement of Caicos islands was established. Caicos islands were found with the help of loyalists in America fleeing persecution during the American War of Independence. In 1799 Caicos islands were captured by the British 1799. Turks, as well as the Caicos islands, were taken by the British and because of the strength of the empire they had at the time, their move was uncontested.

At first, Turks and Caicos formed part of the larger colony of the Bahamas. However, in 1848, these islands became an independent colony, even though they depended on Jamaica up to 1959. In 1917, a proposal was proposed by the Premier of Canada to integrate Turks and Caicos into Canada; however, this idea was denied by Britain.

The political connection with Canada was maintained through the 20th century. In 1982, there was a second attempt to officially be a part of Turks and Caicos with Canada; however, this too fell through. Another time in 2004, when Nova Scotia, the provincial government of Nova Scotia, gave an official invitation to be a part of Canada, but the Canadian government did not accept it. Canadian government.

The country has remained under British control and is now an officially recognized overseas territory under its own government. However, it has been a source of controversy. As recently as 2006 in the year 2006, the British government was in direct control over Turks and Caicos politics after investigations exposed corruption at the level of ministers. Home rule was restored in 2012 following the democratic elections.


Turks and Caicos is an outside territory of the UK with direct connections with Britain for over 200 years. Additionally, geographic proximity and the historical links towards North America mean that an American and Canadian influence is widespread. To illustrate this mix of cultures, cricket is the nation’s sport in the country, as well as an export from cricket, is the export of British Empire, but the currency used can be found in that of the US dollar.

One of the most distinctive aspects of the tradition in Turks and Caicos is the indigenous Ripsaw music. The primary component in the musical is created by scraping a metal object through the blade of a typical handsaw. This makes an eerie sound similar to the paper being cut. The saw scraping can be accompanied by various other instruments, including guitar, drums and accordion. The design originated on the Middle and North Caicos islands and has been exported to the Bahamas.

13 Fascinating Facts

Turks & Caicos is made by two distinct islands, as you could be able to guess by the title. The Turks Island Passage is the only way to separate from the Caicos Islands and the Turks Islands. The ocean area is over 7,200 feet deep and is among the many reasons that diving in Turks & Caicos is so excellent.
The islands have a long and rich history with several authorities. In the 16th-18th century, Spain, France, and Great Britain controlled Turks & Caicos. Then, in 1973 the islands were made a British overseas territory which made Queen Elizabeth II the head of state. The Queen, however, selects a governor, who governs on the advice provided by the Foreign Office. There is, however, this: Robert Borden, the Canadian Prime Minister at the time, said that Canada should take over Turks and Caicos in 1917. David Lloyd George, the British Prime Minister at the time, said no. The Turks and Caicos Islands have thought about joining Canada three other times: in 2004, 1974, and 2014.
As with other islands in the zone, Turks & Caicos has been a victim of piracy for a long time. The famous pirate, known by the name of Calico Jack Rackham, made use of the region to hide. His pirate love, Anne Bonny, was also known to be a resident of Pirate Cay Island.
Divers will be thrilled to know they are in the Turks & Caicos, home to the world's third-largest barrier reef structure. Naturally, this reef area is home to some of the most beautiful dive spots in the world.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the waters around Turks and Caicos have the most ancient European shipwrecks that have been found so far. Experts think the wreckage dates back to 1513, but they don't know for sure. Even though it was initially supposed to be Christopher Columbus's Pinta, this was not the case. The Molasses Reef Wreck is still unidentified; However, the ship's remains can be found in the National Museum on Grand Turk.
During the months of January and April, whales' humpbacks pass through Turks and Caicos on their way to Silver Bank adjacent to the Dominican Republic. Diving around the reefs at Turks and Caicos is a lot of fun.
Turks & Caicos stands home to 230 miles of pure white sand beaches. In addition, the water temperatures are perfect for swimming in (or diving with no wetsuit). In summer, temperatures vary from 82-84 degrees and around 76 degrees in winter.
The only route to go from Turks Island to the Caicos Islands is via the 7,200-foot-deep Turks Island Passage. There are Turks Islands that go to the Caicos Islands from Turks Island.
English is the principal language spoken in the Turks and Caicos Islands. A lot of locals speak Turks or Caicos Islands Creole.
Although these islands have the status of British, the US dollar serves as the currency used in official transactions in Turks as well as Caicos.
Until the Queen abdicates her throne, she remains ruler of the Turks and Caicos Islands, which is a British Overseas Territory. When the Foreign Office tells her which governor to choose, she picks the one she likes best.
The residents from the Turks and Caicos Islands who are older than 18 years old participate in elections for the legislature every four years. A leader from the main party gets chosen as the premier by the governor. Prime Minister Rufus Ewing, appointed on November 13, 2012, is the current leader of the Turks and Caicos government.
In 1973, Turks and Caicos were granted self-government. The islands, on the other hand, have a lengthy history of the rule, which has shifted from Spain to France and then to Great Britain over the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.