Wallis And Futuna – 15 Fascinating Facts, History, Economy, Culture, And People

At the start of the 19th century, French missionaries moved to the two island groups between Fiji and Samoa. In the 1880s, a protectorate was set up. People from France are in charge of the area. There is a 20-member territorial assembly, a deputy and a senator in the French national parliament, and a high official from France. The three Polynesian monarchs also have a role in determining the country’s internal policies. It was changed from a territory to an Overseas Territory in 1961 after the Polynesian people voted on it in that year.

History

Archaeologists have found sites that date back to 1400 B.C.E. in Wallis. The Tongans came to the island in the fifteenth century, and they took it over after a series of battles that have become famous in the island’s history. In the 1500s, the Wallis Maritime Empire sprang out of the Early Tongan Maritime Empire. There were many similarities in language and traditions between the two countries prior to this. There are strong cultural ties between Futuna and Samoa and Rotuma, which is why Futuna is called Futuna.

When two Dutch navigators saw Futuna and Alofi in 1616, they named them Futuna and Alofi. It was in 1767 that Samuel Wallis from Britain went to Wallis. Missionaries came to the area in 1837 and started converting the people to Catholicism. The French have been the only Europeans to live there, and they were the first to set up a home there. Father Bataillon served on Wallis Island, and Father Chanel served on Futuna Island as the first Marist missionaries. During the time that the Catholic mission was there, there was a lot of fighting on the islands

After some locals revolted, the missionaries requested French protection on April 5, 1842. People in Wallis and Tonga had less in common when the French stopped people from travelling outside of France at this time. It was April 5, 1887. The queen of the island of Uvea signed a treaty with France that made the country a French protectorate. Sigave and Alo, the kings of Futuna and Alofi, signed a treaty on February 16, 1888, that made the French protectorate there. People in the French Colony of New Caledonia took charge of the islands. In 1917, France acquired the three ancient chiefdoms and renamed them the Territory of Wallis and Futuna, which remained under the administration of the Colony of New Caledonia.

Economy 

Traditional self-sufficient farming is responsible for about 80% of all jobs. Among the main crops are breadfruit (banana), coconut (coconut), cassava, and taro. There are two main exports: copra and handicrafts. The primary source of money comes from the French government, expatriate remittances, as well as fishing license fees. The island is indeed a French territory, and also, the Chief Executive will be sent by the French.

Heritage and Culture

There are Polynesian cultural and social traditions in Wallis & Futuna, but there are also modern French political and social institutions. This is what a law from 1961 says: “The French Republic guarantees to people living in Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands that they can freely follow their faith and that with their beliefs and customs will be respected.” People in Wallis have a kingdom called Alo, and people in Futuna have a kingdom called Alo and Sigave. Each kingdom has a king, ministers, and customary chiefs who come from the lineage of the king. This is how it works: Each monarch has expected administrative duties and is a member of the Territorial Assembly.

Wallis’ customs and language have a strong Tongan influence because of the islands’ history. On the other hand, Futuna has a Tongan-like language because of its history, too. You can still see exceptionally well-preserved signs of old Tongan settlements in Wallis. They play a big part in everyday life. Mass is always held on important events and feast days. Then there is the kava ceremony, a katoaga (gift-giving) and traditional dances. Communion and affirmation ceremonies are significant in the lives of young people in Wallis and Futuna and the families that they live with.

People

Polynesians are the people who live there now, but there are significant differences between both the languages and people on the Uvea and Futuna islands, where they live. By at least 800 BCE, it looks like Uvea was already inhabited. Then, the Tongans came and took over the people. The two countries have a lot in common in terms of culture, history, and language. The Futunans, on the other hand, are said to have come from Samoa. 

Their language is similar to that of Samoa, as well as the Futunans share numerous cultural traits of Samoa. Both Wallisian (Uvean) and Futunan have been Polynesian languages, and they are both official languages. French is also one of them. The French have ruled them for a long time, but the people of the islands don’t have a lot in common. Most of them are Roman Catholic, but they don’t all look like each other. Futuna is a small island that isn’t very close to Uvea. People there have said they want to be able to have their own country.

On the islands, there are a lot of villages, mainly on the coast. There are no real cities in the world. One-third of the people live in Uvea. They have a more significant population in New Caledonia than they do on their own island. Most of the people who move to New Caledonia are Uveans. Many people left their homes and moved abroad from the pull of better jobs abroad and the push of limited options, and growing population pressures at home. Expats are suitable for the economy because they send money back to their home country. If they came back, they would put a lot of strain on the resources in their home country, though. The number of French people who have lived in Wallis and Futuna for a long time has always been deficient. Only a small percentage of the people who live on the islands are from Europe

15 Fascinating Facts

1
There are a group of French islands in the South Pacific Ocean called Wallis and Futuna, which is part of Oceania.
2
There are a lot of countries near it, but the closest ones are Kiribati to the north, Kiribati to the northeast, Tokelau to the north, Samoa to the east, Tonga towards the south-east, and Fiji to both the west and the south.
3
A total of 102 square miles make up the area of the whole thing (264 square kilometres).
4
Check your map before you pack up your boat and head out. Make sure you write down the coordinates for Wallis and Futuna on it: 13.3000° S, 176.2000° W.
5
In 2014, there were 15,561 people in Wallis and Futuna.
6
Capital: Mata-Utu is 23 square miles (60 square kilometres) and has 1,191 people. It is the largest city in the country (2003).
7
Samuel Wallis, a Cornish explorer, was the name of the town Wallis is named after, so it is named after him.
8
From November to April, it's hot and rainy, and from May to October, it's cool and dry. The average temperature is 26.6°F, but it stays that way. It's lovely, too.
9
You can swim, hike, sunbathe, and explore this slice of paradise because it has an area of 80 miles (129 kilometres) of coastline as well as sandy beaches that separate the sea from its forests and low hills.
10
79 is the average life span for people in this country area.
11
People in Wallis and Futuna use the CFP Franc as their currency. Make sure you have enough of them when you pay for your drink!
12
They speak French as their primary language.
13
Yams, sweet potatoes, cassava, taro, breadfruit, and fish are all grown on the islands together.
14
Tourism is the country's primary source of income.
15
It sells copra, chemicals, and building materials to people all over the world.

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